|Native name||Μαρία Πέτρου|
|Born||17 May 1953
|Died||15 October 2012
|Occupation||Professor of Image Analysis, Surrey University (1998–2005);
Chair of Signal Processing, Imperial College London (2006–2012)
|Known for||Artificial intelligence research|
|Spouse(s)||Phil L. Palmer|
Maria Petrou FREng (Greek: Μαρία Πέτρου; 17 May 1953 – 15 October 2012) was a Greek-born British scientist who specialised in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine vision. She developed a number of novel image recognition techniques, taught at Surrey University and Imperial College London, and was a prolific author of scientific articles.
Early life and education
Petrou was born in Thessaloniki, Greece, in 1953, and displayed an aptitude for science from an early age. She began tutoring children in maths and science at the age of 15. She studied physics at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, before travelling to the United Kingdom to study mathematics and astronomy at the University of Cambridge. In 1983, Petrou began working as a postdoctoral research assistant at Oxford University's Department of Theoretical Physics.
Artificial intelligence research
As British academia gained a more practical focus in the 1980s, Petrou began to study machine vision and other aspects of robotic intelligence. In 1988, she started work at Surrey University's Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, becoming its Professor of Image Analysis in 1998. She later held the Chair of Signal Processing at Imperial College London, and was the Director of the Informatics and Telematics Institute at Greece's Centre for Research and Technology (CERTH) from 2009 until her death. Petrou was furthermore a member of the Royal Academy of Engineering, authored several books, and was a prolific contributor to scientific journals.
During her career, Petrou developed a number of important image recognition techniques, including methods for robotic texture analysis, image comparison and 3D measurement. Most notably, she and Dr Alexander Kadyrov co-invented the trace transform, a method of image representation that allows for more efficient facial recognition systems. Technologies based on Petrou's work have had numerous applications in commerce, medicine and environmental imaging. She was also an amateur cartoonist, and once challenged her colleagues to construct a robot capable of ironing clothes – a challenge that later developed into a European Union-funded robotics project.
- "In Memoriam – Dr. Maria Petrou". IAPR. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "Maria Petrou, FREng". Imperial College London. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "Professor Maria Petrou". The Daily Telegraph. 11 November 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "The Trace transform and its applications" (PDF). IEEE. 2001.
- "A Trace transform based on subspace method for face recognition". IEEE Xplore. 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "CloPeMa". Clopema.eu. Retrieved 12 November 2012.