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In 1944, Rabe applied to the Neustadt camp office at Neustadt-Glewe to be a guard, and was stationed at Ravensbrück concentration camp on November 7, 1944. She immediately began mistreating the female prisoners there, and was infamous in the camp for her brutality. In late November or early December 1944, Rabe was one of several guards to be posted to the Uckermark camp under Ruth Closius. There the young SS Aufseherin helped select women and children for the gas chambers, and also took part in murders and torture (one survivor commented that the SS women in Uckermark were the most brutal of any in the Ravensbrück complex). In April 1945, Rabe fled the Uckermark camp.
At the third Ravensbrück Trial in April 1948, the British court handed her a sentence of life imprisonment. It was estimated that she had selected 3,000 women prisoners for the gas chamber and other execution methods. Rabe was released from prison on February 26, 1954, having served five years and ten months in confinement.
- "Zum Selbstverständnis von Frauen im Konzentrationslager." (PDF). Elektronische Publikationen der TU Berlin. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
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