|Member of the European Parliament|
|Assumed office |
1 July 2014
|Romanian Minister of Small and Medium Enterprises, Commerce and Business Environment|
21 December 2012 – 5 March 2014
|Prime Minister||Victor Ponta|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
December 2012 – 25 March 2014
|Succeeded by||Florică Bîrsășteanu|
|Born||7 November 1954|
|Political party||PPU (2020–present)|
|PC (2006–2015) |
|Alma mater||Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iași|
|Profession||Businesswoman, textile engineer|
Maria Grapini (born 7 November 1954) is a Romanian businesswoman and politician. She served as the Deputy Minister in the Second Ponta cabinet. Since 2014, Grapini has been a Member of the European Parliament for the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
Early life and education
Grapini held various positions at the Garofita Textile Enterprise in Timișoara until 1989. Between 1995 and 2012, she was the president of the Council of Administration and general manager of Pasmatex. She also served as the president of the Council of Administration of SC Pasmatex Conf International SA from 1998 to 2012.
Grapini was the president of both the Women Entrepreneurs Association of Romania and the Light Industry Employers Federation. She was a member of the National Council of Exporters and Honorary Consul of India in Romania.
Between 2006 and 2015, Grapini was the vice president of the Conservative Party (PC). In June 2015, Grapini announced her resignation from the party. She accused PC President Daniel Constantin of seizing the party and being responsible for its disappearance following the decision of unifying it with the Liberal Reformist Party. A month later, Grapini joined the Humanist Power Party.
In 2012, Grapini was elected as the deputy of the 37th constituency at Timiș County. On 19 December 2012, she was appointed as the Minister for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Business and Tourism Environment in the Second Ponta cabinet. In January 2014, the PC announced Grapini's resignation from the position due to her candidacy in the 2014 European Parliament election. She later resigned from Parliament for the same reason.
In 2019, Grapini was the recipient of the Internal Market & Consumer Protection Award at the annual MEP Awards of The Parliament Magazine. She was re-elected at the 2019 European Parliament election in Romania. Although not officially registered with the party, Grapini was the sixth candidate on the PSD list.
Grapini has published four books. The first was published in 2011 and contains interviews that Grapini had over time at Radio Timișoara. In 2012, she published a novel, Viața, între scrieri și trans-scrieri, which contained a critical presentation signed by Cornel Ungureanu. In an investigation published by Recorder, journalist Mihai Voinea showed that the novel contained several fragments copied from Wikipedia.
Grapini has attracted media criticism due to her frequent spelling and punctuation mistakes in her Facebook account. In July 2015, a website named Grapinizer was launched, allowing users to convert grammatically correct Romanian language text into her writing style: "[it] adds redundant commas, changes the order of letters within words, and removes blanks spaces after punctuation marks."
In August 2018, Grapini appealed to the National Council for Combating Discrimination due to a Facebook message. In the message, she offended the Romanian diaspora at an anti-government rally in the Victory Square, saying they had to "pay dumb taxes for the USR". Later, Grapini said she disagreed with the statement and explained why she distributed the message:
I distributed to see that not all of the diaspora has the same point of view. A diaspora lady posted this. I posted one single time, without making any comments. My message is that no one can pretend to represent the entire diaspora.
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- I. Roșca (3 April 2017). "Partidul Mariei Grapini, rupt din fostul PC al lui Dan Voiculescu, s-ar putea reactiva; este posibilă o fuziune cu ALDE condus de Tăriceanu, fără Daniel Constantin – surse". HotNews.ro. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
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- Maria Tufan (27 March 2019). "Misterul transferului Mariei Grapini la PSD: "E pe lista noastră − și, cu asta, gata!"". PressOne. Archived from the original on 20 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Gheorghe Miron (14 October 2017). "Mărturisiri – a patra carte lansată de europarlamentarul Maria Grapini". Ziua de Vest. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Mihai Voinea (19 July 2017). "Maria Grapini a scris un roman de dragoste cu pasaje copiate de pe Wikipedia". Recorder. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Ion Spânu (24 July 2017). "O nouă impostoare în literatură: Maria Grapini, cea care plagiază de pe Wikipedia". Cotidianul. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Liliana Micu (23 July 2015). "Grapinizer, aplicația online care vă "corectează" textele după modelul Maria Grapini". Mediafax. Archived from the original on 20 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Maria Grapini, reclamată la CNCD pentru mesajul anti-diaspora". Digi24. 9 August 2018. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Grapini explică distribuirea mesajului injurios pe Facebook". Știrile Pro TV. 9 August 2018. Archived from the original on 20 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
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