Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
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|Marie of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale|
|Queen consort of Hanover|
|Reign||18 November 1851 – 20 September 1866|
14 April 1818|
9 January 1907 (aged 88)|
19 January 1907|
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover|
Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen
Princess Marie of Hanover
|Father||Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Mother||Duchess Amelia of Württemberg|
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, VA (Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina; German: Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Theresia Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine; 14 April 1818 – 9 January 1907) was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
Marie was born at Hildburghausen, as Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, the eldest daughter of Joseph, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. In 1826, the family moved to Altenburg as a result of a transfer of territories among the various branches of the Ernestine Wettins, and Marie took the title Princess of Saxe-Altenburg in place of the previous.
Queen of Hanover
Between 1858 and 1867 George V had Marienburg Castle (Hanover) built as a birthday present to his wife, named after her. However, he was expelled from his kingdom in 1866 as a result of his support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, and on 20 September 1866, the Kingdom was annexed by Prussia. Nevertheless, George never abdicated; he emigrated to Vienna, Austria, while Marie and her daughters remained at Herrenhausen Palace, then moving to Marienburg Castle, which was still under construction, in September 1867. Marie succeeded in having the Hanoverian crown jewels and other precious items smuggled abroad, before finally leaving for Austria herself. There, the family moved into a villa in Gmunden near Salzburg, which they rented and later acquired.
On 18 September 1872, Queen Marie was godmother to Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein. Princess Marie Louise was the youngest daughter of Princess Helena (Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein); Queen Victoria & Prince Albert's third daughter and fifth child.
George V. died in 1878 on a travel in Paris where he had attempted to re-establish his Guelphic Legion, a military unit aimed at a re-conquest of his kingdom. He was buried in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Queen Marie died, some twenty-eight years after her husband, on 9 January 1907, in The Queen's Villa (Königinvilla) at Gmunden, where she was later buried in a mausoleum that her eldest son had built next to his residence, Cumberland Castle.
The Queen's Villa in Gmunden
Titles and styles
- 14 April 1818 – 12 November 1826: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen
- 12 November 1826 – 18 February 1843: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
- 18 February 1843 – 18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover
- 18 November 1851 – 9 January 1907: Her Majesty The Queen of Hanover
|Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover||21 September 1845||14 November 1923||Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; born at Hanover, married Princess Thyra of Denmark; had issue|
|Princess Frederica of Hanover||9 January 1848||16 October 1926||born at Hanover, died at Biarritz; married Alfons, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen; had issue|
|Princess Marie of Hanover||3 December 1849||4 June 1904||Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elizabeth Alexandrina; born at Hanover, died unmarried at Gmunden|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.|
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Cadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 14 April 1818 Died: 9 January 1907
Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
| Queen consort of Hanover
18 November 1851 – 20 September 1866
|Titles in pretence|
as Queen consort
|— TITULAR —
Queen consort of Hanover
20 September 1866 – 12 June 1878
Thyra of Denmark