Marie biscuit

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Marie biscuit
Galleta María.jpg
Type Biscuit
Place of origin England
Creator Peek Freans
Main ingredients Wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil (palm oil in most recipes, sunflower seed oil in e.g. Norway and Finland), vanilla
Cookbook: Marie biscuit  Media: Marie biscuit

A Marie is a type of sweet biscuit similar to a Rich tea biscuit. While the Rich tea biscuit is the most popular version of this biscuit in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man, it is the Marie version that is most popular around the world.

Description[edit]

The biscuit is round and usually has its name embossed upon its top surface, the edges of which are also embossed with an intricate design. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, palm oil or sunflower seed oil and, unlike the Rich tea biscuit, is typically vanilla flavoured. In Norway it is labelled "Palm oil free" (Uten palmeolje).

Palm oil free Marie biscuit sold in the Norwegian market

History[edit]

The Marie biscuit was created by the London bakery Peek Freans in 1874 to commemorate the marriage of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia to the Duke of Edinburgh.[1] It became popular throughout Europe, particularly in Spain where, following the Civil War, the biscuit became a symbol of the country's economic recovery after bakeries produced mass quantities to consume a surplus of wheat.[2]

Consumption[edit]

Marie biscuit used to make Batik cake, a type of chocolate cake (similar to the hedgehog slice) popular in Malaysia and Brunei.

Like the Rich tea biscuit, many consider the Marie's plain flavour particularly suitable for dunking in tea. Other popular methods of consuming the biscuit includes using two to make a sandwich with butter and marmite or condensed milk spread in between; covering it with golden syrup; or crumbling it up in custard and jelly (gelatin dessert). Marie biscuits are frequently served to children, and infants who may be served the biscuits softened in milk as their first solid food. Marie biscuits are also a common ingredient in home baking recipes. In Spain, natillas custard is typically served with a Maria on it. In Uruguay they are served filled with Dulce de Leche, and sprinkled with shredded coconut. In Brazil they are soaked in milk and then stacked in layers stuffed with chocolate or vanilla flavored custard cream to make the torta de bolacha (biscuit pie), a very popular dessert. In Ireland, they are known as Marietta and manufactured by Jacob's. In Malaysia, people use it mainly for making kek batik.[3]

Manufacturers[edit]

The major international manufacturers (initially sorted by country name)

Country/Region Producer Brand
 Argentina Arcor Maná
 Argentina Arcor Vocación
 Australia Arnott's Biscuits Holdings Marie
 Belarus Slodych, confectionery factory Marierta
 Belarus Confectionary Factory Spartak  
 Brazil Piraquê Maria
 Canada President's Choice Maria
 Costa Rica Pozuelo Maria
 Denmark KelsenBisca Mariekiks
 Ecuador Nestlé Ecuador S.A. María
 Egypt Biscomisr Marie
 England Crawford's Marie
 England McVitie's Marie
 Finland Kantolan (Made in Sweden for Chips AB) Kulta Marie
 Germany Patisserie Gunz Maria
 Hong Kong The Garden Company Limited Marie Biscuits
 India Disha Foods Treff
 India Bonn Food industries Mariebon
 India Britannia Industries Marie Gold, Vita Marie
 India Parle Products Marie
 India ITC Limited Marie Light
 Indonesia CV Jaya Abadi Marie Regal Biscuits[4]
 Indonesia Mayora  
 Ireland Jacob's Marietta
 Japan Morinaga & Company MARIE[5]
 Jordan Universal Industries Co. Ltd. Zalloum Group Marie or ماري
 Kenya Manji Food Industries Ltd. Marie
Kuwait Kuwait Flour Mills & Bakeries Co. Marie ماري
 Libya Muhab Food Co. Benghazi Hala Biscuit
 Lebanon Ghandour Food  
 Malaysia Hup Seng Perusahaan Makanan (M) Sdn Bhd Ping Pong Marie
 Malaysia Hwa Tai Industries Bhd Hwa Tai Marie
 Malaysia Munchy Food Industries Sdn Bhd Munchy's Marie
 Mexico Gamesa Marias
 Norway NorgesGruppen First Price
 Norway Sætre AS Marie
 Netherlands Pally Holland Mariakaakje
 Netherlands Verkade Maria
 Panama Productos Alimenticios Pascual S. A. Maria
 Pakistan English Biscuit Manufacturers Peek Freans
 Philippines Rebisco Marie
Marie Time
Marie Munch
Marie Gold[6]
 Portugal Cuétara, Triunfo, Vieira de Castro Bolacha Maria
 Saudi Arabia United Food Industries Corp. Ltd. Co. DeemaH Marie
 Singapore Khong Guan Biscuit Factory (S) Pte Ltd Khong Guan
  • Marie Biscuits (250g/450g)
  • Small Marie Biscuits (250g)
 South Africa Bakers Blue Label
  • Marie Biscuits
  • Cappuccino Marie Biscuits
 Spain Gullón María Leche, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada
 Spain Grupo Siro María Clásica, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada, Mini María
 Spain Cuétara María, María Oro, María Hojaldrada
 Spain Fontaneda (Mondelēz International) La Buena María
 Spain Marbú (Artiach) Marbú Dorada
 Sri Lanka CBL (Munchee) Tikiri Marie, Marie Light, Rice Marie, Chocolate Marie,[7]
 Sri Lanka Cargills (Ceylon) PLC Kist Marie[8]
 Sri Lanka Daintee Ltd Daintee Marie[9]
 Sri Lanka Luckyland Luckyland Marie
 Sri Lanka Maliban Biscuit Manufactories Limited Gold Marie, Light Marie, Chocolate Marie, Premium Marie[10]
 Sri Lanka Manchester Foods Pvt Ltd (Bisma) Ceylon Marie
 Sweden Göteborgs Kex Guld Marie
 Syria Katalina Foods  
 Turkey Şimşek Biscuits & Foods Gorona
 Turkey ANI Biscuits & Foods MARIE
 Ukraine Zhytomyr Confectionary Factory ZhL Марія
 Ukraine Yarych Confectionary Factory Марія
 Ukraine Kharkiv Biscuit Factory Марія
 United States Goya Foods Marias
 Uruguay Kraft Foods Maria de Famosa
 Uruguay El Trigal Maria Rika
 Venezuela C.A. Sucesora de Jose Puig & CIA Maria Puig
 Vietnam Kinh Do Corporation Cosy Marie
 Zimbabwe Lebena Marie
 Zimbabwe Lobels Marie

References[edit]

External links[edit]