Marie biscuit

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Marie biscuit
Galleta María.jpg
Type Biscuit
Created by Peek Freans
Main ingredients Wheat flour, vegetable oil (palm oil in most recipes, sunflower seed oil in e.g. Norway and Finland), vanilla
Cookbook: Marie biscuit  Media: Marie biscuit

A Marie biscuit is a type of biscuit similar to a rich tea biscuit. While the rich tea is the most popular version of this type of biscuit in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man, it is the Marie version that is most popular around the world. It is also known as Maria, Mariebon, and Marietta, amongst other names.

Description[edit]

Palm oil free Marie biscuits as sold in the Norwegian market

The biscuit is round and usually has the name embossed upon its top surface, the edges of which are also embossed with an intricate design. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, palm oil or sunflower seed oil and, unlike the rich tea biscuit, is typically vanilla-flavoured.[1]

History[edit]

The Marie biscuit was created by the London bakery Peek Freans in 1874 to commemorate the marriage of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia to the Duke of Edinburgh.[1][2] It became popular throughout Europe, particularly in Spain where, following the Civil War, the biscuit became a symbol of the country's economic recovery after bakeries produced mass quantities to consume a surplus of wheat.[3]

Consumption[edit]

Marie biscuit used to make Batik cake, a type of chocolate cake (similar to the hedgehog slice) popular in Malaysia and Brunei.

Many consider that the plain flavour of Maries makes them, like rich tea biscuits, particularly suitable for dunking in tea. Other popular methods of consuming the biscuit include using two to make a sandwich with butter and marmite or condensed milk spread in between; covering it with golden syrup; or crumbling it up in custard and jelly (gelatin dessert). Marie biscuits are frequently served to children, and to infants who may be served the biscuits softened in milk as their first 'solid' food. Marie biscuits are also a common ingredient in home-baking recipes.

In Spain, natillas custard is typically served with a Maria biscuit on top. In Uruguay, they are served filled with dulce de leche and sprinkled with shredded coconut. In Brazil, they are soaked in milk and then stacked in layers of chocolate and vanilla-flavoured custard cream, with whipped cream and crushed cashew nuts on top to make the Brazilian version of Pavé, a very popular dessert. In Ireland, the biscuits are known as Marietta and manufactured by Jacob's. In Malaysia, people use them mainly for making batik cake.[4]

Manufacturers[edit]

The major international manufacturers (initially sorted by country name):[5]

Country/Region Producer Brands
 Argentina Arcor Maná
Arcor Vocación
 Australia Arnott's Biscuits Holdings Marie
 Belarus Slodych, confectionery factory Marierta
Confectionary Factory Spartak Mariya (Мария)
 Brazil Fábrica Fortaleza Maria
Piraquê Maria
 Canada President's Choice Maria
 Costa Rica Pozuelo Maria
 Denmark KelsenBisca Mariekiks
 Ecuador Nestlé Ecuador S.A. María
 Egypt Biscomisr Marie
 Finland Kantolan (Made in Sweden for Chips AB) Kulta Marie
 Germany Patisserie Gunz Maria
 Hong Kong The Garden Company Limited Marie Biscuits
 India Disha Foods Treff
Bonn Food Industries Mariebon
Britannia Industries Marie Gold, Vita Marie
Parle Products Marie
ITC Limited Marie Light
DK Bakings Kolkata Nutribake Morning Marie
 Indonesia CV Jaya Abadi Marie Regal Biscuits[6]
Mayora Roma Marie Susu
 Ireland Jacob's Marietta
 Japan Morinaga & Company Marie (マリー)[7]
 Jordan Universal Industries Co. Ltd. Zalloum Group Marie or ماري
 Kenya Manji Food Industries Ltd. Marie
Kuwait Kuwait Flour Mills & Bakeries Co. Marie ماري
 Libya Muhab Food Co. Benghazi Marie Biscuits
 Lebanon Ghandour Food Marie Biscuits, Lucky 555
 Malaysia Hup Seng Perusahaan Makanan (M) Sdn. Bhd. Ping Pong Marie
Hwa Tai Industries Bhd. Hwa Tai Marie
Munchy Food Industries Sdn. Bhd. Munchy's Marie
Perfect Food Manufacturing (M) Sdn. Bhd. Julie's Marie
 Mexico Gamesa, Goya Marias
 Norway First Price (NorgesGruppen) Mariekjeks
Sætre AS Marie
 Netherlands Pally Holland Mariakaakje
Verkade Maria
 Panama Productos Alimenticios Pascual S. A. Maria
 Pakistan English Biscuit Manufacturers Peek Freans
 Philippines Republic Biscuit Corporation Marie, Marie Time, Marie Munch, Marie Gold[8]
 Portugal Cuétara, Triunfo, Vieira de Castro Bolacha Maria, Bolacha Maria Oro
 Saudi Arabia United Food Industries Corp. Ltd. Co. DeemaH Marie
 Singapore Khong Guan Biscuit Factory (S) Pte. Ltd. Marie Biscuits, Small Marie Biscuits
 South Africa Bakers Blue Label Marie Biscuits, Cappuccino Marie Biscuits
Baumann's Marie Biscuits
 Spain Gullón María Leche, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada
Grupo Siro María Clásica, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada, Mini María
Cuétara María, María Oro, María Hojaldrada
Fontaneda (Mondelēz International) La Buena María
Marbú (Artiach) Marbú Dorada
 Sri Lanka CBL (Munchee) Tikiri Marie, Marie Light, Rice Marie, Chocolate Marie[9]
Cargills (Ceylon) PLC Kist Marie[10]
Daintee Ltd Daintee Marie[11]
Luckyland Luckyland Marie
Maliban Biscuit Manufactories Limited Gold Marie, Light Marie, Chocolate Marie, Premium Marie[12]
Manchester Foods Pvt Ltd (Bisma) Ceylon Marie
 Sweden Göteborgs Kex Guld Marie
 Syria Katalina Foods  
 Thailand Laemthong Food Industries Co. Ltd. Laemthong Marie
 Turkey Şimşek Biscuits & Foods Gorona
ANI Biscuits & Foods Marie
 Ukraine Zhytomyr Confectionary Factory ZhL Mariya (Марія)
Yarych Confectionary Factory Mariya (Марія)
Kharkiv Biscuit Factory Mariya (Марія)
 United Kingdom Crawford's Marie
McVitie's Marie
 United States Goya Foods Marias
 Uruguay Kraft Foods Maria de Famosa
El Trigal Maria Rika
 Venezuela C.A. Sucesora de Jose Puig & CIA Maria Puig
 Vietnam Kinh Do Corporation Cosy Marie
 Zimbabwe Lebena Marie
Lobels Marie
Arenel Marie

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b James Panton (24 February 2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7497-8. 
  2. ^ Sean O'Grady (20 March 2010). "Minor British Institutions: The Marie biscuit". The Independent. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "2 Boxes of Classic Maria Cookies by Cuetara". La Tienda. Retrieved 9 November 2007. 
  4. ^ "Marie biscuit, a simple pleasure that rules the world". Biscuit People. 24 March 2017. Archived from the original on 19 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  5. ^ "Marie biscuits". Biscuit People. 6 May 2014. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "About Marie Regal". CV Jaya Abadi. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  7. ^ "Simple Biscuit Life". Morinaga & Co., Ltd. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  8. ^ "Our Brands". Rebisco. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  9. ^ "Marie". Ceylon Biscuits Limited. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "Kist Biscuits". Cargills (Ceylon) PLC. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Daintee Biscuits & Wafer Products". Daintee Limited. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "Premium Marie". Maliban Biscuit. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 

External links[edit]