Marian Kotleba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marian Kotleba
Marian Kotleba.jpg
Governor of Banská Bystrica Region
Assumed office
24 November 2013
Prime Minister Robert Fico
Preceded by Vladimír Maňka
Personal details
Born (1977-04-07) 7 April 1977 (age 40)
Banská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia
(now Slovakia)
Political party Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia
(Kotleba – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko)
Spouse(s) Frederika Pospíšilová
Alma mater Matej Bel University

Marian Kotleba (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmariaŋ ˈkotleba];[1] born 7 April 1977) is a Slovak radical politician and leader of the far-right Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia political party. (Slovak: Kotleba – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko).[2] He has since 24 November 2013 served as the Governor of Banská Bystrica Region.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Banska Bystrica in what was then Czechoslovakia, Kotleba attended the local Jozef Murgas High School before enrolling at the Sports Grammar School (Slovak: Športové gymnázium Banská Bystrica) specialising in sports. After finishing the Grammar School he enrolled at the Matej Bel University receiving a Master's Degree in Pedagogics, later he once again enrolled at the Economics faculty at the same university and graduated with a master's degree in Economics.[3]

Political views[edit]

Banner at the Banská Bystrica administration building put up by Kotleba,[4] ‘Yankees go home! Stop NATO!’

Marian Kotleba holds views considered extremist,[5][6] although he was never prosecuted for extremism (according to §140a of the Slovak criminal law). He is supportive of Jozef Tiso and the First Slovak Republic,[7][8] and he is openly against Roma people,[9][10] Slovak National Uprising,[11][12] NATO, the United States and the European Union.[13] According to Hospodárske noviny, his position on the Holocaust is unclear.[14] The BBC[15] and The Economist have described him as a neo-Nazi.[16]

Political career[edit]

In 2003, Kotleba founded the far-right political party 'Slovak Togetherness' (Slovak: Slovenská Pospolitosť). In 2007 the Slovak interior ministry banned the party from running and campaigning in elections, however it still functioned as a civic organisation. In 2009 he ran for the post of Governor of the Banská Bystrica region and received 10% of the votes. In the 2013 local elections he ran again and this time received approximately 20% of the votes, thereby securing a run-off against favourite Vladimír Maňka. Kotleba won the run-off by receiving 55% of the votes.[15]

Kotleba's win was described as a "shock" by political analysts, who attributed it to deep anti-Romani sentiments in the region.[17] Observers originally had said that they saw almost no chance for Kotleba to succeed in the second round against Maňka, but nonetheless found his strong showing "disturbing".[18]

Prior to the 2016 elections to the National Council, he renamed his party Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko (English: People's Party Our Slovakia) to Kotleba - Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko. Despite the polls suggesting the 1.5-3.5 % gain of votes, the party rocketed to the parliament with a gain of over 8% of the vote. Despite elements of Neo-Nazism, the post-electoral polls suggest that his success was a result of dissatisfaction with the running of Slovakia and was seen as a protest vote against the ruling Smer - Sociálna demokracia and the fractured right. It was also linked to the fall of the Christian Democratic Movement, as the Christian conservative party and the migrants crisis.


References[edit]

  1. ^ In isolation, Marian is pronounced [ˈmarian].
  2. ^ "TA3 pozvala do živého vysielania Mariana Kotlebu". Ta3. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Extremist Kotleba wins 20% of vote in regional elections". The Daily.sk. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Daniel Vražda (2014-08-29). "Kotleba vyvesil v Bystrici transparent Stop NATO" [In Bystrica, Kotleba put up a banner saying Stop NATO]. Naša Bystrica (SME) (in Slovak). Petit Press, a.s. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  5. ^ Martina Pažitková (2013-11-26). "Je Kotleba neonacista, neofašista alebo extrémista?" [Is Kotleba a neo-Nazi, a neo-fascist or an extremist?]. SME (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  6. ^ "Kotleba je dnes pre Fica extrémista. Protirómskou agendou kedysi sám bodoval" [For Fico, Kotleba is an extremist. Previously, he scored points on Anti-Roma agenda himself]. Trend (in Slovak). 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  7. ^ TASR (2014-05-15). "Kotlebov mesačník Náš kraj v máji nevyjde, stále ho skúma polícia" [Kotleba's monthly "Our country" won't be published in May, police investigation is under way]. SME (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  8. ^ odu (2014-04-08). "Kotleba zneužil župné noviny pred eurovoľbami" [Kotleba abused local administration newspaper before Europarliament elections]. Pravda. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  9. ^ "Marián Kotleba: Štát chráni cigánskych parazitov" [Marián Kotleba: State protects gypsy parasites]. Aktuality.sk (in Slovak). 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  10. ^ Ondrej Kubovič (2013-11-24). "Vedia koho volili? S Kotlebom sa spája extrémizmus aj oslava Slovakštátu" [Do they know who they voted for? Kotleba associates with extremism and the First Slovak State celebrations]. Aktuálne.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  11. ^ TASR (2014-01-09). "Kotleba nesúhlasil s prezidentom. Nechcel mu však oponovať" [Kotleba disagreed with the president; didn't want to oppose him though]. Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  12. ^ TASR (2014-01-09). "Šéfovia krajov sa u prezidenta nezhodli s Kotlebom na téme SNP" [Regions' heads didn't agree with Kotleba regarding the Slovak National Uprising during the meeting with the president]. Pravda (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  13. ^ TASR (2014-01-31). "Neustupujte teroristom, hrozí vám diktát Bruselu, píše Kotleba Janukovyčovi". Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  14. ^ Mária Hunková (2013-11-18). "Politický život Mariana Kotlebu v skratke : Rómovia sú paraziti a SNP puč. Na stráž!". Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  15. ^ a b "Slovak 'neo-Nazi' wins election in Banska Bystrica". BBC. 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  16. ^ "A neo-Nazi wins". The Economist (published 2013-11-28). 2013. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  17. ^ "UPDATED: Five remaining regional leaders elected; extremist wins in Banská Bystrica". Slovakspectator. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Far-right leader Kotleba wins in Banská Bystrica". Slovakspectator. Retrieved 25 November 2013.