Marginal sea

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A marginal sea is a division of an ocean, partially enclosed by islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas, adjacent to or widely open to the open ocean at the surface, and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor.

Marginal seas of the world[edit]

Marginal seas of the Atlantic Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Indian Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Southern Ocean:

The Caribbean Sea is sometimes defined as a marginal sea,[1] sometimes as a mediterranean sea.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n James C. F. Wang (1992). Handbook on ocean politics & law. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 14–. ISBN 9780313264344. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (1994). Glossary of the mapping sciences. ASCE Publications. p. 469. ISBN 978-0-7844-0050-0. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Andaman Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica