Maria Pellegrina Amoretti

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Maria Pellegrina Amoretti
Maria Pellegrina Amoretti
Born(1756-05-12)12 May 1756
Died12 November 1787(1787-11-12) (aged 31)

Maria Pellegrina Amoretti (12 May 1756 – 12 November 1787), was an Italian lawyer. She is referred to as the first woman to graduate in law in Italy, and the third woman to earn a degree.


Amoretti was born on 12 May 1756 in Oneglia.[1] She was the niece of Carlo Amoretti.[2] When she was 20 (in 1777), she became a Doctor of Laws, at the University of Pavia, where Columbus was educated.[3] She also received a degree in philosophy from the university.[4]

Amoretti initially applied to the University of Turin, but was rejected because she was a woman, and her graduation from the University of Pavia in 1777 is considered by historian Giulio Natali to be the “most famous graduation of the eighteenth century.”[4]

Though Amoretti died at the age of thirty, she left a manuscript on dowry laws, specifically on marriage in Roman law,[5] which was published posthumously in 1788 by a relative, Carlo Amoretti.[4]

She died on 12 November 1787 in Oneglia.[1]

Published works[edit]

  • Amoretti, Mariae Peregrinae (1788). De iure dotium apud Romanos liber singularis (in Latin). Milan.


  1. ^ a b Constantin von Wurzbach: "Amoretti, Maria Pellegrina." In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (Biographical Lexicon of the Empire of Austria).  Part 1 Universitäts-Buchdruckerei L. C. Zamarski (formerly J. P. Sollinger), Vienna 1856, p. 32 (digitalised).
  2. ^ Oettinger, Edouard-Marie (1869). Biographisch-genealogisch-historisches Welt-Register enthaltend die Personal-Akten der Menschheit (in German). Leipzig: Ludwig Denicke. p. 22.
  3. ^ Wagner-Fisher, Mary A. E. (1877). "Wise Women of the East". Appletons' Journal. Vol. III (New Series). pp. 311–316.
  4. ^ a b c Giuli, Paola (2003). "Women Poets and Improvisers: Cultural Assumptions and Literary Values in Arcadia". Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture. 32 (1): 69–92. doi:10.1353/sec.2010.0218. ISSN 1938-6133. S2CID 145263735.
  5. ^ Hunt, Margaret (2010). "Taking an Interest in Women's Legal Rights". Women in Eighteenth Century Europe. New York: Routledge. pp. 64–70. ISBN 9780582308657.