Marie Thérèse of France (1667–1672)

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Marie Thérèse
Madame Royale
Marie therese de bourbon.jpg
Portrait by Nocret (1671)
Born(1667-01-02)2 January 1667
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died1 March 1672(1672-03-01) (aged 5)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Burial
Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
Full name
Marie Thérèse de France
HouseBourbon
FatherLouis XIV of France
MotherMaria Theresa of Spain

Marie Thérèse of France (2 January 1667 – 1 March 1672) was the fourth child and third daughter of Louis XIV of France and his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the king's daughter, she was a Fille de France and was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale because she was the king's eldest surviving daughter. She did not survive childhood dying at the age of five due to tuberculosis.

Life[edit]

Marie Thérèse was born 2 January 1667 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Her parents had her baptised in the Palais du Louvre in 1668. Her parents reputedly adored the young girl, and her mother wanted her to become the queen of her native Spain. As a fille de France, Marie Thérèse was entitled by law to the style of Her Royal Highness, but was referred to simply as '"Madame Royale".[citation needed]

She was also known as La Petite Madame to distinguish her from her aunts, the wives of her uncle Monsieur, who were known as the first Madame (Henrietta of England) (died 1670) and the second Madame (Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate) (died 1722). The young Marie Thérèse died on 1 March 1672 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, outside Paris, France.

Ancestry[edit]

Patrilineal descent[edit]

Jean Nocret - Louis XIV et la famille royale - Google Art Project.jpg
Cropped image of family portrait[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Anselm de Guibours (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.
  2. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (Königin von Frankreich)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 6. Wikisource. p. 152. 
  3. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip IV., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ a b Leonie Frieda (14 March 2006). Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. HarperCollins. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-06-074493-9. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  5. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip III., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Margaretha (Königin von Spanien)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 13. 
  7. ^ Nocret, Jean (1670-01-01), English: Marie Therese of France, Petit Madame. (detail of "Louis XIV and His Family"), retrieved 2017-04-19
Marie Thérèse of France (1667–1672)
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 2 January 1667 Died: 1 March 1672
French nobility
Preceded by
Anne Marie d'Orléans
"Madame Royale"
1667-1672
Succeeded by
Louise Élisabeth of France