Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa

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Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina
Princess Maria Teresa, Duchess of Massa and Carrara, Duchess of Modena by Bianca Spina.png
Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara
Reign 18 August 1731 – 29 December 1790
Born (1725-06-29)29 June 1725
Novellara, Italy
Died 29 December 1790(1790-12-29) (aged 65)
Modena, Italy
Spouse Prince Eugenio of Savoy, Count of Soissons
Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena
Issue Rinaldo Francesco d'Este
Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa
Father Alderano I Cybo-Malaspina
Mother Ricciarda Gonzaga

Maria Teresa Cybo[1]-Malaspina (29 June 1725 – 29 December 1790) was the sovereign Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara from 1731 until her death in 1790. She was the eldest child of Alderano I Duke of Massa and Carrara, and his wife Ricciarda Gonzaga, daughter of Camillo, Count of Novellara. She was the wife of Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena.

Biography[edit]

Maria Teresa was born in the town of Novellara (in what is now the province of Reggio Emilia. As the eldest child, she was her father's primary heiress. Her father died on 18 August 1731 when she was just six years old.

She wed Eugenio Giovanni Francesco of Savoy[2] by proxy, a grandson of Prince Louis Thomas of Savoy-Carignan. However the couple never met due to the prince's death in 1734.

She wed Ercole Rinaldo d'Este, heir of the duchy of Modena and Reggio in 1741. The duchy of Massa and the principality of Carrara were then annexed to the duchy of Modena and Reggio.

In 1744, she came of age and was no longer under her mother's regency. She reformed the laws, built a hospital and promoted art, culture and architecture.[citation needed] Maria Teresa was praised for helping to set up Art Academies in Carrara and, after correspondence with the Spanish court, the creation of the Academy of Madrid.[citation needed]

The Holy Empress Maria Theresa arranged for Maria Beatrice, Duchess Maria Theresa's daughter and only surviving child, to marry the empress' fourth son Archduke Ferdinand of Austria in Milan on 15 October 1771. From this marriage, the House of Austria-Este was created, a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, which ruled Modena between 1814 and 1859.

Maria Teresa died in 1790 in Modena. Her non-sovereign titles, Duchess di Ajello and Baroness di Paduli, as well as that of Sovereign Lady of Moneta, also went to her daughter.

Family[edit]

Maria Teresa and Ercole III had 2 children:

Ancestry[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 29 June 1725 – 18 August 1731 Dona Maria Teresa
  • 18 August 1731 – 16 April 1741 Duchess of Massa
  • 16 April 1741 – 22 February 1780 Hereditary Princess of Modena, Duchess of Massa
  • 22 February 1780 – 29 December 1790 Duchess of Modena, Duchess of Massa

References[edit]

Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa
Born: 20 October 1700 Died: 19 January 1761
Italian royalty
Preceded by
Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
Duchess of Modena
1780–1790
Succeeded by
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Preceded by
Alderano I Cybo-Malaspina
Sovereign Duchess of Massa and Sovereign Princess of Carrara
1731–1790
Succeeded by
Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa
Preceded by
Alderano I Cybo-Malaspina
Duchess of Ajello
1731–1790
Succeeded by
Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa