Maria Magnani Noya

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Maria Magnani Noya
Maria Magnani Noya.jpg
Mayor of Turin
In office
July 20, 1987 – July 30, 1990
PresidentFrancesco Cossiga
Preceded byGiorgio Cardetti
Succeeded byValerio Zanone
Vice-President of the European Parliament
In office
January 13, 1992 – July 18, 1994
PresidentEgon Klepsch
Personal details
Born(1931-10-24)24 October 1931
Genoa, Italy
Died9 December 2011(2011-12-09) (aged 80)
Turin, Italy
NationalityItalian
Political partyItalian Socialist Party
EducationBA in Law

Maria Magnani Noya (October 24, 1931 – December 9, 2011) was an Italian lawyer, politician, and former Member of European Parliament. She was the first female mayor of Turin from 1987 to 1990. Noya was a Vice-President of the European Parliament in the Third European Parliament from 1992 to 1994.

Early life and education[edit]

Maria Magnani Noya was born on October 24, 1931 in Genoa.[1] Prior to becoming a politician, she earned her Bachelors of Arts in law, becoming a lawyer.[2]

Career[edit]

Italian Government[edit]

From April 1980 – June 1981, Noya acted as Undersecretary of Industry, Commerce and Craftmanship in both Francesco Cossiga's second cabinet and Arnaldo Forlani's first cabinet.[3] She then acted as an Undersecretary of Health from June 1981 – December 1982 under Giovanni Spadolini's first and second cabinets.[4][5] From December 1982 – August 1983, Noya served as Undersecretary of Education in Amintore Fanfani's fifth cabinet.[6]

Mayor of Turin[edit]

Noya was elected mayor by Turin city council on 20 June 1987.[7] Her victory certified her as the first female Mayor of Turin[8] and the second female mayor in Italy,[7] following Elda Pucci [it] of Palermo in 1983.

During the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy, Noya asked FIFA to swap the locations of the two semi-final games between England and West Germany, which was set to take place in Turin, and Italy and Argentina, which was set to take place in Milan. She feared English football fans in the city, five years after the Heysel Stadium disaster, where thirty-nine spectators died prior to the 1985 European Cup Final between Juventus and Liverpool F.C..[9] FIFA declined to change the venues citing local police's heavy presence around the stadium[10] and the lack of anticipation of a major incident.[11]

Her term ended in July 1990 after the election of Valerio Zanone.[12]

Member of European Parliament[edit]

Noya was elected as a Member of European Parliament in the 1989 European Parliament elections for North-West Italy.[13][14]

In January 1992, the European Parliament elected Noya to be one of fourteen Vice-President of the European Parliament on the first round of voting, alongside President Egon Klepsch.[15] Her term ended in July 1994 prior to the session that elected Klaus Hänsch.

Later life and death[edit]

Noya celebrated her eightieth birthday at the Sala Rossa along with numerous mayors and councillors, including former mayors Piero Fassino, Diego Novelli, and Valentino Castellani.[16] On December 9, 2011, Noya died at the age of 80 in Turin, Italy. Her funeral was held at 2:00 p.m. in the commune of Rosazza.[17] The Associazione Nazionale Donne Elettrici (ANDE) set up a scholarship in honor of Noya.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "E' morta Maria Magnani Noya primo sindaco donna di Torino". Torino – La Repubblica (in Italian). Turin. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Addio alla Magnani, "sindaco coraggio"". Lospiffero. Turin. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  3. ^ "La Camera dei Deputati – MAGNANI NOYA Maria". Legislature Precedenti (in Italian). Rome. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  4. ^ "I ministri dal 1943 ad oggi". Ministero della Salute (in Italian). Rome. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Addio a Maria Magnani Noya Primo sindaco donna di Torino". Giornale Radio Rai (in Italian). Turin. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Governo Fanfani V". Governo Italiano (in Italian). Rome: Governo Italiano Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri. 20 November 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b Tropea, Salvatore (12 July 1987). "MARIA MAGNANI NOYA SARA' IL SINDACO DI TORINO". la Repubblica (in Italian). Turin. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  8. ^ Alano, Jomarie (2016). A Life of Resistance: Ada Prospero Marchesini Gobetti (1902–1968). New York: University of Rochester Press. p. 252. ISBN 9781580465724. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  9. ^ Culpepper, Chuck (4 July 2018). "The World Cup final will include one of these teams – England, Croatia, Sweden, Russia. Really". The Washington Post. St. Petersburg. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  10. ^ Lisi, Clemente A. (2019). A History of the World Cup: 1930–2018. p. 240. ISBN 9781538108338. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  11. ^ Harvey, Randy (3 July 1990). "They're Worried About Revenge in Turin : Soccer: Fans remember 1985 riot in Brussels. Mayor had asked to have England-West Germany game moved to Naples". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  12. ^ Veli, Gino Li (7 January 2016). "Lunedì a Torino i funerali laici di Zanone, ministro e sindaco liberale per un anno e mezzo". Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  13. ^ "CEDAW/C/ITA/2 – CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 18 OF THE CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN; ITALY". United Nations. 1 November 1996. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  14. ^ European Union Directorate-General for Information and Public Relations – Publications and Briefings Division (13 July 1989). "European Election Results 1989" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh Archive of European Integration. p. 27. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Election of the President of the European Parliament". European Parliament. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  16. ^ "In Sala Rossa gli 80 anni di Maria Magnani Noya , primo Sindaco donna di Torino". SpazioTorino. Turin: Citta di Torino. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  17. ^ Borghesan, Luciano (10 December 2011). "Addio a Maria Magnani Noyaprimo sindaco donna di Torino". La Stampa (in Italian). Turin. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Conferimento lauree in memoria di Nicoletta Casiraghi e Maria Magnani Noya "". ANDE Torino (in Italian). Turin. Retrieved 26 May 2019.