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Marie-Joseph Lagrange (7 March 1855, in Bourg-en-Bresse – 10 March 1938, in Marseille; earlier Albert Marie-Henri Lagrange) was a Catholic priest in the Dominican Order and founder of the École Biblique in Jerusalem. A scholar of wide-ranging interests, he was the author of Critique textuelle; II, La critique rationnelle (Paris, 1936), an influential handbook of textual theory and method as related to the textual criticism of the New Testament. Père Lagrange, like other scholars involved in the 19th-century renaissance of biblical studies, was suspected of being a Modernist. The Historical-Critical Method was considered suspect by the Vatican. In 1912 Lagrange was given an order of silence and the Revue biblique ceased publication. The École itself was closed for a time.
- Lagrange, Marie-Joseph (1905). Historical Criticism and the Old Testament. London.
- ——— (1914). Saint Justin, philosophe, martyr. Paris: Libraire Victor Lecoffre.
- ——— (1920). The Meaning of Christianity according to Luther and his followers in Germany. London, New York: Longham, Green and co.
- ——— (1921). Evangile selon Saint Luc. Paris: Libraire Victor Lecoffre.
- Jean Guitton, Portrait du père Lagrange, celui qui a réconcilié la science et la foi, Robert Laffont, 1992.
- Bernard Montagnes, Marie-Joseph Lagrange - Une biographie critique, Paris, Cerf, 2004.
- The Story of Father Marie-Joseph Lagrange: Founder of the Modern Catholic Bible Study
- Marie-Joseph Lagrange on the Encyclopædia Britannica