|Margarita Zavala Gómez de Calderón|
Margarita Zavala, December 2015
|First Lady of Mexico|
December 1, 2006 – November 30, 2012
|Preceded by||Marta Sahagún|
|Succeeded by||Angélica Rivera|
|Member of the
Mexican Chamber of Deputies
by proportional representation
August 29, 2003 – April 01, 2006
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District|
September 15, 1994 – September 14, 1997
|Born||Margarita Ester Zavala Gómez del Campo
25 July 1967
Mexico City, Mexico
|Political party||Partido Acción Nacional|
|Spouse(s)||Felipe Calderón (m. 1993)|
|Children||María, Luis Felipe, Juan Pablo|
|Alma mater||Escuela Libre de Derecho|
Margarita Zavala de Calderón (Spanish pronunciation: [marɣaˈɾita saˈβala]; born Margarita Ester Zavala Gómez del Campo, (born 25 July 1967) is a Mexican lawyer and politician. She is the wife of the former President of Mexico Felipe Calderón and served as the First Lady of Mexico during her husband's tenure.
Margarita Zavala is the fifth of seven siblings: Diego Hildebrando, Mercedes, Pablo, Juan Ignacio, Rafael and Mónica. Her parents, Diego Zavala Pérez and Mercedes Gómez del Campo, were lawyers. She attended the Instituto Asunción, an academy run by nuns. Zavala studied law at the Escuela Libre de Derecho in Mexico City.
Zavala was a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District between 15 September 1994 and 14 September 1997.
Margarita's primary objective in the changing Mexican government was to help her newly elected husband run the educational programs throughout the country.
She was also a high-school teacher at the Instituto Asunción, her alma mater.
Chamber of Deputies
Zavala was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 2003, as part of the LIX Legislature of the Mexican Congress. She was nominated through the National Action Party's list under the principle of proportional representation. She served on three Chamber of Deputies commissions: Commission on Labor and Social Prevention (2003–06), Commission on Justice and Human Rights (2003–06), Commission on National Defense (2003–06). She was also a member on the Law Studies and Parliamentary Investigations Center Committee (2004–06). Additionally, she served as Sub-coordinator of Social Politics of PAN's Parliamentary Group. Zavala resigned in April 2006 to campaign for her husband's 2006 bid for the Mexican presidency.
First Lady of Mexico
As the wife of Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico during 2006-2012, Margarita Zavala was considered "First Lady" although such function is not defined by the legal framework. She is the only wife of a Mexican president to have served in Congress. She served as president of the civic advisory board to the DIF, a government agency that promotes child and family development.
While attending the Guadalajara International Book Fair, she was asked for the three books that impacted her life (commonly asked to presidential candidates), to which she answered: the Bible, The Price of My Soul by Bernadette Devlin and Caudillos culturales en la Revolución Mexicana by Enrique Krauze.
After six years of dating, she married Felipe Calderón in January 1993. They have three children: María (born 1997), Luis Felipe (born 1999) and Juan Pablo (born 2003). Zavala is a devout Catholic.
Orders, awards and recognitions
- Order of Isabel the Catholic, Grand Cross, awarded by King Juan Carlos I of Spain on Felipe Calderón and Margarita Zavala State visit to Spain, June 6, 2008.
- Order of the Dannebrog, Grand Cross, awarded by Queen Margrethe II of Denmark on her state visit to Mexico, February 18, 2008.
- List of First Ladies of Mexico
- List of heads of state of Mexico
- History of Mexico
- Politics of Mexico
- Sefchovich, Sara. "Margarita Zavala, la primera dama que no usaba maquillaje". Milenio. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "Margarita Zavala". El Universal. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "SIL :: Sistema de Información Legislativa-PopUp Legislador". sil.gobernacion.gob.mx. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
- Ferrer, Angélica. "Margarita Zavala: la abogada que desea ser presidenta". Milenio. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- "La progresión de Zavala; sus bonos, más altos que nunca". Excélsior. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
- "Former Mexican First Lady Margarita Zavala announces presidential bid". DW.COM. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Piñón, Alida. ""De aquí hasta la boleta": Margarita Zavala". El Universal. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- Alcauter, Brando. "Las ventajas de ser un Calderón Zavala". Cuna de Grillos. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Castaneira, Susana. "El look de las primeras damas de México". El Economista. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
Margarita Zavala es promotora de los diseñadores mexicanos, uno de sus favoritos es Macario Jiménez, quien se caracteriza por su estilo sobrio. Una de sus prendas predilectas es el rebozo, en diversos eventos tanto nacionales como internacionales gusta de portar esta prenda.
- Berman, Sabina. "La hora de Margarita (¿Y dónde ponemos a Felipe?)". Vanity Fair México. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
|First Lady of Mexico