Marian Shields Robinson
|Marian Shields Robinson|
Marian Shields Robinson in 2013
|Born||Marian Lois Shields
July 30, 1937
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Known for||Mother of Michelle Obama|
|Home town||Chicago, Illinois|
|Spouse(s)||Fraser C. Robinson III (m. 1960; d. 1991)|
|Parent(s)||Purnell Nathaniel Shields
|Relatives||Barack Obama (son-in-law)|
Early life and education
Marian Shields was born in Chicago in 1937, the fourth of seven children—five girls, followed by two boys—born to Purnell Nathaniel Shields, a house painter, and his wife Rebecca Jumper, a licensed practical nurse, according to Steve Shields, her youngest sibling. Her ancestors had moved from Georgia to Chicago in the early 20th century during the Great Migration.
As a girl, Marian attended public schools. She married Fraser Robinson on October 27, 1960 in Chicago. She formerly worked as a secretary for mail-order retailer Spiegel and at a bank. Both she and her husband had extended families in Chicago, whom they saw frequently at holidays and other times.
While Michelle and Barack Obama campaigned in 2008, Robinson tended her granddaughters. Early in January 2009, it was announced that Robinson would move into the White House with the rest of the First Family to provide further transition support for her granddaughters. She was the first live-in grandmother there since Elivera M. Doud, the mother of Mamie Eisenhower, during the Eisenhower administration. Some media outlets have dubbed Robinson the "First Granny".
- Skiba, Katherine (March 8, 2010). "First grandma keeps low profile". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- LoBello, Lia (July 2, 2008). "First Families: Radar introduces you to the next president's relatives". Radar. Archived from the original on January 23, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
- Saslow, Eli (February 1, 2009). "From the Second City, An Extended First Family". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Swarns, Rachel L. "Obama's Mother-in-Law to Move Into the White House". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
- Sherwell, Philip (January 14, 2009). "Michelle Obama persuades First Granny to join new White House team". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
- Swarns, Rachel L. (2012). American Tapestry: The Story of the Black, White, and Multiracial Ancestors of Michelle Obama HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-220465-3.