Marika Sherwood

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Marika Sherwood (born 1937) is a Hungarian-born historian, researcher, educator and author, based in England since 1965.

Biography[edit]

Sherwood was born in 1937 in Budapest, Hungary. With the remains of her Jewish family she emigrated to Australia in 1948. A short stint of employment in New Guinea introduced her to racism and colonialism. She returned to Sydney, attended university as a part-time student and then. as a divorced woman, emigrated to England with her son in 1965. Teaching in London schools introduced her to the many aspects of racism prevalent in the UK. She determined that if it ever became possible, she would do some research on the history of "Black" peoples in the UK as she wanted to replace fighting with fists to fighting with knowledge. Five years of work in Harlem, New York (1980–85), convinced her that this was necessary.

Sherwood has a desk, but is not on the staff of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London.[1] In 1991 with Hakim Adi and other colleagues she founded what is now known as the Black and Asian Studies Association, in order to encourage research and disseminate information, and to campaign on education issues. This is ongoing.

In 2007, she published After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807. Stephen Shapiro, writing in the Ohio State and Miami University history journal Origins, described the book as "provocative" and "a worthwhile read" for "those interested in British or African history."[2]

In 2010 she invited to contribute to the Kwame Nkrumah Centenary Colloquium in Accra, convened by the African Union and the Government of Ghana.

Apart from her formal publications listed below, she has also contributed to a number of films, radio programs, conferences. Sherwood set up Savannah Press, a publisher for some of her books "at cost" prices.

In 2017, Sherwood was planning to give a speech about treatment of the Palestinians during University of Manchester's Israel Apartheid Week under the title ‘You’re doing to Palestinians what the Nazis did to me’. The Israeli embassy intervened, contacting the university with concerns that the title violated the Holocaust Society's and UK's adopted definition of antisemitism. Manchester University censored the title and put conditions on the speech.[3][4]

Selected publications[edit]

Books[edit]

  • World War II: Colonies and Colonials, Savannah Press] , 2013. ISBN 978-0951972076
  • The Life and Times of Albert Makaula-White, an African Farmer in Kent 1904-1937, Savannah Press, 2012
  • Malcolm X: Visits abroad April 1964 – February 1965, UK: Savannah Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0951972069; USA: Tsehai Publishers, 2011. ISBN 978-1599070506
  • The Origins of Pan-Africanism: Henry Sylvester Williams and the African Diaspora, Routledge, 2010. ISBN 978-0415633239
  • (with Kim Sherwood) Britain, the slave trade and slavery, from 1562 to the 1880s, Savannah Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0951972052
  • After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807, IB Tauris,[9] 2007. ISBN 978-1845113650
  • (with Hakim Adi) Pan-African History: political figures from Africa and the diaspora since 1787, Routledge, 2003. ISBN 978-0946918003
  • Claudia Jones: a life in exile, Lawrence & Wishart, 2000. ISBN 978-0853158820
  • Ernest Bowen and Printers' Trade Unions in British Guiana and Trinidad, 1927-1941,:Savannah Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0951972038
  • (with Martin Spafford) Whose Freedom were Africans, Caribbeans and Indians fighting for in World War II?, Savannah Press/BASA, 1999. ISBN 978-0951972045
    • Kwame Nkrumah: the Years Abroad 1935-1947, Freedom Publications (Ghana), 1996. ISBN 978-9988771607
    • Review, [15]
  • (with Hakim Adi) The 1945 Pan-African Congress Revisited, New Beacon Books, 1995. ISBN 978-1873201121
  • Manchester and the 1945 Pan-African Congress, Savannah Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0951972021
  • Pastor Daniels Ekarté and the African Churches Mission, Savannah Press, 1994. ISBN 978-0951972014
  • (with Bob Rees) Black Peoples of the Americas, Heinemann, 1992. ISBN 978-0435314255
  • Black Peoples in the Americas - a handbook for teachers, Savannah Press, 1992. ISBN 978-0951972007
  • Women Under the Sun (African Women in Politics and Production - a bibliography), IFAA, London, 1988. ISBN 978-1870425056
  • Many Struggles (West Indian Workers and Service Personnel in Britain 1939-1945), Karia Press, 1985. ISBN 978-0946918003
  • The British Honduran Forestry Unit in Scotland, OC Publishers, 1982. ISBN 978-0907611028

Articles[edit]

On peoples of African and Asian origins / descent in the UK

  • "Two Pan-African political activists emanating from Edinburgh University: Drs John Randle and Richard Akinwande Savage", in Afe Adogame and Andrew Lawrence (eds), Africa in Scotland, Scotland in Africa (Leiden: Brill, 2014). ISBN 978-9004276208
  • "Africans in Britain 2000 years ago", New African, October 2010.
  • "Krishna Menon, Parliamentary Labour Party Candidate for Dundee 1939-1940", Scottish Labour History, vol. 42, 2007.
  • "Lascar Struggles against discrimination in Britain 1923-1945: the work of N. J. Upadhyaya and Surat Alley", The Mariner’s Mirror, 90/4, 2004.
  • "Riots, lynchings, fascists and immigrants: what’s changed?" Searchlight, October 2003.
  • "Lascars in Glasgow and the West of Scotland during World War II", Scottish Labour History Journal, vol. 38, 2003.
  • "Black People in Tudor England", History Today, October 2003, .
  • "Lynching in Britain", History Today, 49/3 March 1999.
  • "Blacks in the Gordon Riots", History Today, December 1997.
  • "The Comintern, the CPGB, Colonies and Black Britons 1920 – 1938", Science & Society, Spring, 1996.
  • "Quakers and Colonials 1930-1950", Immigrants & Minorities, July 1991.
  • "Racism and Resistance: Cardiff in the 1930s and ‘40s", Llafur (Welsh Labour History Journal), September 1991.
  • "Race, Nationality and Employment among Lascar Seamen 1660 to 1945", New Community, January 1991.
  • "Ticket of Leave", History Today, August 1990.
  • "The War Against Blacks in Britain", Freedomways, 4th Quarter 1982.

On the trade in enslaved Africans, and slavery

  • "'Legitimate' traders, the building of empires and the long-term after-effects in Africa", in T. Green (ed.), Brokers of Change: Atlantic Commerce and Cultures in Pre-Colonial Western Africa, British Academy/OUP, 2012.
  • "Slavery: the Atlantic trade and Arab slavery", New African, October 2012.
  • "The trade in enslaved Africans", in F. Brennan & John Parker, Colonialism, Slavery, Reparations and Trade: Remedying the ‘Past’, Taylor & Francis/Routledge, 2011.
  • "The British illegal slave trade 1808 – 1830", British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 31/2, 2008.
  • "Manchester, Liverpool and Slavery", North West Labour History Journal, #32, September 2007.
  • "Slaves and slavery, 1807–2007: the past in the present", openDemocracy, 23 March 2007.
  • "The Nefarious Trade", History Today, March 2007.
  • "Britain, the slave trade and slavery, 1808 – 1843", Race & Class 46/2, October–December 2004.
  • "Perfidious Albion: Britain, the USA and slavery in the 1840s and 1860s", Contributions to Black Studies, 13/14 1995/6 (published 1999).

On Pan-Africanism / Kwame Nkrumah

  • "Nkrumah and Pan-Africanism 1942 – 1958", in Lazare Ki-Zerbo (ed.), Hands Off Africa (forthcoming, 2013).
  • "The Pan-African Conference, Kumasi, 1953", in T. Manuh and A. Sawyerr (eds), The Kwame Nkrumah Centenary Colloquium Proceedings, Accra: Kwame Nkrumah Centenary Committee, 2013.
  • "George Padmore and Kwame Nkrumah: a tentative outline of their relationship" in Fitzroy Baptiste and Rupert Lewis (eds), George Padmore: Pan-African Revolutionary, Ian Randle Publications, 2009.
  • "Pan-African Conferences, 1900 – 1953: what did Pan-Africanism mean?" In Charles Quist-Adade and Frances Chiang (eds), From Colonization to Globalization, Dayspring Publishing, 2011/ Journal of Pan-African Studies, 4/10, 2012.
  • "Nkrumah: the Student: Years in London 1945-1947", Immigrants & Minorities, September, 1993.

On Africa / Africans

  • "The African Diaspora in Europe", in Encyclopaedia of the World’s Minorities, Routledge, 2006.
  • "Jamaicans and Barbadians in the Province of Freedom: Sierra Leone 1802-1841", Caribbean Studies, 13/2-3, 1998.
  • "Elder Dempster and West Africa 1891 – 1940: the genesis of underdevelopment", International Journal of African Historical Studies, 30/3, 1997.
  • "'There is no new deal for the blackman in San Francisco': African attempts to influence the founding conference of the United Nations April - July 1945", International Journal of African Historical Studies, 29/1, 1996.
  • "Strikes! African Seamen, Elder Dempster and the Government, 1940-1942", Immigrants & Minorities, July 1994.

On education

  • "Racism by omission".
  • "Have we progressed since the Lawrence Enquiry?", summer issue, Race Equality Teaching, 27/3 2009.
  • ‘Miseducation and Racism’, Ethnicity and Race in a Changing World: A Review Journal, February 2009.
  • ‘Black School Teachers in Britain in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’, History of Education Researcher, #.81, May 2008.
  • "Teaching Black history: the struggle continues", Institute of Race Relations (November 2007).
  • "'There is so much more to the history of Black peoples than slavery….,", Race Equality Teaching, 25/2, 2007.
  • "Racism in Education?", race equality teaching, 22/3 summer 2004.
  • "Race, Empire and Education: teaching racism", Race & Class 42/3, 2001.
  • "Education and the Lawrence Inquiry", Multicultural Teaching, 18/2, 2000.
  • "Engendering racism: history and history teachers in English schools", Research in African Literatures, 30/1, February 1999.
  • ("Sins of omission and commission: history in English schools and struggles for change", Multicultural Teaching, Spring 1998,
  • "The Dangers of Ethnocentrism", Teaching History, January 1996,
  • "SOS: Is Anybody Listening?", Teaching History, June 1994.

On racism

  • "White Myths, Black Omissions: the historical origins of racism in Britain", International Journal of Historical Teaching, Learning and Research, 3/1, January 2003.
  • "It’s Not a Question of Racism; a case study of institutional racism 1941–1943", Immigrants & Minorities, July 1985.

Other

with Kathy Chater), "The Pigou Family Across Three Continents", Proceedings of the Huguenot Society, 28/3, 2005.

  • "Malcolm X in Manchester, 1964", North West History Journal, #27, 2002.
  • "India at the Founding of the United Nations", International Studies (India), 33/4, 1996.
  • "The UN: Caribbean and African-American attempts to influence the founding conference in San Francisco, 1945", Journal of Caribbean History, 29/1, 1996.
  • "'Diplomatic Platitudes': the Atlantic Charter, the United Nations and colonial independence", *Immigrants and Minorities, September 1996.
  • "Walter White and the British: a lost opportunity", Contributions to Black Studies, Nos. 9/10, 1990-1992.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Black and Asian Britain" - Seminar Series at ICwS, Institute of Commonwealth Studies.
  2. ^ "Review: After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807". origins.osu.edu. 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  3. ^ "UK university censors title of Holocaust survivor's speech criticising Israel". theguardian.com. 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  4. ^ "Manchester University censors title of Jewish Holocaust survivor's speech criticising Israel". independent.co.uk. 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  5. ^ "Historian's tale of an African's journey to Kent", Faversham Times, 22 June 2012.
  6. ^ Erica Taylor, "Little Known Black History Fact: Albert Makaula", BlackAmericaweb.com, 5 June 2012.
  7. ^ David Killingray (2011) Origins of Pan-Africanism. Henry Sylvester Williams, Africa, and the African Diaspora, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 39:2, 348-351
  8. ^ Whittall, Daniel (2011), The imperial African - Review of Origins of Pan-Africanism: Henry Sylvester Williams, Africa, and the African Diaspora, by Marika Sherwood (Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-87959-0, 354 pp,The Caribbean Review of Books)
  9. ^ After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade Since 1807, I. B. Tauris Publishers,
  10. ^ Martin, Guy. 2005. "Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787 (review)". African Studies Review. 48 (1): 214-217.
  11. ^ Heywood, Linda. 2005. "BOOK REVIEWS - Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787". The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 38 (1): 117.
  12. ^ Vinson, R.T. 2005. "Pan-African History : Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787, by H. Adi and M. Sherwood : book review". Unisa Latin American Report. 21 (2): 113-115.
  13. ^ Killingray, David. 2004. "Pan-African History: Political figures from Africa and the diaspora since 1787, edited by Hakim Adi and Marika Sherwood. London: Routledge, 2003. 203 pp. £18.99 paperback. ISBN 0-415-17353-1 (paperback)". African Affairs. 103 (412): 496-497.
  14. ^ Bourne, Jenny (2001) Claudia Jones: a life in exile.(Review), Race and Class, v.42, no.3, 2001 Jan-March, p.105 (ISSN: 0306-3968)
  15. ^ Review by Hassoum Ceesay, The Daily Observer (The Gambia), 9 November 2007.

External links[edit]