Marguerite was born into the locally powerful family of the seigneurs of Oingt in Beaujolais, who became extinct in 1382 for want of male heirs. She joined the Carthusian Order as a nun, and in 1288 became the fourth prioress of Poletains Charterhouse, near Mionnay in the Dombes, founded in 1238 by Marguerite de Bâgé for nuns who wished to live according to the custom of the Carthusians as far as was then thought possible for women. Marguerite d'Oingt was also a well-known mystic of her day, contemporary with Philippe le Bel and Pope Clement V.
Along with Marie de France, Marguerite is one of the first women poets in France of whom any record survives. She habitually wrote in Latin, of which her knowledge was comparable with that of the (male) clerics of the age. Her first work, in Latin, was Pagina meditationum ("Meditations") of 1286.
She also wrote two long texts in Franco-Provençal, the first surviving works in that language: Li Via seiti Biatrix, virgina de Ornaciu, the vita of Blessed Beatrice of Ornacieux, also a Carthusian nun; and Speculum ("The Mirror").
Notes and references
- She is sometimes referred to as Saint Marguerite, but there is no evidence that she was ever canonised.
- of which only one building now remains
- wife of Humbert V of Beaujeu, aka Humbert I des Dombes
- Vatican website: General Audience 3 Nov 2010
- The Writings of Margaret of Oingt, Medieval Prioress and Mystic. Trans., intro., and notes by Renate Blumenfed-Kosinki. Newburyport, MA: Focus Information Group, Inc., 1990.
- Bouvier, Abbé C. (ed.), 1982: La Bienheureuse Béatrix d'Ornacieux, religieuse de Parménie (2nd edn). Montsûrs: Résiac.
- Duraffour, A., Gardette, P. and Durdilly, P. (eds.), 1965: Les Œuvres de Marguerite d'Oingt. Paris, Les Belles Lettres. BNF : notice n° FRBNF33090080
- Guigue M.-C., 1908: Essai sur les causes de la dépopulation de la Dombes et l’origine de ses étangs. Lyon: H. Georg.
- Philipon, E. (ed.), 1877: Œuvres de Marguerite d’Oyngt, prieure de Poleteins, publiées d’après le manuscrit unique de la Bibliothèque de Grenoble with introduction by M.-C. Guigue. Lyon: N. Scheuring. BNF: notice no FRBNF31047406
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