Mariane Pearl

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Mariane Pearl
Marianne Pearl.jpg
Mariane Pearl in 2003.
Born Mariane van Neyenhoff
(1967-07-23) 23 July 1967 (age 49)
Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Nationality French
Occupation Freelance journalist
Employer Glamour
Religion Soka Gakkai International (Nichiren Buddhism)
Spouse(s) Daniel Pearl (1999-2002; his death)
Children Adam Daniel Pearl (born on May 28, 2002)

Mariane van Neyenhoff Pearl (born 23 July 1967) is a French freelance journalist[1] and a former reporter and columnist[2] for Glamour magazine. She is the widow of the late Daniel Pearl,[3] an American journalist who was the Southeast Asia bureau chief for the Wall Street Journal. He was kidnapped and murdered by terrorists in Pakistan in early 2002, during the early months of the United States' War on Terror.

Pearl published a memoir, A Mighty Heart: The Inside Story of the Al Qaeda Kidnapping of Danny Pearl (2003), about her husband and his life. It was adapted as a film of the same name, released in 2007.

Life and career[edit]

Mariane van Neyenhoff was born in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France, to a Jewish Dutch father and Cuban mother of Afro-Chinese-Cuban descent. Her paternal grandfather was a diamond merchant in the Netherlands.[4][5][6][7] Marianne and her brother Satchi Van Neyenhoff were raised in Paris, where they both started their careers. Satchi Van Neyenhoff became a sound editor.[5][8]

Van Neyenhoff started in journalism. She became a reporter for international Glamour magazine. In addition, she had a column with the magazine, known as the Global Diary Column. She explored aspects of globalization as seen through fashion and its business elements.

Van Neyenhoff met American journalist Daniel Pearl in 1999, while he was on assignment in Paris.[9]

They married in August 1999 in Paris.[1] After Pearl was promoted to South Asia Bureau Chief for The Wall Street Journal, they lived for a time in Mumbai, India. She also traveled with him to Karachi, Pakistan, to cover aspects of the United States' War on Terrorism. In 2002 he was kidnapped after meeting a source for dinner. Pakistani militants announced the abduction. They murdered Daniel Pearl by beheading on February 1, 2002. The Pearls' son Adam Daniel was born in Paris four months after his father had been murdered.[10] Mariane Pearl is a practicing Nichiren Buddhist and a member of Soka Gakkai International.[11][12][13]

Mariane Pearl's memoir, A Mighty Heart, deals with the events surrounding her husband's kidnapping and murder by Pakistani militants in 2002. Both United States and Pakistani agencies joined to try to capture his killers and bring them to justice.

In July 2002, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh, a British national of Pakistani origin, was sentenced in Pakistan to death by hanging for Pearl's abduction and murder. Three other men were convicted of their roles in the journalist's murder.[14][15]

Adaptation of memoir[edit]

Her book was adapted for the 2007 film of the same name. Co-produced by Brad Pitt, Andrew Eaton and Dede Gardner[16] and directed by Michael Winterbottom, the film stars Angelina Jolie and Dan Futterman as Mariane and Daniel Pearl.[17][18][19][20]

Daniel Pearl Foundation[edit]

Pearl is a member of the honorary board of the Daniel Pearl Foundation[21] which was founded by Daniel's parents Ruth and Judea Pearl. Honorary board members include international correspondent Christiane Amanpour; former US President Bill Clinton; Pakistani philanthropist Abdul Sattar Edhi; president of Stanford University John L. Hennessy; Nightline anchorman Ted Koppel; Queen Noor of Jordan; Palestinian professor and president of Al-Quds University Sari Nusseibeh; violinist Itzhak Perlman; author Elie Wiesel, and others.

Lawsuit[edit]

Following the trials in Pakistan and revelations in 2007 by Al-Qaeda terrorists held by the United States of participation in Daniel Pearl's abduction and murder, in July 2007 Mariane Pearl filed suit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York[22][23] against a dozen named terrorists and a bank which may have financed them; she was seeking damages for their alleged roles in the abduction, torture and murder of her husband. Those named in the suit include Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh, already convicted of murder and sentenced to death; Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, being held by the US at Guantanamo Bay; and Habib Bank of Pakistan. On 24 October 2007, her attorneys dropped the lawsuit.

Lawyers for Mariane Pearl noted that Habib Bank Limited and the other defendants in the case had not answered the lawsuit filed in July (although Habib Bank Limited had denied ever supporting terrorism).[24] They did not explain their reason for dropping the action.[25] A spokesman has stated that the withdrawal was due to personal reasons of Pearl and should have no bearing on the merits of the lawsuit.[24]

Book[edit]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Jim Lehrer interviews Mariane Pearl, the wife of murdered Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl". The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. 18 March 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  2. ^ "Global Diary". Glamour magazine. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  3. ^ Bill Broadway (15 January 2005). "Intersection of Faith and Freedom: Richmond Group That Promotes Religious Tolerance Presents Listing of Top 10 Issues". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  4. ^ "A Widow, But Spare The Pity; Resisting Pressure To Sentimentalize Over Daniel Pearl". The New York Times. 6 October 2003. 
  5. ^ a b Mariane Pearl (August 2006). "The woman who gave me my strength". Glamour magazine.  Note: this article is also on the Institute for Jewish & Community Research website (link).
  6. ^ Heller McAlpin (2 October 2003). "Collateral Damage". Christian Science Monitor. 
  7. ^ Andrew O'Hehir (21 May 2007). "Beyond the Multiplex". Salon.com. Retrieved 2007-06-16. 
  8. ^ Satchi Van Neyenhoff at the Internet Movie Database
  9. ^ "Larry King Live: Transcript of Interview With Mariane Pearl". Larry King Live. 19 March 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Pearl's widow gives birth to their son Adam Daniel Pearl". CNN. 30 May 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  11. ^ "A Spirit of Defiance: Transcript of Radio Program". Speaking of Faith. 19 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  12. ^ Bill Broadway (23 March 2002). "Widow's Strength Inspires Faithful; Public Statements Demonstrate Pearl's Buddhist Beliefs". The Washington Post. HighBeam.com (abstract). Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  13. ^ Bill Broadway (6 April 2002). "Pearl's widow champions Buddhist beliefs, inspires the faithful". The Washington Post. Buddhist Fellowship news features. Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  14. ^ "Online NewsHour Update: Pakistan Convicts Four Men in Pearl Murder". PBS.org. 2002-07-15. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  15. ^ "Profile: Omar Saeed Sheikh". BBC News. July 16, 2002. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  16. ^ Justin Chang (21 May 2007). "A Mighty Heart: Cannes Film Festival Review". Variety. Retrieved 2007-06-16. 
  17. ^ Scott Bowles (10 October 2006). "Jolie and Pitt, with 'Heart'". USA Today. 
  18. ^ Agence France Presse (4 May 2007). "Angelina Jolie and Mariane Pearl discuss 'A Mighty Heart'". Turkish Daily News. 
  19. ^ Teresa Wiltz (23 June 2007). "A Part Colored By History". The Washington Post, p. C01. 
  20. ^ Asra Q. Nomani (24 June 2007). "A Mighty Shame". The Washington Post. 
  21. ^ "The Daniel Pearl Foundation". About the Daniel Pearl Foundation. Retrieved 2007-06-18.  External link in |work= (help)
  22. ^ Patricia Hurtado (18 July 2007). "Pearl Widow Sues Pakistan Bank Over Murder of Husband (Update5).". Bloomberg. 
  23. ^ Reuters (18 July 2007). "Mariane Pearl sues al Qaeda over husband's killing.". Yahoo! News. 
  24. ^ a b Reuters (25 October 2007). "Pearl widow drops lawsuit against al Qaeda". ABC News (Australia). 
  25. ^ Associated Press (24 October 2007). "Daniel Pearl's widow drops terror lawsuit: Wife of murdered journalist sought damages from al-Qaida, Pakistan bank". MSNBC. 
  26. ^ Mariane Pearl at the Internet Movie Database.

External links[edit]