26 June 1926
Marian Turski (born 26 June 1926 as Moshe Turbowicz) is a Polish historian and journalist who served as the editor-in-chief of Sztandar Młodych, a nationwide daily newspaper of the Union of Polish Youth in 1956–1957 and from 1958 onwards, a columnist for the communist weekly Polityka as the head of the weekly's historical department.
He was born on 26 June 1926 in Druskieniki, Second Polish Republic (present-day Lithuania). Since 1942 he was in the Łódź Ghetto. His father and brother were murdered after selection. From there, in August 1944, he was deported to German Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau. He survived forced evacuation of the camp, the Death March of January 1945, from Auschwitz to Wodzisław Śląski, from which he was transported to KL Buchenwald.
After the end of the Second World War, he settled in Warsaw. From 1945 he became an activist of the youth organization affiliated to the Polish Workers' Party. He later worked in the Press Department of the Polish United Workers' Party. Since 1958, he manages the historical section of weekly Polityka.
In March 1965, while on governmental scholarship to the United States, he took part in Martin Luther King's march against racial segregation in the South of United States: from Selma to Montgomery.
He is a Vice-President of the Jewish Historical Institute Association in Poland, member of the governing board of the Association of Jews, War Veterans and Other Victims of the Second World War II, member of the International Auschwitz Council and Council of the association, which is managing the House of the Wannsee Conference. He is also an Honorary Committee member of the Jewish Motifs Association and the Jewish Motifs International Film Festival, which is organized by this association. Additionally, he also presides the Council of the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews (since 25 March 2009).
On 26 June 2016, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, he received occasional regards from, among others, President of Poland Andrzej Duda, President of Germany Joachim Gauck and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, President of United States Barack Obama, and President of Israel Shimon Peres.
In 2019, on the occasion of the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, he was invited to the United Nations to give a speech during the ceremony on the 28 January 2019, in the General Assembly room.
2020 Auschwitz speech
In 2020, in his speech during the ceremony of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz hosted on 27 January at the memorial site, he called: "Auschwitz did not fall from the sky. It began with small forms of persecution of Jews. It happened, it means it can happen anywhere. That is why human rights and democratic constitutions must be defended. The eleventh commandment is important: Don't be indifferent. Do not be indifferent when you see historical lies, do not be indifferent when any minority is discriminated, do not be indifferent when power violates a social contract."
In July 2020, he wrote an open letter published by Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in which he urged Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg to remove all Holocaust denying groups, pages and posts as part of the #No Denying It campaign launched by prominent Holocaust survivors.
Awards and decorations
- Silver Cross of Merit (Poland, 1946),
- Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland, 1997),
- Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany, 2007)
- Officer's Cross of the Legion of Honour (France, 2012),
- Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany for contribution to the Polish-German relations (Germany, 2013),
- Honorary badge "Merit for the Protection of Human Rights" (Poland, 2015),
- Golden Medal for Merit to Culture "Gloria Artis" (Poland, 2015),
- Honorary citizen of Warsaw (Poland, 2018),
- Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg, 2020).
- "Voices from the Lodz Ghetto". Archived from the original on 2013-09-03.
- "Marian Turski: Deportation — Media — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum". www.ushmm.org. Retrieved 2020-01-31.
- "Marian Turski: Przeżyłem dwa marsze śmierci. Po wojnie nic nie pamiętałem Co opowiadałem córce". 2020-01-27.
- "Obama: Przyjadę tutaj jeszcze raz" (in Polish).
- Komitet Honorowy
- "Marian Turski przewodniczącym Rady Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich" (in Polish).
- "Oficjalna strona Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej / Aktualności / Wypowiedzi Prezydenta RP / Listy / List Prezydenta RP z okazji 90. rocznicy urodzin Mariana Turskiego". www.prezydent.pl. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- Redakcja (2016-06-21). "90. urodziny Mariana Turskiego". www.polityka.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-01-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Holocaust Memorial Ceremony 2019 - International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust".
- "Wystąpienie Mariana Turskiego: Auschwitz nie spadł nagle z nieba". Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Auschwitz survivor blasts FB boss over Holocaust denial". Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Halina Paszkowska-)Turska" (in Polish).
- "Uchwała Prezydium Krajowej Rady Narodowej z dnia 13 lipca 1946 r. o odznaczeniu za zasługi w budownictwie nowej Demokratycznej Polski. - Metryka - Baza aktów prawnych - INFOR.pl - portal księgowych". www.infor.pl. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 5 marca 1997 r. o nadaniu orderów". prawo.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "Krzyż Zasługi dla Mariana Turskiego". Archived from the original on 2007-05-02.
- "Marian Turski odznaczony Legią Honorową". 2020-07-31.
- "Wielki Krzyż Zasługi dla Mariana Turskiego!". 2013-11-26.
- "Odznaka honorowa RPO dla Mariana Turskiego". Rzecznik Praw Obywatelskich (in Polish). 2015-11-12. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- "Lista laureatów medalu Zasłużony Kulturze – Gloria Artis".
- "Uchwała nr LXII/1663/2018 z 01-03-2018 w sprawie nadania Honorowego Obywatelstwa Miasta Stołecznego Warszawy". 2018-03-01.
- "Wystąpienie Turskiego z Oświęcimia cytowane w światowych mediach. Dziś publicysta otrzymał medal". 2020-07-31.