Maria Jarema

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Maria Jarema
Maria Jarema Polish sculptor.jpg
Maria Jaremianka

(1908-11-24)24 November 1908
Died1 November 1958(1958-11-01) (aged 49)
EducationJan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts
Known forpainting, sculpture
Notable work
Penetracje (Penetrations)
Rytmy (Rhythms)
Formy (Forms)
Głowy (Heads)
Spouse(s)Kornel Filipowicz

Maria Jarema (24 November 1908 – 1 November 1958) was a Polish painter, sculptor, scenographer and actress.

Life and career[edit]

She was born on 24 November 1908 in Staryi Sambir (Polish: Stary Sambor) in the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. In the years 1929–1935, she studied sculpture at the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, under supervision of Xawery Dunikowski. In 1930, she co-founded the avant-garde, radical left Kraków Group.[1]

Before the outbreak of World War II, she mostly dealt with sculpture but after the war she focused on painting. Her works were mainly abstract paintings. Since 1951, she created monotypes. Using this printmaking technique and sometimes combining it with oil paints and distemper, she created her most famous cycles of paintings – Penetracje ("Penetrations") and Rytmy ("Rhythms"). Her works show a great fascination with the human shape and its place in space as well as the depiction of movement in painting. Balancing between figurative displays and abstract signs is also a distinctive feature of her paintings. She was one of the founders of the avant-garde theatre Cricot (1933–1938) alongside Józef Jarema, Henryk Gotlib and Zbigniew Pronaszko. She is also known for her artistic collaboration with Tadeusz Kantor and his experimental theatre Cricot 2 as well as Adam Polewka's puppet theatre.[2][3] Her paintings have been exhibited in a number of museums in Poland including the Zachęta National Gallery of Art.[4]

In 2018, her painting Formy ("Forms") was sold at an auction for over 1 million zloty (ca. $270,000), which made it the most expensive painting by a female artist sold in Poland at the time.[5]

Personal life[edit]

She was a sister of painter Józef Jarema and actor Władysław Jarema – the founder of the Groteska Theatre in Kraków. She married novelist and short story writer Kornel Filipowicz.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Maria Jarema". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Maria Jarema". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Maria Jarema". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  4. ^ "MARIA JAREMA. MALARSTWO, RZEŹBA". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Ponad milion złotych za obraz Marii Jaremy na aukcji sztuki kobiet". Retrieved 15 September 2018.