She was born in Paris. At the age of 12, she was sent from France to be educated in England for two years. She then moved back across the Channel to study with Mocker and Auber at the Paris Conservatoire, where she received the first prize in singing in 1865. That same year, at the age of 16, she made her debut at the Opéra-Comique. Her success there led to engagements with the Paris Opéra, and later in London. From 1876 she worked with the Carl Rosa Opera Company during their UK tours and in Scotland over a ten-year period. She sang more than a dozen roles ranging from Carmen and Manon to Marguerite. In 1877, she was engaged by the Max Strakosch Opera Company and made her American debut on 8 January 1878 in Philadelphia as Leonora in Donizetti's La favorita.
She later toured the United States with the Carl Rosa Opera Company from 1883 to 1889 and was particularly noted for her interpretation of the title role Bizet's Carmen. In 1890, she set up a music school and taught singing in Paris. She made her farewell tour in 1894.
Marie Roze was married first to the operatic bass, Jule E. Perkins. Her second husband was one of the sons of James Henry Mapleson (known as James, 1830-1901), a noted impresario. This son, named and known as Henry, was like his father styled Colonel (d.1927).
Her son Raymond (1875-1920) was the Director of Covent Garden and a minor composer. His opera Joan of Arc was performed at the Royal Opera House, London, in 1913 and at the Paris Opera (Garnier), in 1917.
Marie Roze has received multiple medals for her actions during the German invasion of France. At her passing, the French government ordered a bust of Marie Roze in her role in Galatea to be erected over her tomb at the Père Lachaise Cemetery, and acquired two of her portraits by Alexis Perignon and Paul Emmanuel de Pommayrac. They hang in the Paris Opera Garnier Library and Paris Opera Comique.
- Baltzell, W. J., "Roze, Marie" in Baltzell's Dictionary of Musicians, originally published in 1910, facsimile edition published by Read Books, 2007. ISBN 1-4067-5382-3
- New York Times, "Mme. Marie Roze: Arrival of the New Prima Donna of the Strakosch Company", 31 December 1877.
- New York Times, "Marie Roze as Carmen: An Immense Audience in the Boston Globe Theatre", 11 November 1880.
- "Marie Roze". Opera Scotland. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Jule E. Perkins,basso profundo in Italy". Handbook of Chicago Biography. 1893. p. 285.</refJames Henry Mapleson