Maria Gaidar

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Maria Gaidar
Мария Гайдар
Maria Gaidar.jpg
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg Adviser to President of Ukraine
Assumed office
28 Marth 2017
President Petro Poroshenko
Deputy of the Odessa oblast of the council
In office
30 May 2015 – 11 Juny 2018
Vice-Governor of Odessa Oblast
In office
17 July 2015 – 10 May 2016
President Petro Poroshenko
Governor Mikheil Saakashvili
Deputy governor of Kirov Oblast
In office
23 July 2009 – 8 June 2011
President Dmitry Medvedev
Governor Nikita Belykh
Personal details
Born Maria Yegorovna Smirnova
(1982-10-21) 21 October 1982 (age 35)
Moscow, Russia
Parents Yegor Gaidar (deceased)
Irina Smirnova
Occupation politician

Maria Yegorovna Gaidar (Russian: Мари́я Его́ровна Гайда́р; 1990–2004 Smirnova (Russian: Смирно́ва);[1] born 21 October 1982, Moscow) — Russian and Ukrainian state and public figure, politician. Deputy of the Odessa regional council from 30 May 2015. She has been external adviser to President of Ukraine since 28 March 2017.[2]

In the past, Advisor to the Chairman of the Odessa regional state administration in Social protection and health (2015[3][4] — 2016), then the Deputy head of administration of Odessa region on social issues (January — may 2016). The founder of the Fund of social support of population, "Social demand"[5] on 16 July 2015a – head of the Fund,[6]. The Deputy Prime Minister of the Kirov region of Russia (2009—2011).[7]

Personal life[edit]

Maria Gaidar was born to a prominent political and literary family of Russian and Jewish descent. She is the daughter of former Russian Prime Minister, Yegor Gaidar.[8] On her paternal side, she is a granddaughter of Soviet admiral Timur Gaidar, daughter of Leah Lazarevna Solomyanskaya and a great-granddaughter of famous Soviet writers Arkady Gaidar and Pavel Bazhov. Through Arkady Gaidar, she is a descendant of Russian aristocratic Salkova family. Through the Salkova family, she is a descendant of Mikhail Lermontov. She is step-daughter of the daughter of writer Arkady Strugatsky. Maria's parents divorced in 1985, three years after she was born. Gaidar stayed with her mother, Irina Smirnova. In 1991 the family moved to Cochabamba, Bolivia, where they lived for five years. In 1996 she returned to Moscow.

In 2000 she entered and in 2005 graduated summa cum laude from the Academy of National Economy under the Government of the Russian Federation.[9][10]

Gaidar is fluent in English, German, Spanish and her native Russian.[11][12] In 2011, she was admitted to Harvard University for a Mid-Career Masters in Public Administration, where she studied for 8 months.[13] In 2014 she graduated from Kutafin Moscow State Law University.[10]


In Russia[edit]

Gaidar was one of the leaders of The Other Russia organization and Union of Right Forces party. She has been a fierce critic of Putin's government and has been briefly detained for involvement in peaceful dissenters' marches and for placing a propaganda poster under a bridge using mountaineering gear.[14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21] Commenting on her arrests, she said that "Politics is becoming more dangerous. I think this is a message people want to put across – if you come to such an event, then you are risking your life".[22] During the 2008 Russian presidential election, Gaidar produced numerous video materials in which Vladimir Putin was depicted as the anti-Christ leading the world to a nuclear apocalypse.[23]

In February 2009, Gaidar became an advisor to the new governor of Kirov Oblast, Nikita Belykh, and on 23 July she was confirmed as a deputy governor in Kirov Oblast.[24] She had previously stated that Nikita Belykh had "sold his soul to the devil" when he accepted the post as governor from president Dmitry Medvedev.[25] In June 2011, Gaidar announced that she would resign as adviser due to her admission to Harvard University.[13] In December 2012, she became an adviser to Moscow Vice-Major for Social Problems Leonid Pechatnikov (ru).[26] In November 2013, she left the Government of Moscow to work for the charity Sotsialny Zapros (social query) created by her.[27][28] In 2015, she threatened to renounce her Russian citizenship, planning to become an Israeli citizen under the Law of Return and to move to Israel.[29] However, she subsequently said that she wished to retain her Russian citizenship, and to keep three citizenships – Russian, Ukrainian and Israeli.[30]

In Ukraine[edit]

On 17 July 2015, Gaidar accepted an offer from Mikheil Saakashvili and became a vice-governor of Odessa Oblast in Ukraine.[31][32] Her practical work has been as a fixer combating fraud and ensuring that vital social functions run smoothly.[33] She received Ukrainian citizenship on 4 August 2015.[34][35][36] This she described in September 2015 as "It didn't feel good at all....But for me to be here, now, and to be here completely, it's important."[33] A few days after her appointment Gaidar stated she wants to retain her Russian citizenship, adding "In the future I hope that Russia will be a democratic country and it will be possible to go back and work there."[37] Ukrainian law prohibits dual citizenship and only Ukrainian citizens can serve as appointed public officials.[37] Gaidar has indicated she would be willing to serve on Saakashvili's team as an adviser or volunteer (functions open to foreigners).[37]

The Russian establishment[which?] criticized Gaidar's decision; controversial Russian politician Vitaly Milonov requested an investigation of Maria Gaidar for high treason,[38] the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, proposed forbidding Gaidar from returning to Russia,[39] while Russia's Commissioner for Human Rights Ella Pamfilova announced that the Russian government would freeze grants to Gaidar's charity Sotsialny Zapros.[37][40] Sotsialny Zapros itself stated that Gaidar had already stepped down as the organization's head the previous week and that the NGO had voluntarily and formally already refused all government grants.[37]

In the October 2015 Odessa regional election Gaidar was elected into the Odessa Oblast parliament for Petro Poroshenko Bloc.[41][42] Gaidar resigned as deputy governor after a new law barring a regional lawmaker being simultaneously a civil servant took effect on 1 May 2016.[42] Gaidar resigned her seat in Odessa Oblast's legislature on 10 June 2018, the assembly unannounced on June 12 that it had relieved Gaidar of her duties as a lawmaker at her request.[43]

On 5 April 2017 Gaidar was appointed an adviser of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.[44]


  1. ^ "Гайдар, Мария". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  2. ^ "Maria Gaidar became an adviser to Poroshenko". 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  3. ^ Maria Gaidar became Vice-Governor of the Odessa region // VEDOMOSTI
  4. ^ "Мария Гайдар — одесский привет Кремлю". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  5. ^ Moscow Police thwarted a rally for free Parking. // Rosbizneskonsalting, on 19 October 2014.
  6. ^ Maria Gaidar left the Fund "Social demand" // RBC, 20 July 2015.
  7. ^ "the website of the Government of the Kirov region". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  8. ^ Daughters of two Putin opponents take on Kremlin, The Sunday Times, 7 August 2005, by Mark Franchetti
  9. ^ "Гайдар в тройке СПС" (28 August 2007). APN. 
  10. ^ a b "Биография Марии Гайдар". RIA Novosti. 19 July 2015. 
  11. ^ Мария Гайдар биография, фото – узнай всё! Archived 19 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Гайдар, Мария: Российский политик-либерал //
  13. ^ a b m_gaidar8 июня, 2011. "Weblog of Maria Gaidar". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  14. ^ Eye on Russia: Guests CNN 29 June 2007
  15. ^ Kasparov arrested in Moscow by Megan K. Stack, LA Times
  16. ^ Dissenters Crushed by Ekaterina Savina and Andrei Kozenko Archived 19 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Kommersant
  17. ^ Last samurais without Khakamada by Sergei Mulin Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Novaya Gazeta
  18. ^ Two election law protesters detained near Kremlin Sputnik News 23 November 2006
  19. ^ Putin critics, fans battle on the Internet, The Daily Telegraph[dead link]
  20. ^ To Dismay of Some, Bush Takes Gentler Approach Toward Putin, The Washington Post
  21. ^ Jon Skillings When computers write obits by Jonathan Skillings CNET 13 December 2006
  22. ^ Parties start media battle ahead of elections, Russia Today 6 November 2007
  23. ^ Путин – антихрист? on YouTube
  24. ^ "Мария Гайдар утверждена заместителем губернатора Кировской области". Kommersant. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  25. ^ "Oppositionist politician is new governor of Kirov Region". Russia Today. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2008. [dead link]
  26. ^ "М.Гайдар реализует в системе здравоохранения Москвы кировский опыт". RBC. 28 December 2012. 
  27. ^ "Мария Гайдар ушла из правительства Москвы". Lenta. 5 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "О фонде". Sotsialny Zapros. 
  29. ^ Мария Гайдар отказалась от российского гражданства 7 August 2015, NTV
  30. ^ [Зачем Марии Гайдар сразу три гражданства]
  31. ^ "Controversial Russian politician named deputy in Ukraine". Agence France-Presse. 19 July 2015. 
  32. ^ "Мария Гайдар стала вице-губернатором Одесской области" (17 July 2015). Kommersant. 
  33. ^ a b Sally McGrane (4 September 2015). "Maria Gaidar, a Scion of a Famous Russian Family, Switches Loyalty to Ukraine". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 September 2015. Things like an online listing of available kindergarten spots to eliminate the hefty bribes parents now pay, and keeping the electricity running in Soviet-era sanitariums housing disabled refugees from war-torn eastern Ukraine. 
  34. ^ "Мария Гайдар получила гражданство Украины". Meduza. 4 August 2015. 
  35. ^ "Мария Гайдар попросила предоставить ей украинское гражданство". Gazeta. 17 July 2015. 
  36. ^ "Мария Гайдар объяснила свой выбор в пользу Украины". Dozhd. 18 July 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Divisions Revealed as Kremlin Critic Moves to Work for Ukraine Government, The Moscow Times (20 July 2015)
  38. ^ "Милонов попросил проверить Гайдар на госизмену". Lenta. 18 July 2015. 
  39. ^ "Жириновский: Верная дочь Гайдара закончит уборщицей на одесском рынке". REN TV. 18 July 2015. 
  40. ^ "Памфилова заморозит выделение фонду Марии Гайдар 3 млн рублей". Vedomosti. 20 July 2015. 
  41. ^ "Новости Украины. Последние новости за сегодня онлайн". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  42. ^ a b All RFE/RL sites (2016-05-10). "Gaidar Resigns As Acting Deputy Governor Of Odesa Region". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 
  43. ^ All RFE/RL sites (2018-06-12). "Maria Gaidar Resigns As Lawmaker In Ukraine's Odesa Region". Retrieved 2018-06-13. 
  44. ^ All RFE/RL sites (2017-04-05). "Ukrainian President Appoints Gaidar As Adviser". Retrieved 2017-08-23. 

External links[edit]