Margaret Watkins

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Margaret Watkins: The Kitchen Sink, 1919

Margaret Watkins (1884–1969) was a Canadian photographer who is remembered for her innovative contributions to advertising photography.[1] She lived a life of rebellion, rejection of tradition, and individual heroism; she never married, she was a successful career woman in a time when women stayed at home, and she exhibited eroticism and feminism in her art and writing.[2]

Early life[edit]

The daughter of an Ontario businessman and his Scottish wife, Watkins was born in Hamilton, Ontario on November 8, 1884.[3] Growing up, Watkins exhibited a keen eye for design and craftsmanship, and by age 15 she was selling her own crafts in her father’s department store. She also played piano and sang in the Centenary Methodist Church Choir. In 1908 Watkins left home to work at Roycroft Arts and Crafts community and Sidney Lanier Camp. It was at these two rural utopian communities in northeast United States where she would start to learn photography.[4] In 1913, she moved to Boston, where she worked as an assistant in a commercial photography studio.[5] Outside of her photography job, she wrote poetry and sang Mendelssohn and Wagner with the Temple Israel Choir. Later she landed a job with photographer Alice Boughton, in New York and she began studying under Clarence H. White at his schools in New York and Maine.[4] Her courses at the Clarence H. White Summer School of Photography in Maine, was where her interest in photography was solidified and later on she would teach there.[6]


Watkins opened a studio in Greenwich Village, New York City, and in 1920 became editor of the annual publication Pictorial Photography in America. She worked successfully as an advertising photographer for Macy's and the J. Walter Thompson Company and Fairfax, becoming one of the first women photographers to contribute to advertising agencies. She also produced landscapes, portraits, nudes and still lifes. While teaching at the Clarence White school from 1916 to 1928, her students included Margaret Bourke-White, Laura Gilpin, Paul Outerbridge, Ralph Steiner and Doris Ulmann.[7]

One of the earliest art photographers in advertising, her images of everyday objects set new standards of acceptability. From 1928, when she was based in Glasgow, she embarked on street photography in Russia, Germany and France, specializing in store fronts and displays.[1][6]

Watkins died in Glasgow, Scotland in 1969,[3] largely forgotten as a photographer.


Watkins legacy exists in her exemplary work left behind, but also her example as a single, successful woman. According to Queen's Quarterly, Her life is an inspiration for single women, who are fulfilled by their careers, rather than the traditional gender roles women face of fulfillment through marrying and having children.[2]

Before she died, Watkins handed over a sealed box of all her work to her neighbor and executor of her will, Joseph Mulholland. She gave him strict instructions to not open it until after she died.[4] As a result, several solo exhibitions were subsequently held in Britain and North America.[1][7] When she died in November 1969, she left most of her estate to music charities.[4]

In October 2012, a retrospective exhibition of Margaret Watkins' work titled "Domestic Symphonies" opened at the National Gallery of Canada[6] This exhibition showcased 95 of her photographs dating from 1914 – 1939. Of these photos were portraits and landscapes, modern still lifes, street scenes, advertising work, and commercial designs. Music was a vital inspiration for Watkins, and that can be seen just from the title of this exhibition.[4]

A stamp depicting Watkins' photograph, The Kitchen Sink was issued on March 22, 2013 by Canada Post as part of their Canadian Photography series. The image is a still life of a sink with dishes.[8][9][10]


  1. ^ a b c "Margaret Watkins" Archived 2012-10-10 at the Wayback Machine, Robert Mann Gallery. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Margaret Watkins, photographer: seduced by the modern. - Free Online Library". Retrieved 2016-06-26.
  3. ^ a b "Margaret Watkins". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Margaret Watkins: Of Sight and Sound". Retrieved 2016-06-26.
  5. ^ O'Connor, Mary Elizabeth; Tweedie, Katherine (2007). Seduced by modernity the photography of Margaret Watkins. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780773575660.
  6. ^ a b c Lori Pauli, "Margaret Watkins: Domestic Symphonies. National Gallery of Canada presents first major retrospective of this Canadian photographer’s work", National Gallery of Canada, 3 October 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Watkins, Margaret", Canadian Women Artists History Initiative. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  8. ^ "New photography stamp series gives an appreciation of Canada's best". Canada Post. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  9. ^ "Canadian Photography". Canada Post. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Photographer Margaret Watkins honoured with Canada Post stamp". BBC News. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

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