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Marie-Louise Fébronie Chassé
August 29, 1880
Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada
|Died||April 16, 1998|
(aged 117 years, 230 days)
Corbeil, Ontario, Canada
|Known for||Oldest validated Canadian ever
Oldest living person (August 4, 1997 – April 16, 1998)
(m. 1900; died 1911)
(m. 1915; died 1972)
Marie-Louise Fébronie Meilleur (née Chassé; August 29, 1880 – April 16, 1998) was a Canadian supercentenarian. Meilleur is the oldest validated Canadian ever and upon the death of longevity world record holder Jeanne Calment, became the world's oldest recognized living person. She was succeeded as the oldest living person by Sarah Knauss.
Marie-Louise Fébronie Chassé was born in 1880 and raised in Kamouraska, Quebec, where she married her first husband, Étienne Leclerc, at age 20 in 1900. Leclerc was a fisherman and died of pneumonia on February 24, 1911, aged 39. They had six children; four survived to adulthood.
In the following twelve months, both of her parents died: her father on June 25, 1911, aged 61; and her mother on February 23, 1912, aged 59.
Move to Ontario
In 1913, Marie-Louise placed two of her four surviving children with family or friends, and moved to the Ontario border to help support her sister, whose children were sick with diphtheria. There she married her second husband, Hector Meilleur, on October 25, 1915. They had six children together.
Return to Kamouraska and later life
Meilleur did not return to the Quebec region until 1939, when she settled again in Kamouraska. Her second husband Hector Meilleur died in 1972 at age 93, of diabetes.
From that time Meilleur lived with one of her daughters for a period. When she needed more care, she moved to a nursing home in Corbeil. Of the twelve children born to her, only four survived her. She had 85 grandchildren, 80 great-grandchildren, 57 great-great-grandchildren, and four great-great-great-grandchildren.
Meilleur quit smoking at age 102 in 1982, after catching a cold. In 1986, when asked the secret to long life, she claimed it was hard work. Meilleur was a vegetarian. She became the world's oldest living person on August 4, 1997, after the death of 122-year-old Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment. By her 117th birthday, she was too weak to talk. She could hear only if someone shouted directly into her right ear.
Marie Louise Meilleur died of a thrombus at age 117 in April 1998 in Corbeil. One of her sons was living in the same nursing home, and her oldest living daughter, Gabrielle Vaughan, was ninety. Vaughan died in 2004 at age 96. Meilleur was buried alongside her second husband in Swisha, where she had previously lived.
American Sarah Knauss (1880–1999) succeeded her as the oldest living person.
- Jeune, Bernard; et al. (May 2010). "Jeanne Calment and her Successors.". In Maier, Heiner (ed.). Supercentenarians (Demographic Research Monographs). Springer. pp. 295–298. ISBN 978-3-642-11519-6.
- "Marie-Louise Meilleur, 118; Listed as Oldest Person in World". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 1998-04-18. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "Canadian Women, 116, Is Oldest Documented Person". The Chicago Tribune. August 14, 1997. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
- "Veg Out, Live Longer". The Independent. October 6, 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
- Jr, Robert Mcg Thomas (18 April 1998). "Marie-Louise Meilleur, 117, And Felicie Cormier, 118". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- http://www3.sympatico.ca/mgchassey/M_Lse/M_Lse.htm (in French)
- http://www3.sympatico.ca/mgchassey/M_Lse/M_Lse2.htm (in French)