Marguerite Bellanger

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Marguerite Bellanger
Paul Hadol's caricature of Bellanger toying with Napoleon

Marguerite Bellanger (10 June 1838 - 23 November 1886) was a French stage actress and courtesan. She was a celebrity of contemporary France and known for her relationship with Napoleon III of France. She was often caricatured in contemporary press and is considered to be the model for Émile Zola's Nana. A candy is also named after her.


She was born Julie Lebœuf in Saumur by François Lebœuf and Julie Hanot. She was falsely rumoured to be the illegitimate daughter of a hangman. By age 15, she was a clothes-washer. She later worked as an actress and acrobatic dancer.

She was reputedly the most universally loathed of Napoleon III's mistresses, though perhaps his favorite[1]

She outlived Napoleon's deposal in 1870 and died in 1886 aged 48.


  1. ^ Markham, Felix (1975). The Bonapartes. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 201. ISBN 0-297-76928-6.