Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon
|Marie Anne Éléonore|
|Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs|
22 December 1690|
Palace of Versailles, France
|Died||30 August 1760
|Father||Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon|
|Mother||Louise Françoise de Bourbon|
Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon (Marie Anne Éléonore Gabrielle; 22 December 1690 – 30 August 1760) was a daughter of Louis de Bourbon. She was the Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs, an abbey in the Villejuif suburb of Paris.
Marie Anne Éléonore was born at the Palace of Versailles to the Duke and Duchess of Bourbon. The eldest child of her parents she was known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon in her youth. In her early years she was close to her mother but was later replaced by her sister Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon. Her father was the grandson of le Grand Condé and her mother, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon was the eldest surviving daughter of Louis XIV of France and his Maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.
On 6 May 1706 at the age of 16, she was made a nun at the Royal Abbey of Fontevraud in Anjou. She was later made the Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs in 1723 and was known as Madame de Bourbon. Saint-Antoine-des-Champs had been an abbey since the 13th century.
She outlived all of her siblings apart from her sister Dowager Princess of Conti and grand mother of the future Philippe Égalité. Dying in the Parisian suburb of Villejuif, she was buried at the Abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs.
Her sister Henriette Louise de Bourbon was an abbess at Beaumont-lès-Tours and a cousin Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans was the Abbess of Chelles. The Abbey at Saint-Antoine is now the home of the Hôpital Saint-Antoine outside Paris.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 22 December 1690 – 6 May 1706 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Bourbon
- 1723 – 30 August 1760 Her Serene Highness Madame de Bourbon
- Achaintre, Nicolas Louis (1825). Histoire Généalogique Et Chronologique de la Maison Royale de Bourbon (in French). 2. Paris: Jules Didot Aine. p. 407.
- Barthelemy, Edouard (1883). Les correspondants de la marquise de Balleroy (in French). 2. Paris: Lebraierie Hachette Et C. pp. 529–530.
- Houry, Laurent (1749). Almanach national: annuaire officiel de la République française (in French). Paris. p. 34.