August 4, 1854
Zankiv, Nizhyn County, Chernihiv Governorate
|Died||October 4, 1934 (aged 80)|
Maria Zankovetska (Ukrainian: Марія Заньковецька, Mariia Zankovetska; Maria Kostyantynivna Adasovska; August 4, 1854 – October 4, 1934) was a Ukrainian theater actress. There are some sources that date her birth to August 3, 1860.
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Maria was born to an impoverished landowner and nobleman, Kostyantyn Adasovsky, and a Chernihiv city resident (burgess) Maria Nefedova, in Zanky, Nizhyn County, Chernihiv Governorate (present-day Nizhyn Raion). She had many siblings. Maria was a graduate of the Chernihiv City Female Gymnasium.
In 1876, she first appeared onstage in Nizhyn. theater. Her professional career began on October 27, 1882 at the Yelizavetgrad City Theater (Kropyvnytsky) under the management of Marko Kropyvnytsky. Her first role was Natalka from the Kotlyarevsky play "Natalka Poltavka". Later Maria participated among the most popular and professional Ukrainian troupes of Marko Kropyvnytsky, Mykhailo Starytsky, Mykola Sadovsky, and Panas Saksahansky. Her stage name Zankovetska was derived from the name of the village of her birth. Her repertoire included more than 30 roles. A mezzo-soprano, she sang in Ukrainian folk songs.
Zankovetska was an activist for the opening in Nizhyn of a permanent state theater. In 1918, she organized a people's theater "Ukrainian troupe under direction of M. Zankovetska", where she played such actors as Borys Romanytsky, Andriy Rotmyrov and others. Several plays were set among which were "Natalka Poltavka", "Hetman Doroshenko", "Aza the Gypsy". Recognizing her stage merits, in June 1918 the Hetman of Ukraine Pavlo Skoropadsky approved the adoption by the Council of Ministers of a resolution on the appointment of a lifetime state pension for Zankovetska.
In 1922, Ukraine triumphantly celebrated the 40th anniversary of Zankovetska's career. She was the first person in Ukraine whom the government awarded the high title of the People's Artist of the republic.
Zankovetska died on October 4, 1934. She is buried at Baikove Cemetery in Kyiv.
List of selected theatrical roles
- 1882 - Natalka ("Natalka Poltavka", Ivan Kotlyarevsky)
- 1882 - Halya ("Nazar Stodolya", Taras Shevchenko)
- 1882 - Tsvirkunka ("Black Sea sailors", Mykhailo Starytsky)
- 1883 - Olena ("Hlytai or the Spider", Marko Kropyvnytsky)
- 1887 - Kharytyna ("Serf maiden", Ivan Karpenko-Karyi)
- 1889 - Katrya ("Not destined", Mykhailo Starytsky)
- 1891 - Aksyusha ("Forest", Alexander Ostrovsky)
- 1892 - Aza ("Aza the Gypsy", Mykhailo Starytsky)
- Ulyana Kvitchyna ("Wedding in Honcharivka")
- Yo ("Loss of Nadiya", Herman Heijermans)
- 1909 - Natalka (Natalka Poltavka)
- 1923 - Mother (Ostap Bandura)
- Т.І. Лазанська. ЗАНЬКОВЕЦЬКА Марія Костянтинівна (in Ukrainian). Енциклопедія історії України: Т. 3: Е-Й / Редкол.: В. А. Смолій (голова) та ін. НАН України. Інститут історії України. - К.: В-во «Наукова думка», 2005. - 672 с.: іл. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- Photo Archives of Zankovetska
- Leo Tolstoy asked Maria Zankovetska for a tissue. gazeta.ua. 04.08.2009
- Melpomene of the Ukrainian stage. Triumph and tragedy. To the 150th anniversary of the birthday of Maria Zankovetska. «Mirror Weekly». № 31 (506) 7 — 13 August 2004.
- Profile at hrono