Margaret Werner Tobien

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Margaret Werner Tobien (1921-1997) was an American woman who survived imprisonment in a gulag, a Siberian labor camp of Stalinist Russia. She escaped and became a mother to Karl Tobien, who later wrote Dancing Under the Red Star about her experience.

Early life[edit]

Tobien was born in 1921 near Detroit, Michigan, and her father worked for Ford Motor Company. When she was 10, Ford moved its location to Russia, and her father was transferred along with some 450 employees from 1930 to 1932.

When she was 17, Tobien's father was arrested and imprisoned in Russia after being convicted on trumped-up charges of treason.[1]Left to survive in the Soviet regime, Tobien and her mother faced years of poverty and near starvation.

It already was a struggle for Tobien and her mother to survive. They made it through years of sorrow, only to then both be accused of the same charges her father faced.[2]

Imprisonment[edit]

In 1943 Tobien was accused of espionage and sentenced to 10 years of hard labor in Stalin's gulag.

The prison went on for 33 years.The work was harsh and people cut their arms off to avoid the labor.[clarification needed] The living conditions killed many prisoners were killed.[3] Tobien and many women found ways to adjust to the cruel conditions they were forced to live through.[4]

Tobien is the only American woman to have survived the harsh imprisonment lifestyle.[5]

Personal life[edit]

After her release from prison, Margaret married Gunter Tobien. Their son, Karl Tobien, was born in 1956 just outside the gulag. He was five years old when he, his mother, and his grandmother returned to the US.

In 1991 Tobien converted to evangelical Christianity.

As Karl grew older he wanted to know about his mother's past. She told him about the cruel conditions she faced. Karl later wrote Dancing Under the Red Star, which told his mother's story.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Log In - ProQuest". ProQuest 235523021. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. ^ Zeigler, Marya (Fall 2007). "Review Work". The Slavic and East European Journal. 51 (3): 639–640. doi:10.2307/20459549. JSTOR 20459549.
  3. ^ Editors, History com. "Gulag". HISTORY. Retrieved 2019-10-24.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ ""A Day in the Life Of…": Women of the Soviet Gulag". The View East. 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  5. ^ "Gale - Product Login". galeapps.gale.com. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  6. ^ Tobien, Karl (2010-04-07). Dancing Under the Red Star: The Extraordinary Story of Margaret Werner, the Only American Woman to Survive Stalin's Gulag. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307550637.