Marie-Louise Gagneur

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Marie-Louise Gagneur
Gagneur in 1872.
Gagneur in 1872.
BornMarie-Louise Mignerot
(1832-05-25)25 May 1832
Domblans, France
Died17 February 1902(1902-02-17) (aged 69)
Paris, France
Literary movementFeminism
SpouseWladimir Gagneur

Marie-Louise Gagneur (née Mignerot, 25 May 1832 – 17 February 1902)[1] was a French feminist writer and activist. In 1901, she was awarded the Legion of Honour.

Personal life[edit]

Mignerot was born in Domblans to Césarine Martin, who worked for Charles Fourier, and Claude Corneille Mignerot.[2] She was brought up at a convent, where she disagreed with the religious education.[3] She married Wladimir Gagneur in 1856 or 1857.[4] Gagneur was 25 years older than her,[2] and had fought in the French Revolution of 1848.[4]


Gagneur wrote essays, short stories and novels. Her works focused on anti-clericalism, especially when she was writing during the Franco-Prussian War.[2] In 1855, she produced the pamphlet Projet d’association industrielle et domestique pour les classes ouvrières (Project of industrial and domestic association for the working classes), which was noticed by Wladimir Gagneur.[2]

Gagneur wrote more than 20 novels. Her first novel was Le Siècle (The Century).[4][5] La Croisade noire (The Black Crusade, 1864), an anti-clerical novel set in the 1850s, had five editions by 1872,[6] and is believed to have been based on her experiences growing up in a convent.[4] The novel was also reprinted in a local newspaper.[7] Her 1870 book Les Vierges Russes (The Russian Virgins) was translated into English in 1871.[8] Other notable works include Une expiation (An Atonement, 1859), Le Roman d’un prêtre (The Novel of a Priest, 1882), and Le Crime de l’Abbé Maufrac (The Crime of Abbott Maufrac, 1882).[1]

In 1864, Gagneur joined the Société des gens de lettres.[2] In 1891, she challenged the Académie française on their anti-feminist views,[2] asking for the feminisation of names.[9] During her life, she also called for reform of French divorce laws.[8] In 1901, she was awarded a Chevalier (Knight) of the Legion of Honour.[2][10]

Notable works[edit]

  • Le Siècle (The Century)
  • Une expiation (An Atonement), 1859
  • La Croisade noire (The Black Crusade), 1864
  • Les Vierges Russes (The Russian Virgins), 1870
  • Le Roman d’un prêtre (The Novel of a Priest), 1882
  • Le Crime de l’Abbé Maufrac (The Crime of Abbott Maufrac), 1882


  1. ^ a b "Marie-Louise Gagneur (1832–1902): nom d'alliance" (in French). Gallicia. Retrieved 28 December 2018 – via Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Musnik, Roger (25 June 2018). "Marie-Louise Gagneur (1832–1902)" (in French). Gallicia. Retrieved 28 December 2018 – via Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  3. ^ "Revue universelle : recueil documentaire universel et illustré" (in French). Gallicia. 1902. p. 186. Retrieved 28 December 2018 – via Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  4. ^ a b c d An Encyclopedia of Continental Women Writers, Volume 1. 1. Taylor & Francis. 1991. p. 437. ISBN 978-0-8240-8547-6. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  5. ^ Le Juez, Brigitte (2004). Clergés et cultures populaires (in French). Jean Monnet University. pp. 74–75. ISBN 9782862723242. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  6. ^ "La croisade noire : roman contemporain (5e édition)" (in French). Gallicia. Retrieved 30 December 2018 – via Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  7. ^ DeMarco, Eileen (2006). Reading and Riding: Hachette's Railroad Bookstore Network in Nineteenth-century France. Lehigh University Press. p. 139. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b Fitzsimmons, Eleanor (September 2017). Wilde's Women: How Oscar Wilde Was Shaped by the Women He Knew. The Overlook Press. ISBN 978-1-4683-1326-0. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  9. ^ Offen, Karen (January 2018). Debating the Woman Question in the French Third Republic, 1870–1920. Cambridge University Press. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-107-18804-4. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  10. ^ Auclert, Hubertine (26 February 1901). "Le féminisme – Croix méritée". Le Radical (in French). Retrieved 28 December 2018 – via Bibliothèque nationale de France.