Marie Magdalene Elisabeth Hassenpflug
27 December 1788
Altenhaßlau, Landgrafschaft Hessen-Darmstadt
|Died||21 November 1856 (aged 67)|
|Spouse(s)||Friedrich von Dalwigk zu Schauenburg|
Marie Magdalene Elisabeth Hassenpflug (27 December 1788 – 21 November 1856) was a German author whose versions of various folk tales were an important source for the collection of tales by the Brothers Grimm. She is best known for her versions of "Little Red Riding Hood" (Rotkäppchen), "Sleeping Beauty" (Dornröschen), and "Snow White" (Schneewittchen).
Marie Magdalene Elisabeth Hassenpflug was born in the Ortsteil Altenhaßlau of Linsengericht district in Landgrafschaft Hessen-Darmstadt, Imperial State of Holy Roman Empire on 27 December 1788. Her father Johannes Hassenpflug (1755–1834) had been married since 1788 to Marie Magdalena Dresen (1767–1840), who came from a Huguenot family living in Hanau.
On 14 October 1789, the family moved into a house called Haus Lossow at the marketplace's corner of Lindenstraße in Neustadt, when her father was appointed the Schultheiß of Neustadt-Hanau. She grew up in that house, where the family lived until 1799. She had a brother, Hans Ludwig Alexander, as well as two sisters, Jeanette and Amalie.
She was sickly when young, and one scholar, Heinz Rölleke, surmises that frequent bouts of being bedridden may have made her more receptive to fairy tales. Through another family, the Engelhards, she became friends with the Grimm family. Her brother Ludwig married the sister Lotte of the Brothers Grimm.
On 21 August 1814, Marie Hassenpflug married Friedrich von Dalwigk zu Schauenburg, who was stationed in Hanau as a captain of the Kurprinz regiment. They lived on her husband's estate in Hoof (today part of Schauenburg) and in Hanau, where their son, Ludwig Alexander, was born on 24 January 1817.
From 1819 to 1824, she served as a court lady to Herzogin Marie Friederike von Anhalt-Bernburg, a daughter of the Landgraf and later Kurfürst Wilhelm IX/I of Hesse-Kassel. When her husband was the chamberlain of the duchess, they lived in the Hanau City Palace. She died in Kassel on 21 November 1856.
Hassenpflug wrote a series of fairy tales that the Grimm brothers adapted for their children's and household fairy tales (Kinder- und Hausmärchen, KHM): Little Brother and Sister (KHM 11), Little Red Riding Hood (KHM 26), The Girl Without Hands (KHM 31), The Robber Groom (KHM 40), Daumerling's Wanderings (KHM 45), Sleeping Beauty (KHM 50), The Water Mermaid (KHM 79), The Golden Key (KHM 200), Phoenix Bird (KHM 75a), The Blacksmith and the Devil (KHM 81a), Der Froschprinz (KHM 99a), the text fragment with the louse, and possibly Snow White (KHM 53).
The identification of Herman Grimm's "Old Marie" with the much younger Marie Hassenpflug, which Heinz Rölleke made in a 1991 essay, also explains the sometimes verbatim correspondence with similar fairy tales by Charles Perrault: her mother was a Huguenot from the Dauphiné, and thus the family was well acquainted with French fairy tales (Rölleke noted elsewhere that the family spoke French at the dinner table until the late 1880s), which Marie, as well as her sisters Jeannette and Amalia, then told to the Grimms.
- "Wohnhaus von Marie Hassenpflug" (PDF) (in German). Hanau. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
- Ruf, Theodor (1995). Die Schöne aus dem Glassarg - Schneewittchens märchenhaftes und wirkliches Leben. Königshausen & Neumann. p. 19. ISBN 3-88479-967-3.
- "Wo Marie Hassenpflug als Kind lebte". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 6 September 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- Rölleke, Heinz (1986). "The 'Utterly Hessian' Fairy Tales by 'Old Marie': The End of a Myth". In Bottigheimer, Ruth B. (ed.). Fairy Tales and Society: Illusion, Allusion, and Paradigm. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 287–300. ISBN 978-0-8122-0150-5. OCLC 681999404.
- Boehncke, Heiner; Schmidt, Phoebe Alexa (2013). Marie Hassenpflug: Eine Märchenerzählerin der Brüder Grimm (in German). Darmstadt. ISBN 978-3-8053-4536-1. OCLC 856902587.
- Bottigheimer, Ruth B. (2006). "Clever Maids: The Secret History of the Grimm Fairy Tales. By Valerie Paradiz. (book review)". Marvels & Tales. 20 (1): 127–129. doi:10.1353/mat.2006.0004. ISSN 1536-1802. S2CID 162382123.
- Rölleke, Heinz (1991). "New Results of Research on Grimm's Fairy Tales". In McGlathery, James M. (ed.). The Brothers Grimm and Folktale. University of Illinois Press. pp. 101–111. ISBN 9780252061912.
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