|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
12 November 1985 – 17 June 1988
|Prime Minister||Zbigniew Messner|
|Preceded by||Stefan Olszowski|
|Succeeded by||Tadeusz Olechowski|
24 October 1931 |
|Political party||Polish United Workers' Party|
|Alma mater||Leningrad University
University of Wrocław
Early life and education
Orzechowski was born in Radom on 24 October 1931. He received a degree in history from the University of Leningrad in Soviet Union. In 1960, he received PhD from the University of Wrocław.
Orzechowski was a senior politician of the Polish Communist Party. He became a member of the central committee of the party in 1966. He served in a variety of party posts and was appointed a central committee secretary. He also headed the party's academy of social sciences. In addition, he became a lecturer of history and political science at the University of Wrocław in 1966. From 1971 to 1975 he served as the rector of the university. He was the chief ideologist of the party, being ideology secretary to which he was elected at the fifth plenum on 27–28 October 1981. From 1984 to 1986 he was the rector of the Academy of Social Sciences.
He was appointed foreign minister on 12 November 1985 to the cabinet led by the then prime minister Zbigniew Messner. He succeeded Stefan Olszowski in the post. In addition, Orzechowski headed the PRON's national council, that was formed by the Polish authorities to develop a close interaction with the church, during that time. He became a member of the politburo in June 1988 while retaining his post as foreign minister. His term as foreign minister ended on 17 June 1988 and he was replaced by Tadeusz Olechowski in the post. From 1988 to 1989 he served as the head of the Communist parliament delegation. In July 1989 Orzechowski lost his position as executive ideology secretary of the party's central committee when Wojciech Jaruzelski resigned from the leadership of the party. However, his membership at the central committee of the party continued for a while.
Views and activities
During his term as foreign minister Orzechowski stated "historians who were members of the party were particularly inspected by the censors since they were to represent it." In 1986 he was able to persuade the Soviet authorities to appoint Wlodzimierz Natorf, a controversial figure, as the Polish ambassador to Moscow. Orzechowski participated in round table talks between the ruling party and opposition figures that lasted from 6 February to 4 April 1989.
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- "Poland Shuffles Posts as Power Struggle Starts". Orlando Sentinel. Warsaw. 13 November 1985. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Arthur R. Rachwald (1990). In Search of Poland: The Superpowers' Response to Solidarity, 1980-1989. Hoover Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8179-8963-7. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
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- "Overview of the Marian Orzechowski writings" (PDF). Hoover Institution Archives. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- Butturini, Paula (30 July 1989). "Solidarity Foe Is New Polish Party Chief". Chicago Tribune. Warsaw. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
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- Gillette, Robert (4 January 1986). "Poland Names New Ambassador in a Move to Better Its Kremlin Ties". Los Angeles Times. Warsaw. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
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