Mary of Saint Peter

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Mary of Saint Peter (French: Marie de Saint-Pierre) (4 October 1816–8 July 1848) was a Discalced Carmelite nun who lived in Tours, France. She is best known for starting the devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus which is now one of the approved Catholic devotions and for the Golden Arrow Prayer. She also introduced the "Little Sachet" sacramental.[1]

Life[edit]

Sister Marie of St Peter with the Golden Arrow. The three rings symbolize the Holy Trinity.

Marie was born on 4 October 1816 in Rennes, region of Brittany, to Peter and Frances Portier Eluere, and baptized in the Church of St. Germain. As a child she was called Perrine. Her mother died when she was twelve and she was sent to learn dressmaking with two of her paternal aunts. On 13 November 1839 she entered the Carmel at Tours, a carmelite monastery that had a particular devotion to the Sacred Heart. Perrine had a special devotion to the Holy Infancy of Jesus. She was professed as a Discalced Carmelite nun under the name Mary of Saint Peter and of the Holy Family (French: Sœur Marie de Saint-Pierre et de la Sainte Famille) on 8 June 1841.[2]

On 8 August 1843 Pope Gregory XVI promulgated a papal brief for the erection of a confraternity under the patronage of Louis IX of France for the reparation of blasphemy against the Holy Name of God. On the 26 Leo Dupont, the "holy man of Tours", distributed among several of the communities of Tours, a prayer in honor of the Holy Name of God. The prayers had been circulated among all the religious houses of the city, but despite being on friendly terms with the Carmelites, Leo Dupont apparently forgot them.[2]

Mary reported that eighteen days later, while commencing her evening prayer Jesus made her to understand that he would give her a prayer of reparation, a "golden dagger" for blasphemy against his Holy Name. He told her that the devotion He was entrusting to her was to have as its aim not only reparation for blasphemy, but also reparation for the profanation of the Holy Day of the Lord.[3] She invariably declared that these "communications" were neither visions, nor apparitions; that the truths shown her were not exhibited under an eternal form, nor did she physically hear what she was commissioned to relate.[4]

From 1844 to 1847 Mary of Saint Peter reported that she had "communications" from Jesus about spreading devotion to his Holy Face.[5] She reported that she experienced what her biographer, Janvier, terms "an interior vision". Repeatedly she describes that while at meditation "The Lord gave me to understand" particular insights.[6] According to Marie of Saint Peter, Jesus told her that he desired devotion to his Holy Face in reparation for sacrilege and blasphemy, which he described as being like a "poisoned arrow." She wrote The Golden Arrow Holy Face Devotion (Prayer) which she said was dictated to her by Jesus. This prayer is now a well known Act of Reparation to Jesus Christ.[7][8]

The devotion that she started was promoted by Leo Dupont. Dupont prayed for and promoted the case for a devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus for around 30 years. Documents pertaining to the life of Mary of Saint Peter and the devotion were kept by the Catholic Church. Eventually, in 1874 Charles-Théodore Colet was appointed as the new Archbishop of Tours. Archbishop Colet examined the documents and in 1876 gave permission for them to be published and the devotion encouraged. The Devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus was eventually approved by Pope Leo XIII in 1885.

Almost 50 years later, another French Discalced Carmelite nun, Thérèse of Lisieux wrote a number of poems and prayers in the 1890s that also helped spread the devotion to the Holy Face. In the 1930s, an Italian nun, Maria Pierina De Micheli associated the image of the Holy Face of Jesus from the Shroud of Turin with the devotion and made the first Holy Face Medal.

The first Holy Face Medal was offered to Pope Pius XII who accepted it and approved the devotion in 1958 and declared the Feast of the Holy Face of Jesus as Shrove Tuesday (the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday) for all Roman Catholics.

Her autobiography and reported revelations are published in the book “The Golden Arrow”.

The Little Gospel[edit]

The "Little Gospel", or the Gospel of the Holy Name of Jesus, is a Roman Catholic devotion that according to tradition, was mystically revealed by Jesus Christ to Mary of Saint Peter in 1847, in a monastery in Tours, France.[9] [10][11]

It consists of a tiny leaflet on which are printed the short Gospel of the Circumcision, consisting of Luke 2:21 which mentions the giving of the name "Jesus"; a picture of Christ; the initials IHS representing the Holy Name of Jesus; and some invocation together with the lines, "When Jesus was named — Satan was disarmed." This leaflet is folded into a small square, enclosed in a small pouch, and distributed to the faithful, who are encouraged to frequently say: "Blessed be the Most Holy Name of Jesus without end" while wearing it.[12][11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ball p.319.
  2. ^ a b Janvier, Pierre Désiré. The Life of Sister Mary St. Peter, Carmelite of Tours, 1884
  3. ^ ""Sr. Mary of St. Peter", Carmel of the Holy Face of Jesus". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  4. ^ Janvier p. 148.
  5. ^ "Sr. Mary of St. Peter and the Work of Reparation", Discalced Carmelites of Sacramento
  6. ^ Janvier p. 116.
  7. ^ Cruz, Joan Carroll, OCDS, Saintly Men of Modern Times (2003) ISBN 1-931709-77-7 pages 194-197
  8. ^ Geoghegan, G. P., A Collection of my Favorite Prayers (Dec. 2, 2006) ISBN 1411694570 page 106
  9. ^ Sr. Mary of St. Peter (2010). The Golden Arrow: The Autobiography and Revelations of Sister Mary of St. Peter (1816-1848) on Devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus. Tan Books & Pub. ISBN 978-0-89555-389-8.
  10. ^ Ball, Ann (2005). The How-to Book of Sacramentals: Everything You Need to Know But No One Ever Taught You. Our Sunday Visitor. ISBN 978-1-59276-096-1.
  11. ^ a b Janvier p. 218.
  12. ^ Ann Ball, 2003 Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices ISBN 0-87973-910-X page 319

Sources[edit]

  • Ball, Ann. Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices 2003 ISBN 0-87973-910-X pages 209-210
  • The Golden Arrow: The Autobiography and Revelations of Sister Mary of St. Peter by Mary of St. Peter and Dorothy Scallan (May 1, 2009) ISBN 0895553899
  • Dorothy Scallan. The Holy Man of Tours. (1990) ISBN 0-89555-390-2

External links[edit]