Charles Louis d'Albert de Luynes

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Charles Louis d'Albert de Luynes (Marie Charles Louis; 24 April 1717 – 8 October 1771) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Albert. He was the fifth Duke of Luynes as well as Duke of Chevreuse.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Paris[2] at the Hôtel de Luynes on the rue Saint Dominique,[2] as the only child of Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes and his wife Louise Léontine de Bourbon, he was styled the duc de Chevreuse while his father was alive. Charles Louis was the titular Duke of Montfort. Through his mother, a granddaughter of Louis Henri de Bourbon who was an illegitimate son of the Count of Soissons, Charles Louis was also the claimant to the Principality of Neuchâtel in modern day Switzerland.

His parents were great friends of Queen Marie Leszczyńska, consort of Louis XV of France. At his father's death in 1758, he succeeded to the title of Duke of Luynes.

Marriages and issue[edit]

He married twice.

  • Firstly he married Thérèse Pélagie d'Albert on 22 January 1735[1] but the couple had no issue;
  • Secondly he married Henriette Nicole d'Egmont-Pignatelli on 27 April 1738[1] with whom he had three children with:
  1. Charles Marie Léopold d'Albert de Luynes, Count of Dunois (23 May 1740 – 12 April 1758) died unmarried;
  2. Marie Paule Angélique d'Albert de Luynes (17 September 1744 – ?) married her cousin Louis Joseph d'Albert, Duke of Chaulnes, no issue;
  3. Louis Joseph Charles Amable d'Albert de Luynes, Duke of Luynes (4 November 1748 – 1807) married Guyonne Élisabeth de Montmorency-Laval (aunt of Mathieu de Montmorency) and had issue.[1]

Military career[edit]

He took part in the war in 1733 in the War of the Polish Succession. He also took part in campaigns in 1735 and 1745, the latter in the War of the Austrian Succession, and was injured in combat at Sahay at the head of the Dragoons. He participated in the attack of Prague in 1742, and also assisted in various sieges and battles of the era.

In 1754, he was created a Colonel General of the Dragoons. From 1757 to 1771, he was the Gouverneur de Paris (Military governor of Paris), an ancient and prestigious rank representing the king in the capital. He also was created a Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit at Versailles on 2 February 1759.

He died in Paris in his Hôtel.[2] He was buried at the Chapelle de Saint Jean l'Évangeliste at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d van de Pas, Leo. "Charles Louis d'Abert de Luynes". Genealogics.org. Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d von Rosen, Laurent Tahon. "Ducs de France: les 32 quartiers des ducs français et de leurs épouses". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
French nobility
Preceded by
Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes
Duke of Luynes
1758–1771
Succeeded by
Louis Joseph d'Albert de Luynes