Maria Schneider (musician)
Maria Schneider at the North Sea Jazz Festival, Rotterdam, 2008
|Birth name||Maria Lynn Schneider|
November 27, 1960|
Windom, Minnesota, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, big band, avant-garde, contemporary classical|
|Occupation(s)||Composer, bandleader, musician|
|Associated acts||Dawn Upshaw|
Born in Windom, Minnesota, Schneider studied music theory and composition at the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1983, then earned a master's degree in Music in 1985 from the Eastman School of Music, studying for one year as well at the University of Miami. After leaving Eastman, she was hired by Gil Evans as his copyist and assistant.
She collaborated with Evans for the next few years, working with him on music for a tour with Sting and assisting him as he scored the film The Color of Money. Before she became one of the most acclaimed composers and bandleaders of her generation, Schneider received an NEA Apprenticeship Grant to study with Bob Brookmeyer in 1985.
In 1992, Schneider formed The Maria Schneider Jazz Orchestra, which appeared weekly at Visiones in Greenwich Village from 1993 until it closed in 1998. Since 2005, the ensemble has performed an annual Thanksgiving week-long gig at the Jazz Standard in New York City. The orchestra has also performed at jazz festivals and concert halls in Europe, South America, and Asia. Schneider has performed with over 80 groups in over 30 countries and has taught at universities worldwide. In 2013, she received an honorary doctorate from the University of Minnesota.
Schneider's Concert in the Garden (2004) was the first award-winning album produced by ArtistShare, a fan funded platform that has (as of 2017) received 30 Grammy Award nominations and 10 Grammy Award wins.
The album accompanied poetry written by U.S. Poet Laureate Ted Kooser and was funded by ArtistShare. It won Schneider a Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition. Dawn Upshaw won a Grammy for her vocal performance, while the Best Engineered Album, Classical award went to David Frost, Tim Martyn, and Brian Losch.
Advocacy for musicians
Schneider has been a strong advocate for musicians' rights and copyright. She has testified before Congress, and has been asked to participate in several roundtables conducted by the US Copyright Office. Schneider has been outspoken against YouTube and the "freemium" streaming models. She has published several open letters and white papers on these topics.
Schneider has been a board member of the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences for the New York local chapter and has been involved in many of the NARAS advocacy initiatives, including Grammys on the Hill. In April 2014, on behalf of NARAS, Schneider testified on Section 512 of Section 17 before the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet. Schneider's advocacy against big data companies and their impact on music and culture is reflected in her music, including a piece entitled "Data Lords" commissioned by the U.S. Library of Congress (2016).
Schneider is an avid birdwatcher and enlisted band members to contribute bird calls to "Cerulean Skies" on her album Sky Blue. Other bird-related songs on her albums include "Waxwing" on Coming About, "Bird Count" on Days of Wine and Roses, and "Arbiters of Evolution" on The Thompson Fields.
Awards and honors
- Best Composer, Best Arranger, Best Big Band, Down Beat magazine Annual Critics' Poll, 2006–2012; 2016
- Jazz Album of the Year, Composer of the Year, Arranger of the Year, Large Jazz Ensemble of the Year, Jazz Journalists Association, 2005
- Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album, Concert in the Garden, 2004 
- Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition, "Cerulean Skies", 2007
- Grammy Award for Best Classical Composition, Winter Morning Walks, 2013 
- Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album, The Thompson Fields, 2015
- Grammy Award for Best Arrangement Instruments and Vocal, Sue (Or In a Season of Crime) (David Bowie) from Nothing Has Changed 2015 
- 2019 NEA Jazz Masters Fellowship 
- Evanescence (Enja, 1994)
- Coming About (Enja, 1996)
- Live at the Jazz Standard – Days of Wine and Roses (ArtistShare, 2000 [limited edition], 2005 [regular release])
- Allégresse (Enja, 2000)
- Concert in the Garden (ArtistShare, 2004)
- Sky Blue (ArtistShare, 2007)
- Winter Morning Walks (ArtistShare, 2013)
- The Thompson Fields (ArtistShare, 2015)
- All Music Guide to Jazz, San Francisco: Miller Freeman, Inc. (1996), Backbeat Books (2002)
2nd ed., ed. by Michael Erlewine (1996); OCLC 35201244
4th ed., ed. by Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra, & Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2002); OCLC 50477109
- Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Ninth edition, edited by Laura Kuhn, New York: Schirmer Books, Vol 5 (of 6) (2001); OCLC 44972043
- The Billboard Illustrated Encyclopedia of Jazz and Blues, edited by Howard Mandel, New York: Billboard Books (2005); OCLC 61771061
- Biography Index, New York: H.W. Wilson Co.; OCLC 8264686; ISSN 0006-3053
Vol. 18: September 1992 – August 1993 (1993); OCLC 59569808
Vol. 22: September 1996 – August 1997 (1997)
Vol. 27: September 2001 – August 2002 (2002); OCLC 865173264
Vol. 30: September 2004 – August 2005 (2005)
Vol. 31: September 2005 – August 2006 (2006)
- Contemporary Musicians. Profiles of the people in music. Volume 48. Detroit: Thomson Gale (2004) (biography contains portrait); OCLC 19730669; ISSN 1044-2197
- The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, Second edition, Vol. 3 (of 3 three), edited by Barry Kernfeld, London: Macmillan Publishers (2002); OCLC 46956628
- Big Bands & Great Ballrooms: American is Dancing ... Again, by Jack Behrens and John C. Behrens, AuthorHouse (self-published), p. 155 (2006); OCLC 80936539
- "Celebration: Remembering—A Tribute to Bob Brookmeyer". NewMusicBox. 2011-12-23. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "Maria Schneider's Jazz Orchestra: Thanksgiving Week at the Jazz Standard". www.stereophile.com. November 23, 2017. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
- "ArtistShare: about us". artistshare.com. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- 56th Annual Grammy Awards Winners & Nominees, January 27, 2014
- Schneider, Maria (20 January 2017). "Protecting the Power of Music - JazzTimes". JazzTimes. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- Schneider, Maria (13 March 2014). "Section 512 of Title 17 - House Judiciary Committee". House Judiciary Committee. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "Maria Schneider on "Data Lords" Webcast | Library of Congress". www.loc.gov. Schneider, Maria. April 15, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Grammy Winner Also Avid Bird Watcher". www.newportthisweek.com. August 23, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- "Radio Swiss Jazz - Music database - Musician". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "The DownBeat Critics Poll Archive", Downbeat.com
- 2005 Jazz Journalists Association Jazz Awards, @ jazzhouse.org
- "2004 Grammy Award Winners – Jazz". The Recording Academy.
- 50th Annual Grammy Awards Winners, @ Grammy.com
- "2013 Grammy Award Winners – Classical". The Recording Academy.
- "2015 Grammy Award Winners – Jazz". The Recording Academy. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- "2015 Grammy Award Winners – Arranging". The Recording Academy.
- "National Endowment for the Arts Announces Newest Recipients of Nation's Highest Honor in Jazz". NEA. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- Hewett, Ivan (11 June 2015). "Maria Schneider Orchestra, The Thompson Fields". The Telegraph. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
- "Maria Schneider | Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
- Official site
- "Open Letter to YouTube, 'Pushers' of Piracy" (May 15, 2016)
- "Content ID is Still Just Piracy in Disguise: An Open Letter to Rightsholders and a Music Industry Ready to Renegotiate with a Monster" (July 31, 2016)
- "What Do Whore Houses, Meth Labs and YouTube Have in Common?" (Sept. 27th, 2016)
- "Lyor Cohen Takes the Cake by Joining the Google Empire" (Oct 7th, 2016)
- Maria Schneider (October 1, 2008). "Navigating Comfort Zones". NewMusicBox (Interview). Interviewed by Frank J. Oteri (published November 1, 2008). (includes video)