Marie Z. Chino
|Marie Z. Chino|
|Died||November 10, 1982|
|Nationality||American, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico|
|Movement||Revival of the Mimbres, Tularosa, and Anasazi cultures' pottery forms; matriarch of the Chino family of potters|
|Awards||Lifetime Achievement Award, Southwestern Association for Indian Arts, 1998|
Marie Zieu Chino (1907–1982) was a Native American potter from Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico. Marie and her friends Lucy M. Lewis and Jessie Garcia are recognized as the three most important Acoma potters during the 1950s. Along with Juana Leno, they have been called "The Four Matriarchs" who "revived the ancient style of Acoma pottery." The inspiration for many designs used on their pottery were found on old potsherds gathered to use for temper. Together they led the revival of ancient pottery forms including the Mimbres, Tularosa and other various cultures in the Anasazi region. This revival spread to other potters who also accepted the old styles, which led to new innovative designs and variations of style and form.
In 1922, Marie won her first award at the Santa Fe Indian Market at the age of fifteen. She went on to receive numerous awards for her pottery from 1970-1982. In 1998 the Southwestern Association for Indian Arts recognized Marie with a “Lifetime Achievement Award.”
Marie became particularly well known for her fine-line black-on-white pottery and vases with the step design. Her pots were distinctive in their complex geometric designs as well as the combination of life forms and abstract symbols. Some of her favorite designs include: Mimbres animals, Tularosa swirls, Acoma parrots, rainbows, bushes with berries, leaves, rain, clouds, lightning and fine-line snowflakes.
Marie was the matriarch of the Chino family of potters. She helped her children and grandchildren learn the fine art of pottery making and had many students. Marie had five daughters who were potters, "of whom Grace, Carrie and Rose achieved reputations as excellent potters." Pottery by her daughter Vera Chino is held by the Holmes Museum of Anthropology.
When Marie traveled to the Indian art shows or the Indian Market in Santa Fe, she often took her family with her. There they met people from around the world who loved to collect their pottery. This instilled a sense of pride and unity throughout the Chino family. Marie’s descendants have carried on the tradition of making fine Acoma pottery.
Marie's work is held by the Holmes Museum of Anthropology, the Spurlock Museum, and by the National Museum of the American Indian and the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C.,
References and further reading
- "Jessie Garcia-Acoma". Traditional Pueblo Arts. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- Winston, Steve. "Acoma, The Four Matriarchs: The women who revived Acoma pottery sparked a new generation to be keepers of the flame". Western Art and Architecture. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Pottery: Acoma". Ancient Voices Museum located on the web. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Carrie Charlie". Cibola Beacon: Obituaries. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Arts of the Americas: Vase, Grace Chino, Haak’u (Acoma Pueblo), Native American, 1929-1995". Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Chino, Grace T. (1929-1994)". King Galleries of Scottsdale. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "In Loving Memory of Rose Chino Garcia, 1928-2000". Traditional Acoma Pottery. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- Vera Chino pottery at the Holmes Museum of Anthropology
- Marie Z. Chino pottery at the Holmes Museum of Anthropology
- "Artifact Record Details: Olla, Jar (2003.07.0001) , Marie Z. Chino (1907-1982)". Collections, Spurlock Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Marie Z. Chino : Native American Potter, 1907-1984". Art Cyclopedia. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- Hayes, Allan; John Blom (1996). Southwestern pottery: Anasazi to Zuni. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Publishing. ISBN 9780873586566.
- Schaaf, Gregory. Southern Pueblo Pottery: 2,000 Artist Biographies. 2002.
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