Margaret of Huntingdon, Duchess of Brittany

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Margaret of Huntingdon
Born 1145
Died 1201
Spouse Conan IV, Duke of Brittany
Humphrey III de Bohun, Constable of England
Sir William fitz Patrick de Hertburn
Issue Constance, Duchess of Brittany
Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford
House Dunkeld
Father Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumbria
Mother Ada de Warenne

Margaret of Huntingdon (1145–1201) was a Scottish princess and Duchess of Brittany. She was the sister of two Scottish kings, Malcolm IV and William I, wife of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, and the mother of Constance, Duchess of Brittany. Her second husband was Humphrey de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England. Following her second marriage, Margaret styled herself as the Countess of Hereford.

Family[edit]

Margaret was born in 1145, the second eldest daughter of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria, and Ada de Warenne. In 1152, when she was seven years of age, her father died.

In 1160, Margaret became Duchess of Brittany and Countess of Richmond by marrying her first husband, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond. Margaret's origins and first marriage were deduced by Benedict of Peterborugh who recorded filia sororis regis Scotiae Willelmi comitissa Brittanniae gave birth in 1186 to filium Arturum. Together Conan and Margaret had at least two children:

Margaret's husband died in February 1171, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-six. Shortly before Easter 1171, she married her second husband, Humphrey III de Bohun, Hereditary Constable of England (c. 1155–c. 1181). He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Hereford. Hereafter, she styled herself Countess of Hereford. The marriage produced a son and possibly a daughter:

Margaret's second husband died in late 1181 and she then married the English nobleman Sir William FitzPatrick Hertburn who acquired the lands of Washington in Durham in 1183. This marriage also produced one son:

  • Sir William de Wessington (c. 1183–c. 1239), he married Alice de Lexington by whom he had issue, the Washington

Margaret died in 1201 and was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire. Her third and final husband had died around 1194

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Two charters made by Constance and her son Arthur towards 1200 mention a brother of Constance, William. As a boy, William should have inherited the duchy after Conan. According to Everard, Henry II’s forcing Constance’s father into abdicating in 1166 was meant to prevent any son of the Duke from inheriting the duchy. According to her, the fact that Constance’s brother was called William seems to indicate that he was not an illegitimate son of Conan IV, as William was the name of one of Margaret of Huntingdon’s brothers. (Everard, Judith (2000). Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire, 1158-1203. Cambridge University Press, 2000, p 43).
  2. ^ Margaret of Huntingdon made a donation for the souls of "herself, Duke Conan IV, and 'our boys', or 'our children' (pro salute anime... puerorum... nostrorum). This would seem to be a reference to at least one son of the marriage who did not survive infancy, leaving Constance as heiress in 1166." (Everard and Jones, The Charters of Duchess Constance and Her Family (1171-1221), The Boydell Press, 1999, p 94).
  3. ^ Margaret's charter might then be a reference to Constance and her brother William.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Everard, Judith (2000). Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire, 1158-1203. Cambridge University Press, 2000, p 43
  2. ^ Judith Everard and Michael Jones, The Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and Her Family (1171-1221), The Boydell Press, 1999, pp 93-94
Preceded by
Maud FitzRoy
Duchess consort of Brittany
1160–1166
Succeeded by
Blanche of Navarre
Preceded by
Margaret de Gloucester
Countess of Hereford
1171-1201
Succeeded by
Maud de Mandeville