Maria Schell in Le notti bianche (1957)
|Born||Maria Margarethe Anna Schell
15 January 1926
|Died||26 April 2005
Preitenegg, Carinthia, Austria
|Cause of death||pneumonia|
|Spouse(s)||Horst Hächler (1957–1965; divorced; 1 child)
Veit Relin (1966–1986; divorced; 1 child)
Maria Margarethe Anna Schell (15 January 1926 – 26 April 2005) was an Austrian-Swiss actress. She ranged among the stars of German cinema in the 1950s and '60s. In 1954 she was awarded the Cannes Best Actress Award for her performance in Helmut Käutner's war drama The Last Bridge and in 1956 won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival for Gervaise.
Schell was born in the Austrian capital Vienna, the daughter of actress Margarethe (née Noé von Nordberg; 1905–1995), who ran an acting school, and Hermann Ferdinand Schell (1900–1972), a Swiss poet, novelist, playwright, and owner of a pharmacy. Her parents were Roman Catholics. She was the older sister of actor Maximilian Schell and lesser-known actors Carl Schell and Immy (Immaculata) Schell.
After the Anschluss in 1938, her family moved to Zürich in Switzerland. Maria Schell began commercial training, but soon entered the film business when she met the Swiss actor and director Sigfrit Steiner.
Schell premiered in Steiner's 1942 film Steibruch, side by side with the well-known Swiss actor Heinrich Gretler, and took acting lessons for several theatre engagements. After World War II, she was cast in her first leading role in the 1948 film The Angel with the Trumpet, directed by Karl Hartl. She starred in such films as Dr. Holl (1951), So Little Time (1952), The Heart of the Matter (1953). Her emotional acting earned her the nickname Seelchen ("little soul"), coined by her colleague Oskar Werner.
The 1956 film Gervaise directed by René Clément was also a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film; while in Hollywood, Schell met with Yul Brynner, who urged for her casting in The Brothers Karamazov (1958) in the role of Grushenka. Schell also starred with Gary Cooper in The Hanging Tree (1959) and with Glenn Ford in Cimarron (1960). Other famous movie parts included Le notti bianche (1957), Rose Bernd (1957), and Superman (1978). Schell played Mother Maria in the sequel to Lilies of the Field called Christmas Lilies of the Field and starred opposite such actors as Marcello Mastroianni, Suzy Delair, and Marlon Brando.
In 1976 she starred in a Kojak episode and also had three guest appearances in the German television series Der Kommissar and two in Derrick, in the episodes "Yellow He" (1977) and "Klavierkonzert" (1978). Schell also appeared on stage, including an acclaimed performance in the 1976 Broadway play Poor Murderer by Pavel Kohout and the leading role in Friedrich Dürrenmatt's play The Visit with the Schauspielhaus Zürich ensemble.
Schell was married twice, first to film director Horst Hächler (divorced in 1965) and second to director Veit Relin (divorced in 1986). Her daughter by her second marriage, actress Marie Theres Relin (born 1966), was married to Bavarian playwright Franz Xaver Kroetz and has three children; she made a media and internet appearance as a spokeswoman for housewives (If Pigs Could Fly. Die Hausfrauenrevolution, 2004).
Maria Schell's last years were overshadowed by her ill health. She attempted suicide in 1991 and suffered repeated strokes. Her final public appearance was at the premiere of her brother Maximilian's documentary film, My Sister Maria (2002) on her life; both were awarded the Bambi Award for their work.
Schell lived reclusively in the remote village of Preitenegg, Carinthia in the Austrian Alps until her death from pneumonia on 26 April 2005, aged 79. Upon her death, her brother released a statement, saying in part: "Towards the end of her life, she suffered silently and I never heard her complain. I admire her for that. Her death might have been for her a salvation. But not for me. She is irreplaceable."
- 1985: Die Kostbarkeit des Augenblicks. Gedanken, Erinnerungen. Langen Müller, München, ISBN 3-7844-2072-9.
- 1998: „... und wenn’s a Katz is!“ Mein Weg durchs Leben. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach, ISBN 3-404-12784-6.
- Steibruch (1942) as Meiti / Gretl
- Der Engel mit der Posaune (1948) as Selma Rosner
- Maresi (1948) as Blanka von Steinville - Tochter
- After the Storm (1948) as Gretel Aichinger
- The Last Night (1949)
- The Angel with the Trumpet (1950) as Anna Linden
- A Day Will Come (1950) as Madeleine
- Dr. Holl (1951) as Angelika Alberti
- The Magic Box (1951) as Helena Friese-Greene
- So Little Time (1952) as Nicole de Malvines
- Until We Meet Again (1952) as Pamela
- Dreaming Lips (1953) as Elisabeth
- As Long as You're Near Me (1953) as Eva Berger
- Diary of a Married Woman (1953) as Barbara Holzmann
- The Heart of the Matter (1953) as Helen Rolt
- The Last Bridge (1954) as Dr. Helga Reinbeck
- Herr über Leben und Tod (1955) as Barbara Bertram, geb. Hansen
- Napoléon (1955) by Sacha Guitry (as Marie-Louise, Napoleon's Austrian wife) as L'archiduchesse Marie-Louise d'Autriche
- Die Ratten (1955) as Pauline Karka
- Gervaise (1956, by Rene Clement, from Émile Zola's L'Assommoir) as Gervaise Macquart Coupeau, une blanchisseuse douce et courageuse
- Liebe (1956) as Anna Ballard
- Rose Bernd (1957) as Rose Bernd
- Le Notti Bianche (1957) as Natalia
- The Brothers Karamazov (1958) as Grushenka
- One Life by Alexandre Astruc (1958, from an eponym novel by Guy de Maupassant) as Jeanne Dandieu épouse de Lamare
- Der Schinderhannes (1958) as Julchen
- The Hanging Tree (1959) as Elizabeth Mahler
- As the Sea Rages (1959) as Mana
- Cimarron (1960) as Sabra Cravat
- The Mark (1961) as Ruth Leighton
- Das Riesenrad (1961) as Elisabeth von Hill
- Ich bin auch nur eine Frau (1962) as Lilli König
- Zwei Whisky und ein Sofa (1963) as Beate Dehn
- L'assassin connaît la musique... (1963) as Agnès Duvillard
- Le Diable par la queue (The Devil by the Tail) (1969) as La comtesse Diane
- 99 Women (1969) as Leonie Caroll
- The Bloody Judge (1970) as Mother Rosa
- La Provocation (1970) as Jeanne
- Dans la poussière du soleil (1972) as Gertie Bradford
- Chamsin (1972) as Miriam
- Die Pfarrhauskomödie (1972) as Irma
- The Odessa File (1974) as Frau Miller
- Change (1975) as Mama
- The Twist (1976) as Gretel
- Voyage of the Damned (1976) as Mrs. Hauser
- Kojak - Season 4, Episode 11: "The Pride and the Princess" (1976) as Sister Lepar Angelica / Princess Viva Dushan
- Derrick (1977-1978) as Luisa van Doom / Erika Rabes
- Superman (1978) as Vond-Ah
- Christmas Lilies of the Field (1979) as Valeska Piontek
- The Martian Chronicles mini-series - Season 1 (1980) as Anna Lustig
- Inside the Third Reich (1983) as Mrs. Speer
- Král Drozdia Brada (1984) as královna, Michalova matka
- 1919 (1985) as Sophie Rubin
- Mato Weiland: Maria Schell. Die autorisierte Maria Schell-Story. Massimo-Verlag, Wien 1959 ÖNB
- Herbert Spaich: Maria Schell – ihre Filme – ihr Leben. [Heyne-Bücher, 32] Heyne-Filmbibliothek, 99, München 1986, ISBN 3-453-86101-9
- Hermann Josef Huber: Heitere Starparade. 300 Anekdoten von Hans Albers bis Maria Schell. Herder Taschenbuch Verl., Freiburg/Br., Basel, Wien 1989 UBS
- Maximilian Schell, Gero von Boehm, Thomas Montasser: Meine Schwester Maria. Europa-Verlag, Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-203-82037-4
- Maja Keppler (Red.), Deutsches Filmmuseum [Frankfurt, Main] (Hrsg.): Maria Schell, [eine Ausstellung des deutschen Filmmuseums 31. Januar bis 17. Juni 2007 Frankfurt am Main, Juli bis Oktober 2007 auf dem Schloss Wolfsberg, Kärnten (Österreich)]. Schriftenreihe des Deutschen Filmmuseums: Kinematograph, 22, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-89487-551-8
- "The Hanging Tree" 1959; with Gary Cooper, Karl Malden, George C. Scott
Decorations and awards
- 1951-57, 1987, 2002: Bambi award
- 1954: Honorable Mention at the Cannes International Film Festival for The Last Bridge
- 1956: Volpi Cup at the Venice International Film Festival for Gervaise
- 1957 and 1958: Golden and Silver Bravo Otto
- 1974: Merit Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1977: German Film Awards, Gold Award for many years of excellent work in the German film industry
- 1980: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1983: Golden Camera
- 2002: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class
- 2008: Maria Schell street named in Landstrasse (Vienna's 3rd District, area Aspanggründe / Euro-gate)
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