The Maria family (adj. Marian; FIN: 506; also known as Roma family) is a collisional asteroid family located in the inner parts of the intermediate asteroid belt, near the 1:3 Kirkwood gap. The family consist of several thousand stony S-type asteroids. It is named after its parent body and lowest numbered member, the asteroid 170 Maria.:23 It is also known as the Roma family, named after its alternative parent body, 472 Roma.
The family was initially identified by Japanese astronomer Kiyotsugu Hirayama in 1918. Asteroids in this family typically have a semi-major axis between 2.52−2.62 AU, and an inclination of 12 to 17°.
The family consists of 2940 known members based the HCM method. Its largest members are the asteroids 170 Maria and 472 Roma.:23 A complete synthetic HCM-listing for all members can be obtained by using the Ferret Interactive Search.
Although asteroid 695 Bella has orbital properties that make it a candidate for this family, the spectral properties of the object indicate it is most likely an interloper. Instead, it may have been spalled off from 6 Hebe, or its parent body.
- Fieber-Beyer, Sherry K.; Gaffey, Michael J.; Kelley, Michael S.; Reddy, Vishnu; Reynolds, Chalbeth M.; Hicks, Tony (June 2011). "The Maria asteroid family: Genetic relationships and a plausible source of mesosiderites near the 3:1 Kirkwood Gap" (PDF). Icarus. 213 (2): 524–537. Bibcode:2011Icar..213..524F. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2011.03.009. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Bauer, J. M.; Grav, T.; Nugent, C. R.; Stevenson, R. (June 2013). "Asteroid Family Identification Using the Hierarchical Clustering Method and WISE/NEOWISE Physical Properties" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 770 (1): 22. arXiv:1305.1607. Bibcode:2013ApJ...770....7M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/770/1/7. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- EasySky - Screenshots
- "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Synthetic Family (170) Maria – Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 22 July 2017. (Query)