Marian Sârbu

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Marian Sârbu (Romanian pronunciation: [mariˈan ˈsɨrbu]; born 12 January 1958) is a Romanian trade unionist and politician. A member of the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) and formerly of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), he has been a member of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies for Călăraşi County (1996-2008) and Vaslui County (since 2008). In the Adrian Năstase cabinet, he was Minister of Labour from 2000 to 2003 Minister-Delegate for Relations with Social Partners from 2003 to 2004. In the Emil Boc cabinet, he once again held the Labour portfolio from 2008 to 2009.

He is married and has one child.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Budeşti, Călăraşi County, receiving a Law degree in 1990 and a doctorate in Management in 2006.[2] From 1990 to 1994, he was president of the Federation of Free Trade Unions in the Wood Industry, also serving as a member of the executive bureau of the International Federation of Building and Wood Workers from 1993 to 1994. In 1990 he also joined the National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania; after this merged with the union Frăţia in 1993 to form the National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania - Brotherhood (CNSLR-Frăţia), he served as the latter organisation's vice president until leaving in 1994.[1]

In 1994, Sârbu, by then a member of the Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR, which became the PSD in 2001), joined its executive bureau, to which he belonged until 1996 and from 2000 to 2004. Also until 1996, he was a secretary of state at the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection. At the 1996 election, he entered the Chamber of Deputies; while his party was in opposition for the next four years, he headed its department of political science.[1] Re-elected in 2000, he was Minister of Labour and Social Solidarity until June 2003 and Minister-Delegate for Relations with Social Partners from then until July 2004.[3] He was removed from the cabinet so he could join the party's coordinating bureau,[4] on which he continued to sit for several years.[2] As minister, Sârbu was criticised for the close links he maintained to the trade unions, for instance being one of the architects of a "non-aggression pact" between the PSD and CNSLR-Frăţia.[5] He was elected again in 2004. From that year until 2006, he headed the party's social policy department, and from 2006 to 2008 was a vice president of the PSD.[2] He won yet another term in 2008,[6] having been sent to run in Vaslui County after a party colleague withdrew from the race.[7] Throughout his time in the Chamber, he has served on its Committee for Labour and Social Protection.[2] He resumed ministerial office in December 2008, his first act being to change the ministry's name from "Labour, Family and Equal Opportunity" to "Labour, Family and Social Protection", reflecting his priority of raising pensions,[8] as well as reducing grey market activity from 50% to 25%, eliminating charges on employers for the first year a new employee works, and increasing professional development for the unemployed.[9]

In the Boc cabinet, Sârbu had to deal with the effects of the financial crisis, warning in March 2009 that unemployment could reach 800,000[10] by year's end and promising the authorities would be able to pay unemployment benefits and would give special attention to pensioners and low-income workers,[11] in spite of a budget deficit.[12] He supported a proposed law capping state salaries at 9,000 lei per month, 15 times higher than the minimum salary, and stated that the minimum pension would rise to 350 lei by October 2009.[13] Speaking to a public employees' union, he urged that strikes and protests would bring nothing to employees, instead asking for concessions.[14] Together with his PSD colleagues, Sârbu resigned from the cabinet on 1 October 2009, in protest at the dismissal of vice prime minister and Interior Minister Dan Nica.[15]

In February 2010, Sârbu resigned from the PSD, citing disagreements in strategy and on social policy. Joining Gabriel Oprea's group of independents in Parliament,[16] in May he was elected president of the UNPR, which Oprea had recently founded.[17]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Romanian) Profile at the Romanian Government site; accessed June 19, 2009
  2. ^ a b c d (Romanian) Profile at the Romanian Chamber of Deputies site; retrieved June 19, 2009
  3. ^ (Romanian) Adrian Năstase Cabinet
  4. ^ (Romanian) "Remaniere guvernamentală la mijlocul săptămînii" ("Cabinet Reshuffle in Midweek"), Evenimentul, 12 July 2004; accessed 19 June 2009
  5. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu, un sindicalist ajuns, după '90, în politica la vârf" ("Marian Sârbu, a Trade Unionist Who Reached Top-level Politics after 1990"), Mediafax, 18 December 2008; accessed June 19, 2009
  6. ^ (Romanian) Election results, alegeri.tv; accessed June 19, 2009
  7. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu candidează pe locul lui Birchall la Vaslui" ("Marian Sârbu to Run in Birchali's Stead in Vaslui"), Mediafax, 18 October 2008; accessed June 19, 2009
  8. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu schimbă denumirea ministerului Muncii" ("Marian Sârbu Changes the Name of the Labour Ministry"), Cotidianul, 23 December 2008; accessed June 19, 2009
  9. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu, un ministru fără bani" ("Marian Sârbu, a Minister with No Money"), Cotidianul, 20 December 2008; accessed June 19, 2009
  10. ^ He later specified a figure of between 7 and 8%. (Romanian) "Peste şase luni, cel mai mare salariu va fi de 9.000 de lei, iar pensia minim garantată, 350 de lei" ("In Six Months, the Highest Salary Will Be 9,000 Lei, and the Minimum Guaranteed Pension, 350 lei", Gardianul, 11 June 2009; accessed June 19, 2009
  11. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu: Numărul şomerilor ar putea ajunge la 800.000 la sfârşitul anului" ("Marian Sârbu: Number of Unemployed Could Reach 800,000 by Year's End"), Ziua, 23 March 2009; accessed June 19, 2009
  12. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu: Plata alocaţiilor de şomaj şi a pensiilor nu este în pericol" ("Marian Sârbu: Payment of Unemployment Insurance and Pensions Is Not in Danger"), Ziua, 11 June 2009; accessed June 19, 2009
  13. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu: Salariul maxim în România va fi de 9.000 de lei, după adoptarea legii salarizării unice" ("Marian Sârbu: Maximum Salary in Romania to Be 9,000 Lei, after the One-salary Law Is Adopted"), Ziua, 10 June 2009; accessed June 19, 2009
  14. ^ (Romanian) "Sârbu către funcţionarii publici: Grevele şi protestele nu vă vor ajuta cu nimic!" ("Sârbu to Public Employees: Strikes and Protests Will Bring You Nothing!"), Jurnalul Naţional, 29 March 2009; accessed June 19, 2009
  15. ^ (Romanian) "Miniştrii PSD şi-au depus demisiile la cabinetul premierului Emil Boc" ("PSD Ministers Submit Their Resignations in the Office of Prime Minister Emil Boc"), Mediafax, 1 October 2009; accessed October 1, 2009
  16. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu pleacă din PSD şi ar putea intra în noul partid prezidenţial. Ponta spune că uşa PSD e deschisă în ambele direcţii" ("Marian Sârbu Leaves PSD and May Join New Presidential Party. Ponta Says PSD Door Open in Both Directions"), Gândul, 26 February 2010; accessed September 25, 2010
  17. ^ (Romanian) "Marian Sârbu a fost ales preşedintele UNPR, Oprea este preşedinte executiv" ("Marian Sârbu Elected UNPR President, Oprea Is Executive President"), Gândul, 1 May 2010; accessed September 25, 2010

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