|Birth name||Mariano Gómez de los Ángeles|
|Born||August 2, 1799|
Santa Cruz, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||February 17, 1872 (aged 72)|
Bagumbayan, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Martina Gomez (née Custodio)
Mariano Gómez de los Ángeles (Spanish: [ˈmaˈɾjano ˈɣomes]) was a Filipino Catholic priest, who was falsely accused of mutiny by the Spanish colonial authorities in the Philippines in the 19th century. He was placed in a mock trial and summarily executed in Manila along with two other clergymen collectively known as the Gomburza.
Gómez was born on August 2, 1799 in the suburb of Santa Cruz, Manila. He was a Tornatrás, one born of mixed native (Filipino), Chinese and Spanish ancestries. His parents were Alejandro Francisco Gómez and Martina Custodia. After studying in the Colegio de San Juan de Letrán, he took theology in the University of Santo Tomás. He was a student preparing for the priesthood in the Seminary of Manila.
Assignment in Cavite
On June 2, 1824, he was designated as the head priest of Bacoor, Cavite. Aside from taking care of the spiritual necessities of the town and the church, he also taught agriculture and cottage industries. Gómez also helped in maintaining a harmonious relationship among his other priests. He fought for equal rights for native priests against the abuses of their Spanish counterparts.
Gómez was accused of treason, sedition, and taking active part in the Cavite mutiny of 1872 and sentenced to death by garrote in a military court. He was sent to jail along with Fray José Burgos, Fray Jacinto Zamora, Joaquín Pardo de Tavera, and Máximo Paterno. The three friars were executed on February 17, 1872 at Bagumbayan field; and have been known since then by the acronym composed of their collective surnames – Gomburza.
Before his death, Gómez was active in the publication of the newspaper "La Verdad" (Spanish, "The Truth").
At the age of 72, he was the oldest of the three priests.
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Victor Aliwalas in official Music Video GMA Lupang Hinirang in 2010
- Portrayed by Rommel Padilla in the 2014 film, Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo.
- Raquel A. G. Reyes (2008). Love, Passion and Patriotism: Sexuality and the Philippine propaganda movement, 1882-1892. NUS Press. p. 263.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mariano Gomez.|
- Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press.
- Ignacio, Josefina O. (1979). Biographies of Filipino Heroes. Merriam-Webster, Inc.