|Alternative names||Maria Jelínková|
November 16, 1942 |
|Height||5 ft 7.5 in (1.71 m)|
|Former partner||Otto Jelinek|
|Former coach||Bruce Hyland|
|Skating club||Oakville Skating Club|
Maria Jelinek (birth name Maria Jelínková; born November 16, 1942) is a Canadian former pair skater. With her brother Otto Jelinek, she is the 1962 World champion, the 1961 North American champion, and 1961–1962 Canadian national champion. They represented Canada at the 1960 Winter Olympics, where they placed 4th.
Maria Jelinek currently resides in Oakville, Ontario.
The Jelineks trained at the Oakville Skating Club. In 1955, they became the Canadian national champions at the junior level and took silver at the senior level the following year. In 1957, the pair won the silver medal at the North American Championships and the first of their four World Championship medals, a bronze. After taking bronze again in 1958, they finished just off the World podium in 1959 and then won silver in 1960. They placed fourth at the 1960 Winter Olympics held at Squaw Valley near Lake Tahoe, California. Preparing for the Olympic competition, the Jelineks put together a complex and difficult routine involving several lifts, lasting five minutes. Shortly before their trip to Squaw Valley, they still struggled to complete their routine. Their coaches asked for help from Wilfrid Shute, MD, cardiologist and prominent advocate for vitamin E nutrition. Dr. Shute's daughter also trained at the Oakville Skating Club and had the same coaches as did the Jelineks. Dr. Shute prescribed 1600 international units of vitamin E daily for the Jelineks. That enabled them to complete their routine easily and perform it at Squaw Valley — at 6200 feet (1900 meters) elevation— without resorting to oxygen masks.
After placing second four times, the Jelineks won their first Canadian senior title in 1961. The pair had a bad fall a day before the North American Championships, resulting in a concussion to Otto and a large gash in Maria's thigh, however, they competed and won gold. They decided to compete at the 1961 World Championships to be hosted by Prague, despite the risk to citizens who had fled. After the International Skating Union threatened to change the host, the Czechoslovak government resolved the dispute by stripping the pair's citizenship. The competition, however, was cancelled due to the Sabena Flight 548 crash which killed the entire U.S. team. The Jelineks had planned to travel with the Americans to Prague but missed the flight because they were waiting for their coach, Bruce Hyland, whose wife was about to give birth.
The Jelineks won the national title again in 1962 and went on to win gold at the 1962 World Championships in their city of birth.
The Jelineks retired from competition later in 1962, and toured professionally with Ice Capades. They were inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1962 and into the Skate Canada Hall of Fame in 1994.
with Otto Jelinek
|North American Champ.||2nd||1st|
|Canadian Championships||1st J.||2nd||2nd||2nd||2nd||1st||1st|
|J. = Junior level|
- Meet the Champions, Skating magazine, April 1961
- "Maria Jelinek". Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 25, 2009.
- Shute, Wilfrid, M.D. Your Child and Vitamin E. Keats Publishing, 1979, p. 110.
- Duffy, Bob (December 31, 2000). "Twists of fate". The Boston Globe.
- People, Skating magazine, November 1962
- "Skate Canada Results Book - Volume 1 - 1896–1973" (PDF). Skate Canada. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 29, 2011.
- "Canadian National Championships Medalists" (PDF). Skate Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 20, 2009.
- "Maria Jelinek". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
- "World Figure Skating Championships Results: Pairs medalists" (PDF). International Skating Union. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 5, 2013.
- Beverley Smith, Figure Skating: A Celebration. ISBN 0-7710-2819-9.
- "Otto & Maria Jelinek - Ice Capades of 1965," video