Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Occupation||Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer; political activist|
Price was born into a strongly Republican family in Andersonstown, west Belfast. Both of her parents had been imprisoned for involvement with the Irish Republican Army and their mother's sister, Bridie, who lived with them, had lost both hands and her eyesight while moving explosives.: 9–13
Political activism and the IRA
Old Bailey bombing
Price was jailed for her part in the IRA London bombing campaign of 1973. She was part of a unit that placed four car bombs in London on 8 March 1973. The 1973 Old Bailey bombing and that of the Whitehall army recruitment centre saw 200 injured. A warning was issued an hour before the blast.: 138 One man died of a heart attack, although an autopsy found his heart attack had begun before the Old Bailey blast.: 143 She and her sister Dolours were apprehended along with Hugh Feeney, Gerry Kelly, and six others, as they were boarding a flight to Ireland. They were tried and convicted at the Great Hall in Winchester Castle on 14 November after two days of deliberation by the jury. Marian Price was sentenced to two life terms.
The Price sisters, along with Kelly and Feeney, immediately went on hunger strike in a campaign to be repatriated to a prison in Northern Ireland. IRA prisoners in Ireland at the time had Special Category Status (similar to political status), which was not granted to IRA prisoners in England and the IRA volunteers did not see themselves as criminals. The hunger strike lasted over 200 days, with the hunger strikers being force-fed by prison authorities for 167 of them.
In an interview with Suzanne Breen, Price described being force-fed:
Four male prison officers tie you into the chair so tightly with sheets you can't struggle. You clench your teeth to try to keep your mouth closed but they push a metal spring device around your jaw to prise it open. They force a wooden clamp with a hole in the middle into your mouth. Then, they insert a big rubber tube down that. They hold your head back. You can't move. They throw whatever they like into the food mixer – orange juice, soup, or cartons of cream if they want to beef up the calories. They take jugs of this gruel from the food mixer and pour it into a funnel attached to the tube. The force-feeding takes 15 minutes but it feels like forever. You're in control of nothing. You're terrified the food will go down the wrong way and you won't be able to let them know because you can't speak or move. You're frightened you'll choke to death.
Political activity after prison
Marian Price was freed in 1980 on a Royal prerogative of mercy when her anorexia nervosa resulting from her hunger strike was deemed to put her life at risk. She resumed a private life, emerging only in the 1990s as a vocal opponent of Sinn Féin's "peace strategy". Price has been critical of the Good Friday Agreement, saying "It is certainly not what I went to prison for, and it is not what my sister went to prison for".
Price was refused a visa to enter the United States on 15 December 1999. She had been due to speak at an Irish Freedom Committee fundraising event in New York. In 2000 Price gave the funeral oration for Joseph O'Connor, a member of the Real IRA. As of 2003 she was a member of the 32 County Sovereignty Movement and worked for a prisoners' welfare organisation. Interviewed in The Guardian in 2003 she expressed no regrets for her past actions and her continued support for armed action.
Return to prison
On 17 November 2009 she was named as being one of two people arrested in connection with an attack on the Massereene Barracks in Northern Ireland in March 2009 in which two British soldiers were shot dead. In 2011 she was charged with providing property for the purposes of terrorism.
On the same day the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Owen Paterson, revoked her release from prison on licence. Paterson said the decision was made because the threat posed by Price had "significantly increased".
Price was the only female inmate at HM Prison Maghaberry near Lisburn from May 2011 until she was moved to the hospital wing of HM Prison Hydebank Wood in February 2012. In May 2012, at a rally in her support, Price's husband, Gerry McGlinchey, stated that his wife was near breaking point. The charges against Price and three men from Derry in relation to the Easter Rising rally were later dismissed at Derry Magistrates' Court in May 2012.
On 7 June 2012, a protest close to Times Square in Manhattan, New York called for Price to be released from what her family describes as internment. On 30 May 2013, Price was released from prison after a decision by the Parole Commissioners.
- "Marian Price returned to jail by Secretary of State", BBC News, 16 May 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- Keefe, Patrick Radden (2018). Say Nothing. William Collins. ISBN 9780008159276.
- Andrew Sanders (24 January 2013). "Dolours Price, Boston College, and the myth of the "Price sisters" | The United States of America and Northern Ireland". Usaandni.com. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Keefe, Patrick Radden (16 March 2015). "Where the Bodies Are Buried". The New Yorker. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Breen, Suzanne (31 May 2013). "Dissident republican Marian Price freed after year spent in hospital". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- O'Malley, Michael (5 March 1995). "Sinn Féin Builds Image as Force for Peace". The Plain Dealer.
- Joyce, Joe (10 June 2010). "Hostages teach IRA kidnappers all about racing". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- Morris, Allison (1 November 2018). "Marian Price denies murder of Jean McConville". The Irish Times. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "Profile: Dolours Price". The Sunday Times. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1999". Conflict Archive on the Internet. 8 October 2021. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- English, Richard (2003). Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. Pan Books. p. 320. ISBN 0-330-49388-4.
- Cowan, Rosie (13 March 2003). "'I have no regrets'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- "IRA bomber held over base murders". BBC News. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- McDonald, Henry (22 July 2011). "Old Bailey bomber Marian Price on new charge". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- Old Bailey bomber Marian Price charged over rally. BBC News, 15 May 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Marian Price returned to jail by Secretary of State, BBC News, 16 May 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Derry terrorist Easter rally charges dismissed". BBC News. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- Muldoon, Molly (13 June 2012). "Irish Americans stage protest at Queen's Jubilee for NYC free Marian Price campaign". News. Irish Central. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Marian Price released from custody". BBC News. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
- "Reaction to Marian Price's release". BBC News. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- Clutterbuck, Richard (1980). Kidnap and Ransom. Boston: Faber & Faber.