Maria Beatrice of Savoy

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Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg
Portrait by Adeodata Malatesta
Duchess consort of Modena and Reggio
Tenure14 July 1814 – 15 September 1840
Born(1792-12-06)6 December 1792
Turin, Piedmont-Sardinia
Died15 September 1840(1840-09-15) (aged 47)
Castello del Catajo, Lombardy-Venetia
Francis IV, Duke of Modena (m. 1812–1840)
; her death
Full name
Italian: Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina
FatherVictor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
MotherMaria Theresa of Austria-Este
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Maria Beatrice of Savoy (Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina; 6 December 1792 – 15 September 1840) was a Princess of Savoy and Duchess of Modena by marriage.


She was the eldest daughter of Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta and his wife Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. Her father became King of Sardinia unexpectedly in 1802 when Charles Emmanuel IV abdicated.

Her maternal grandparents were Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este. Ferdinand was the third son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. Maria Beatrice was the eldest daughter of Ercole III d'Este and Maria Theresa, Princess of Carrara.

In December 1798, Maria Beatrice left Turin with her parents and uncles due to French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. They fled to Parma, then Florence. They finally settled at Sardinia, the last dominion held by Kingdom of Sardinia, for refuge. Maria Beatrice spent most of her time at Cagliari in later 13 years.

On 20 June 1812, Maria Beatrice married her maternal uncle Francis, Archduke of Austria-Este; the couple received a special dispensation for their marriage from Pope Pius VII. Maria Beatrice's husband became Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola on 14 July 1814, making Maria Beatrice Duchess of Modena. They were parents to four children:

The couple left Sardinia on 15 July 1813 for Zakynthos Island, and then sailed to Trieste off the east shore of Adriatic Sea, finally reached Vienna by land. On the invasion of Joachim Murat during The Hundred Days, they fled Modena until 15 May 1815.

Due to the outbreak of a revolution Maria Beatrice had to fled Modena again with her family on 5 February 1831, but with Austrian military help her family was able to return in the year.

Maria Beatrice died of a heart condition on 15 September 1840 at Castello del Catajo. Her remains were kept in the Chiesa di San Vincenzo in Modena.

Maria Beatrice was a Lady of the (Austrian) Order of the Starry Cross.

Through her father, she inherited the Jacobite claim to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, but like other non-Stuart pretenders, she never asserted her claim. Had she gained the throne she would have been Mary III & II.[1]



  1. ^ Mary III & II and Mary IV & III were numbered in such a way because some Jacobites regard Elizabeth I of England as illegitimate, and therefore consider Mary, Queen of Scots, to have been the rightful Queen Mary II of England from the death of Mary I

External links[edit]

Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Born: 6 December 1792 Died: 15 September 1840
Preceded by
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
Reason for succession failure:
Glorious Revolution
Succeeded by
Francis V of Modena