Marie Ljalková

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Marie Ljalková
Born (1920-12-03)December 3, 1920
Horodenka, Poland
Died November 7, 2011(2011-11-07) (aged 90)
Brno, Czech Republic
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Years of service 1942–1953
Rank Colonel
Unit First Czechoslovak Independent Field Battalion
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Order of the Red Star
Czechoslovakian War Cross
Order of the White Lion

Marie Ljalková-Lastovecká (3 December 1920 – 7 November 2011) was a Czechoslovak sniper, military medic and member of the Czechoslovak Army in exile fighting alongside Soviet Army during World War II.

Personal life[edit]

Ljalková (born Petrušáková) was born in Horodenka, Poland (today in Ukraine) to a family of Volhynian Czechs. She lost her parents at the age of 12 and then lived with her aunt in Stanisławów (today Ivano-Frankivs'k, Ukraine). She met her first husband, Michal Ljalko, there. After the World War she remarried twice.[1]

World War II[edit]

After the German attack on the Soviet Union, Ljalková together with her husband joined the First Czechoslovak Independent Field Battalion as a volunteer in March 1942, aged 21,. She then underwent a medical course and three-month sniper course in Buzuluk.

Her first combat experience came during the three-day Battle of Sokolovo (March 8–11, 1943) when she was credited with killing seven German soldiers, earning her immediate ace status. Her performance was even noticed by nazi anti-czechoslovak propaganda in the occupied Czech lands (in order to stress the outlandish character of the Czechoslovak military unit.).[2]

Ljalková later became a sniper instructor of the Czechoslovak and Soviet infantry. After the women were withdrawn from combat units in 1944, she became a head medic of the Czechoslovak tank battalion.[3]

Awards[edit]

She was credited with at least 30 confirmed kills during the war.[4] This number is not exact according to Ljalková's own words, because the real numbers are not known. She was awarded the Soviet Order of the Red Star and the Czechoslovak War Cross.

Post World War II[edit]

After the war, she studied medicine and worked as a military doctor in Olomouc and at the Central Military Hospital in Prague. She later moved to Brno hospital where she met her second husband, Václav Lastovecký. She eventually attained the rank of colonel, but due to health problems she left the army and started to work as a tourist guide for Russian speaking tourists. She spent the rest of her life in Brno.[5]

On October 28, 2010 she received the Order of the White Lion, Second Class, Czech second highest military honour.[6]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ljalková (Petruščáková, Navrátíková, Lastovecká) Marie". Československé ženy (in Czech). Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Roland, H. (1943). Váleční zajatci vypovídají…. Praha: Orbis. p. 40. 
  3. ^ Šír, Vojtěch (5 March 2008). "Odstřelovačka Marie Ljalková - Lastovecká". Fronta.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  4. ^ Benešová 2009
  5. ^ Jičínská 2008
  6. ^ hrad.cz 2010