Mariano Ignacio Prado

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Mariano Ignacio Prado
Mariano Prado.jpg
27th President of Peru
In office
April 25, 1865 – June 24, 1865
Preceded by Juan Antonio Pezet
Succeeded by Juan Antonio Pezet
29th President of Peru
In office
November 28, 1865 – January 7, 1868
Preceded by Pedro Diez Canseco
Succeeded by Pedro Diez Canseco
32nd President of Peru
In office
August 2, 1876 – December 23, 1879
Preceded by Manuel Pardo
Succeeded by Nicolás de Piérola
Personal details
Born December 18, 1825[1]
Died May 5, 1901 (1901-05-06) (aged 74)
Profession Army General

Mariano Ignacio Prado Ochoa (December 18, 1825[2] – May 5, 1901) was a Peruvian army general who served as the 27th (1865), 29th (1865 - 1868) and 32nd (1876 - 1879) President of Peru.


Born in Huánuco in 1825, he entered the army at an early age and served in the provinces of Southern Peru.

After a coup which overthrew Juan Antonio Pezet's government, Prado assumed the dictatorship of the country in 1865. He only served in that position for two months, leaving Pedro Diez Canseco as a provisional president for less than a month. Prado's intentions were to participate in that year's elections which, surprisingly, he won. He defended Peru against Spanish aggression at the Battle of Callao on May 2, 1866. His first presidency lasted until 1868 when he had to resign under pressure from the Peruvian Congress.

After Manuel Pardo's presidential term ended in 1876, Prado was elected president again on August 2 of that year. His second term was marked with the War of the Pacific (1879–1884) which broke out with Chile. Prado took active measures to prepare for defence by leaving for Tacna and later Tarapacá (where he met Bolivian president Hilarión Daza), with the intention of taking command of the armies assembling there. He assessed Peru was not ready for the war and decided to go back to Lima to prepare and send back new reinforcements.

In the course of these deliberations, Prado left his vice-president La Puerta in charge and decided to leave for Europe to buy more armament and obtain more money for the war. Prado wrote a manifesto to the nation explaining the difficulties of the war and that those "circumstances forced him to leave the country to acquire armament to defend the honor of the Homeland". Many Peruvians took this as a cowardly act and excuse for his inability to govern in the middle of the war, which led Nicolás de Piérola to stage a successful coup d'état and later declared himself commander-in-chief on December 23, 1879. Prado did not return to Peru until the end of the war, having defected to Chile, where he was made a General. The funds entrusted to him for the war effort were misplaced in Chilean coal mines, which considerably increased his personal wealth.

His newly acquired fortune enabled him to move back to Europe; he died in Paris, France in 1901. His son Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, killed during the War of the Pacific, is one of the traditional heroes of Peru, while the other son Manuel Prado Ugarteche was two times President of Peru.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ García Belaunde, Víctor Andrés (2016). El expediente Prado (in Spanish). Lima, Perú: Asociación Civil Mercurio Peruano. p. 47. ISBN 978-612-45288-6-6. 
  2. ^ García Belaunde, Víctor Andrés (2016). El expediente Prado (in Spanish). Lima, Perú: Asociación Civil Mercurio Peruano. p. 451. ISBN 978-612-45288-6-6. En esta santa iglesia parroquial de Huánuco el diez y nueve de diciembre de mil ochocientos veinte y cinco días: Yo el infrascripto cura vicario exorcicé, bauticé, puse óleo y crisma a Mariano Ygnacio, de edad de dos días, hijo lexítimo de Ygnacio Prado y doña Francisca Ochoa. Fue su madrina doña Josefa Talancha. Testigos: Gregorio Retes y Mariano Retes, lo que certifico. Manuel Herrera (Archivo de la Iglesia del Sagrario de Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes de Huánuco: Libro Nº 34, año 1825, f. 145) 


1. ↑ Mazzei de Grazia, Leonardo (2000). «Gestiones empresariales de un norteamericano en Concepción en el siglo XIX: Guillermo Gibson Délano». Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Concepción.. Consultado el 31 Ene 2007.

  • García Belaunde, Víctor Andrés (2016). El expediente Prado (in Spanish). Lima, Perú: Asociación Civil Mercurio Peruano. ISBN 978-612-45288-6-6. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Juan Antonio Pezet
Interim President of Peru
April 1865 – June 1865
Succeeded by
Juan Antonio Pezet
Preceded by
Pedro José Calderón
Prime Minister of Peru
November 9, 1865 – June 1867
Succeeded by
Pedro J. Saavedra
Preceded by
Pedro Diez Canseco
President of Peru
November 1865 – January 1868
Succeeded by
Pedro Diez Canseco
Preceded by
Manuel Pardo
President of Peru
August 1876 – December 1879
Succeeded by
Nicolás de Piérola