Marhaura

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Marhowrah
मढ़ौरा
Town
Marhowrah is located in Bihar
Marhowrah
Marhowrah
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°58′N 84°52′E / 25.97°N 84.87°E / 25.97; 84.87Coordinates: 25°58′N 84°52′E / 25.97°N 84.87°E / 25.97; 84.87
Country  India
State Bihar
District Saran
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 29,932
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 841418
Lok Sabha constituency Saran
Vidhan Sabha constituency Marhaura

Marhaura (Hindi:मढ़ौरा) is a town and an administrative sub-divisional area in Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.[1] It is Marhaura (Vidhan Sabha constituency).

Geography[edit]

Marhaura is located at 25°58′N 84°52′E / 25.97°N 84.87°E / 25.97; 84.87.[2] It has an average elevation of 52 metres (170 feet).

Demographics[edit]

Marhaura has population of 29,932 of which 15,179 are males while 14,753 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 5015 which is 16.75% of total population of Marhaura (NP). In Marhaura Nagar Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 972 against state average of 918. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Marhaura is around 934 compared to Bihar state average of 935. Literacy rate of Marhaura is 65.24% higher than state average of 61.80%. Male literacy is around 77.35% while female literacy rate is 52.87%.

Marhaura Nagar Panchayat has total administration over 4,934 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Nagar Panchayat limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

History[edit]

The history of Marhaura dates back to Vedic period as the two famous temples situated here have references in sacred Hindu scriptures. In modern period, it was part of British colonization, as old British established factories and buildings are still famous landmarks in the town. The town has a rich industrial history, and more than 3 factories were established, namely Saran Mill, Sugar Factory and Morton Factory. Three of these factories were subsequently closed after the dominance of bad governance in the state of Bihar.

Tourist Attractions[edit]

Gardhdevi Temple, one of the best known temples in the region, is situated in Marhaura. Hundreds of people come on Mondays and Fridays to worship in front of the Goddess. A small fair, with lots of local snacks, toys, household items and cosmetic products, operates on these days. Large crowds gather at the time of the Durga Puja.

Garhdevi Mandir Panorama
Panorama of Garhdevi Mandir, Marhaurah

Rail Diesel Locomotive Engine Factory[edit]

Former Rail Minister Lalu Prasad had proposed a rail diesel engine factory in Marhaura, Saran. The land has been acquired, and construction work is scheduled to start soon, with the contract to develop the factory being awarded to the American company GE.[3][4] Construction work of diesel engines has started and boundary and land filling work is going on.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Saran Marhaura" (PDF). 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Marhaura
  3. ^ GE to make 900 locomotives in Bihar: The Telegraph
  4. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1160728/jsp/frontpage/story_99195.jsp#.V6VF89J97IV