Maria Chin Abdullah
Maria Chin Abdullah
ماريا چين بنت عبدالله
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament|
for Petaling Jaya
|Assumed office |
10 May 2018
|Preceded by||Hee Loy Sian (PKR)|
|Chairwoman of Bersih 2.0|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Shahrul Aman Mohd Saari|
Mary Chin Cheen Lian
1956 (age 64–65)
|Political party||PKR (2018-)|
|Spouse(s)||Yunus Ali (1992-2010)|
|Children||3 sons; Azumin Mohamad Yunus, Aziman Maria and Azemi Maria.|
|Occupation||Politician, Social Activist|
Maria Chin binti Abdullah (Jawi: ماريا چين بنت عبدالله; born 1956 in United Kingdom) also known as Mary Chin Cheen Lian (simplified Chinese: 陈清莲; traditional Chinese: 陳清蓮; pinyin: Chén Qīnglián) is a Malaysian Member of Parliament for Petaling Jaya constituency and activist who held the Bersih rally and formed the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections 2.0 (Bersih 2.0) non-governmental organisation. She is a women and human rights activist in Malaysia and became chairwoman of Bersih 2.0 from 2013 until 2018. She was the founder member and former chairperson of All Women's Action Society (AWAM). She was also the former executive director of Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (Empower).
Maria met Mohamad Yunus bin Lebai Ali, a Malaysian student activist of the 1970s. Yunus Ali was in exile and was a former Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) freedom fighter. In 1987 Yunus Ali was detained as a result of Operation Lalang, where the Internal Security Act was used against 106 other social activists and politicians. They were married in 1992, three years after Yunus was released in 1989. Maria converted to Islam then. Yunus died in 2010 from lupus. The couple has three sons, namely, Azumin Mohamad Yunus, Aziman Maria and Azemi Maria.
On 18 November 2016, the Royal Malaysian Police arrested Maria under the Security Offences, Special Measures Act (SOSMA), which allows the Malaysian police to detain a person for 28 days before filing any charge. She was released on 28 November 2016 after 11 days in detention.
The US government has criticised her detention in a permanently-lit isolation confinement cell, saying that the US government is "troubled by the ongoing detention and solitary confinement of Maria Chin Abdullah under national security laws". She was detained the day before massive public protests against the Malaysian federal government head of Najib Razak for widespread corruption allegation involving a US$4 billion state fund scandal.
In March 2018, she announced her decision to leave her post in Bersih 2.0 and contest as an independent parliamentary candidate under the Pakatan Harapan (PH) banner. Later that month, she announced that she would contest under the PKR party banner, with then-party-vice-president Nurul Izzah Anwar welcoming her as "part of the PKR family". In the subsequent 2018 general election, she won the Petaling Jaya constituency with 78,984 votes against Barisan Nasional's Chew Hian Tat (21,847) and Gagasan Sejahtera's Noraini Hussin (14,448).
|Year||Pakatan Harapan||Votes||Pct||Opponent(s)||Votes||Pct||Ballots cast||Majority||Turnout|
|2018||Maria Chin Abdullah (PKR)||78,984||68.52%||Chew Hian Tat (MCA)||21,847||18.95%||116,597||57,137||82.74%|
|Noraini Hussin (PAS)||14,448||12.53%|
- Boo Su-Lyn (6 March 2016). "10 things about: Maria Chin Abdullah, social activist". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- "100 memorable Malaysian women". The Star. 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- Amin Iskandar (24 October 2017). "Out of Ops Lalang's weeds love blossomed". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Zurairi AR (23 November 2016). "IGP: Sosma used on Maria to counter OSF". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Nash Jenkins. "Who Is the Woman at the Heart of Malaysia's Anti-Corruption Protests?". Time. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Bersih co-chair Maria Chin Abdullah freed from detention". Channel NewsAsia. 28 November 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- David Brunnstrom; A. Ananthalakshmi; Toby Chopra (23 November 2016). "U.S. says troubled over arrest of Malaysian activist under security law". Reuters. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- Haikal Jalil (6 March 2018). "Maria Chin offers herself as independent candidate under PH banner (Updated)". The Sun. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Kaur, Minderjeet (23 March 2018). "Maria Chin to contest under PKR banner in GE14". Free Malaysia Today (FMT). Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
- "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
- "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.