Margaret Weis

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Margaret Weis
Margaret Weis at the Lucca Comics & Games convention in 2007
Margaret Weis at the Lucca Comics & Games convention in 2007
Born (1948-03-16) March 16, 1948 (age 74)
Independence, Missouri, US
Alma materUniversity of Missouri
GenreFantasy, science fiction

Margaret Edith Weis (/ws/; born March 16, 1948)[1] is an American fantasy and science fiction author, of dozens of novels and short stories. At TSR, Inc., she teamed with Tracy Hickman to create the Dragonlance role-playing game (RPG) world. She is founding CEO and owner of Sovereign Press, Inc and Margaret Weis Productions, licensing several popular television and movie franchises to make RPG series in addition to their own.

In 1999, Pyramid magazine named Weis one of The Millennium's Most Influential Persons, saying she and Hickman are "basically responsible for the entire gaming fiction genre". In 2002, she was inducted into the Origins Hall of Fame in part for Dragonlance.

Early life[edit]

Margaret Weis was born on March 16, 1948, in Independence, Missouri, where she was raised. She discovered heroic fantasy fiction while studying at the University of Missouri (MU). She said, "I read Tolkien when it made its first big sweep in the colleges back in 1966. A girlfriend of mine gave me a copy of the books while I was in summer school at MU. I literally couldn't put them down! I never found any other fantasy I liked, and just never read any fantasy after Tolkien."[2] She conscientiously avoided buying unauthorized publications of his work, and she related the wars in his fictional world to those in the real world of the 1960s.[3]

She graduated from the University of Missouri in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts in creative writing and literature.[4]


Weis recalled, "Of course, my mother knew I was going to starve with such a worthless degree" so her mother got her a job as a proofreader at a small publishing company in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri. There, she ascended to editor, learned all about the book industry, and found an agent—crediting the job as an unusually good start for an author. She started writing for the low-paying juvenile book market by appealing to librarians with her high quality, well researched books.[5][2] From 1972 to 1983 she worked for Herald Publishing House as advertising director and subsequently as director of Independence Press, Herald Publishing's trade division from 1981 to 1983.[4]

Her first book is a biography of the outlaws Frank and Jesse James, because Frank had been buried in a cemetery near her childhood school in Independence.[5] In the late 1970s and early 1980s, she wrote children's books about computer graphics, robots, the history of Thanksgiving, and an adventure book at a second-grade reading level for prisoners with low literacy levels.[6]

TSR and Dragonlance[edit]

Margaret Weis (seated) with Tracy Hickman at Gen Con Indy 2008

In 1983, Weis applied for a job as a game editor at TSR, Inc. that she saw advertised in Publishers Weekly. TSR turned her down for that position, but hired her as a book editor.[2][6] She stayed in the book division, leaving the company as an independent author in 1986.[4][7][3]

One of her first assignments at TSR was to help coordinate, in a chance meeting with TSR colleague Tracy Hickman,[5] Project Overlord, which was to include a novel and three AD&D modules.[2][6] Weis and Hickman plotted the novel and hired an author to flesh out story ideas but who lacked grasp of the characters or plots. Having "lived with those characters for months" and threatened by deadline, the two saved the project.[5][6] She said, "By that time, [Hickman] and I were so into the project that we felt we had to write it." Project Overlord soon became known as Dragonlance.[6][8] With 4 million sales of the first book in the US and UK,[5] it grew into a trilogy of novels, called the Dragonlance Chronicles, and 15 linked modules.[6][8] Jean Black, managing editor of TSR's book department, picked Weis and Hickman to write the series.[9]: 16  She said, "To my mind, what made the project so successful was that everyone was involved in it, excited about it, and believed in it."[6]

After two years of development, TSR released the game module Dragons of Despair in March 1984 and the novel Dragons of Autumn Twilight in November 1984.[10][11] TSR had doubts about the finished novel's sales potential, and attempted to order thirty thousand copies, ultimately ordering the minimum print run of fifty thousand. The success of the novel prompted TSR to publish more copies to meet demand.[12] The novel was written after the completion of the first Dragonlance game modules. Weis and Hickman found this constraining and made the novel too episodic, so they reversed the process for the next books and completed the novels before the related modules were written.[13]

Weis and Hickman wrote the Dragonlance Legends trilogy, which was published in 1986.[9]: 16  Their Dragonlance products included novels, game supplements, short stories, art books, and calendars.[2]

The two started moonlighting as book authors, for four hours each evening and through every weekend. Several successful books afforded them to quit TSR and begin full-time writing in 1986.[5]


Margaret Weis at the Lucca convention in October 2005.

Having left TSR in 1986,[7][3] Weis and Hickman continued as a writing team. According to the Kansas City Star profile of major local authors "transformed" by pioneering fantasy author J. R. R. Tolkien, the duo sought to recapture the reality-grounded and humanized experience of Tolkien literature but without copying or emulating it, so a reader could imagine meeting their original magical characters in a real place like a bus stop and conversing using pronounceable names.[3] She attributed their writing partnership's longevity to specialization, where Hickman was the world builder and storyteller who defines "when the moon rises and which way the winds blow", and she brought characters and substance. He then untangled her unsolvable situations.[5] Weis and Hickman wrote the Darksword trilogy (1986–87) and the seven-book Deathgate Cycle (1988–94) for Bantam Books.[6]

Her daily workflow consisted of five hours of writing on the computer, starting at 7:30 a.m., even on holidays, often rewriting anything that had surpassed five hours the previous day, and then thinking about the book through the afternoon. She wrote plot ideas and dialogue scraps upon napkins and envelopes until she got a portable computer, and got nervous if unable to work. She said, "I'd love to do mysteries but I don't have the head for them". She mentally, happily, inhabited her own fictional worlds; and upon completion, suffered "a real depression" due to abandoning characters that seemed more real than most people. Her only vacations consisted of hosting fantasy and science fiction conventions worldwide and befriending her fans.[5]

Weis wrote the space opera Star of the Guardians novels, which she calls her favorite series that she has written. She published a game based on Mag Force 7 from 1994–96.[6] In the late 1990s, Larry Elmore approached Weis and Hickman to pitch his fantasy world of Loerem, which they agreed to write about in the Sovereign Stone trilogy of books which was published by Del Rey.[6][9]: 351  From 2003 to 2005, Weis completed the Dragonvarld trilogy for Tor.

In 1999, Pyramid magazine named Weis one of The Millennium's Most Influential Persons "at least in the realm of adventure gaming", and said she and Hickman are "basically responsible for the entire gaming fiction genre".[14] Weis was inducted into the Origins Hall of Fame in 2002, recognized in part for "one game line turned literary sensation: Dragonlance".[15]

Publishing companies[edit]

In addition to her writing career, Weis was the owner and chief officer of two publishing companies. Weis formed the company Sovereign Press, with herself as CEO, to publish the Sovereign Stone roleplaying game written by her husband Don Perrin and Lester Smith.[9]: 351  To support the setting, Weis and Perrin wrote a short story called "Shadamehr and the Old Wives Tale" which appeared in Dragon #264 (October 1999).[9]: 352  In 2004, Perrin left Sovereign Press and Weis founded the new company Margaret Weis Productions.[9]: 353  It published an RPG line based on several licenses including Serenity and Battlestar Galactica, and Ed Greenwood's new solo venture into roleplaying, Castlemourn.

Weis has served on the Board of Directors of Mag Force 7, Inc., the developer of the Star of the Guardians and Wing Commander Collectible Trading Card Game (CCGs).[4]

Returns to Dragonlance[edit]

Weis and Hickman returned to Dragonlance in 1995 with Dragons of Summer Flame. Her next project was a solo novel called The Soulforge, based on her favorite character from the trilogy, the dark wizard Raistlin.[6] Wizards of the Coast published a new trilogy of Dragonlance novels by Weis and Hickman called War of Souls, beginning with Dragons of a Fallen Sun (2000).[9]: 283 

In 2002, Wizards of the Coast licensed the Dragonlance setting to Sovereign Press for RPG publication; Weis and Perrin, along with Jamie Chambers and Christopher Coyle, wrote the Dragonlance Campaign Setting (2003) for publication by Wizards of the Coast. Sovereign Press was then allowed to expand and supplement that book using the d20 license.[9]: 353  The license expired in 2007.[16] Between 2004 and 2008, Weis wrote a solo novel trilogy titled The Dark Disciple; the first novel, Amber and Ashes, was published in August 2004. During this period, Weis also co-authored with Hickman The Lost Chronicles trilogy starting with Dragons of the Dwarven Depths in July 2006. There was a fifteen-year hiatus between novels about the Companions before Dragons of the Dwarven Depths was released. After the original Chronicles novels were completed in 1991, the co-authors had a lot of material about them remaining, but moved on to writing about new characters. In 2004, Weis told Hickman she wanted to return to the main protagonists of the Dragonlance world. When the pair contacted their editors, they enthusiastically agreed.[17]

In October 2020, Weis and Tracy Hickman filed suit against Wizards of the Coast for breaching a license for a new Dragonlance novel trilogy.[18][19] Boing Boing reported that "according to the lawsuit, Weis and Hickman agreed with Wizards of the Coast to produce the new novels in 2017, capping off the series and giving fans a final sendoff. But the company pulled the plug in August 2020".[20] The authors see the new trilogy as "the capstone to their life's work".[21] In December 2020, Weis and Hickman filed to voluntarily dismiss without prejudice their lawsuit,[22] and "the filing noted that Wizards of the Coast had not formally answered their lawsuit, nor had they filed for a summary judgement".[23] Weis and Hickman's publishing agent affirmed a few weeks following this that a new trilogy of Dragonlance novels was back in the works.[24][25] The first novel of the new series, Dragonlance: Dragons of Deceit, was released on August 2, 2022.[26][27]

Personal life[edit]

Weis met her future husband in high school, married after college, and had two children.[5][28] The mentality of a professional writer stressed those relationships. After publication of her first book and ten years of marriage, they divorced due to that stress and to different personalities.[5]

In 1983, she moved to the classic resort city of Lake Geneva, Wisconsin to work for TSR,[7][3] living in a house converted from a barn.[5] She said she always avoided reading fantasy books[29] since Tolkien[3] to avoid influencing her work, but favored the classics like Charles Dickens, Jane Austen, and Sherlock Holmes in any spare time.[5] She often played games at her co-owned store, Game Guild. She cooked for relaxation, and collected cookbooks in her travels, such as recipes of drinks from Dickens books.[7]

In 1993, Weis was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent successful chemotherapy.[6][30] She stayed busy writing The Seventh Gate during treatment.[30]

In 1996, Weis married writer/game designer Don Perrin;[6][31] the two later divorced.[28]



  1. ^ "Summary Bibliography: Margaret Weis".
  2. ^ a b c d e Hickman, Tracy (April 1987). "TSR Profiles" (PDF). Dragon. Vol. XI, No. 11, no. 120. Lake Geneva, Wisconsin: TSR, Inc. p. 90.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Tolkien's fantasies inspire others, endure as literature". The Kansas City Star. January 21, 1992. p. E8. Retrieved August 21, 2022 – via
  4. ^ a b c d "Margaret Weis". Archived from the original on February 24, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Steinkraus, Dave (December 3, 1990). "Author lives a fantasy life". The Journal Times. Racine, Wisconsin. p. 6A. Retrieved August 21, 2022 – via
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Varney, Allen (January 1998). "ProFiles: Margaret Weis" (PDF). Dragon. Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. XXII, No. 6 (#243): 120.
  7. ^ a b c d "Inside Tips Make Recipes Special". Lake Geneva Regional News. Retrieved August 21, 2022 – via
  8. ^ a b Phillips, Casey (February 19, 2010). "QandA with Larry Elmore", Chattanooga Times Free Press. Distributed through McClatchy-Tribune News Service, February 19, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Shannon Appelcline (2011). Designers & Dragons. Mongoose Publishing. ISBN 978-1-907702-58-7.
  10. ^ "Chronicles: a novel idea". Dragon #91. Vol. IX, no. 6. TSR. November 1984. pp. 44–45. ISSN 0279-6848.
  11. ^ "The History of TSR". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2005.
  12. ^ Hunt, Stephen (January 2002). "Dragon' On". Archived from the original on February 11, 2008. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
  13. ^ "Interview: Screenwriter, George Strayton". Dragonlance movie site. February 22, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2007.
  14. ^ Haring, Scott D. (December 24, 1999). "Second Sight: The Millennium's Best "Other" Game and The Millennium's Most Influential Person". Pyramid (Online). Retrieved February 15, 2008.
  15. ^ "Origins Award Winners (2001) and Hall of Fame Inductees". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
  16. ^ Weis, Margaret (April 23, 2007). "Articles: Dragonlance License". Archived from the original on May 26, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  17. ^ Schroeder, Heather Lee (July 7, 2006). "Literary Lunch". The Capital Times. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2012. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
  18. ^ Hoffer, Christian (October 19, 2020). "Dungeons & Dragons Publisher Sued by Dragonlance Co-Writers Over Scrapped Book Trilogy". Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  19. ^ Hall, Charlie (October 19, 2020). "Dragonlance authors sue Dungeons & Dragons publisher Wizards of The Coast". Polygon. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  20. ^ Beschizza, Rob (October 19, 2020). "Margaret Weis and Tracy Hickman sue Wizards of the Coast after it abandons new Dragonlance trilogy". Boing Boing. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  21. ^ Williams, Scott (October 30, 2020). "Dungeons and Dragons book battle could be worth $10 million". Lake Geneva Regional News. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
  22. ^ Hall, Charlie (January 11, 2021). "Dragonlance authors drop $10M lawsuit against Wizards of the Coast". Polygon. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  23. ^ Hoffer, Christian (December 20, 2020). "Dragonlance Writers End Lawsuit Against Dungeons & Dragons Maker". Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  24. ^ Gilliam, Ryan (January 25, 2021). "New Dragonlance novel trilogy is back on after authors dismiss lawsuit". Polygon. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  25. ^ Hall, Charlie (December 17, 2021). "A new Dragonlance trilogy begins in 2022". Polygon. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  26. ^ Melzer, Jennifer (August 1, 2022). "REVIEW: Dragons of Deceit: Dragonlance Destinies: Volume 1". CBR. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  27. ^ Schedeen, Jesse (July 15, 2022). "Dragons of Deceit - Exclusive Preview of the New Dragonlance Book Trilogy". IGN. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  28. ^ a b Hall, Melissa Mia (June 7, 2004). "Dragon Lady Keeps Flying", Publishers Weekly 251 (23): 23–26.
  29. ^ Margaret Weis (August 2003). Books I'm Reading. Archived from the original on November 19, 2005. Retrieved December 19, 2006.
  30. ^ a b Weis, Margaret; Hickman, Tracy (1999). "An Interview with Margaret Weis and Tracy Hickman". Realms of Dragons: The Universes of Margaret Weis & Tracy Hickman (1st ed.). HarperPrism. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-06-105239-2.
  31. ^ Grey, Ciara. "Interview with Don Perrin and Margaret Weis". Fiction Factor. Retrieved March 24, 2008.

Further reading[edit]

  • "Meet fantasy author Margaret Weis". Inquest. No. 7. November 1995. p. 68-69.

External links[edit]