Marikana land occupation (Cape Town)
On 27 April Day 2013, the national public holiday of Freedom Day in South Africa which some grassroots social movements have termed UnFreedom Day, members of Abahlali baseMjondolo occupied a piece of land in Philippi, Cape Town. They named the occupation Marikana after the Marikana miners' strike. The occupation was repeatedly destroyed by the city's anti-land invasion unit. According to the Daily Maverick the occupiers were evicted on six separate occasions. Two months after the eviction 90 people were still sleeping on the site under a tent.
Abahlali baseMjondolo alleged that the evictions were violent, that their members' property was broken and stolen and that they were also unlawful as the City did not have a court order. This view was later endorsed by legal experts and an article in the Daily Maverick suggested that the City of Cape Town was making reference to a fictitious law to justify the evictions and, also, lying about the fact that the shacks had all been unoccupied before they were demolished. Constitutional law expert Pierre de Vos later wrote that these evictions were "Brutal, inhumane, and totally unlawful".
Ownership of the Land
The land that was occupied is part of a larger parcel of 200h of land bought by NTWA Dumela Investments in 2007.
Online News Reports
- Shack dwellers ready to die for 'Marikana' land in Cape Town, ENCA, 2013 (Television)
- Paramilitary 'anti-land invasion units' celebrate South Africa's UnFreedom Day by destroying Marikana Township, KPFA.94, 2013 (Radio)
- City shows zero tolerance for 'Marikana' settlement, ENCA, 2014 (Television)
- Marikana Land Occupation, Pablo Pinedo Boveda, 1 May 2013.
Notes and references
- 'Marikana' UnFreedom Day land occupation ends in violent Workers’ Day eviction, Jared Sacks, The Daily Maverick, 2013
- Residents vow to return to Philippi, Xolani Koyana, Cape Times, 4 May 2013
- Marikana shacks were ‘unoccupied’ claims City, Nombulelo Damba, West Cape News, 2013 ]
- 'Shock and awe tactics' used on shack dwellers, Jared Sacks, Mail & Guardian, 10 May 2013
- Welcome to Marikana, Cape Town, by Jared Sacks, The Daily Maverick, 22 May 2012
- The other Marikana, Mary-Anne Gontsana, Ground-Up, 19 June 201
- South Africa’s poor resist home attacks, Caroline Elliot, Red Pepper, May 2013
- Police shooting at Marikana Land Occupation, Abahlali baseMjondolo Press Statement, 30 April 2013
- Sleeping in the rain: even snakes treat us with more respect than the City of Cape Town, Abahlali baseMjondolo Press Statement, 30 April 2013
- Cops in shack clash, Mandla Manyaka, The New Age, 30 April 2013
- Shack dwellers ready to die for 'Marikana' land in Cape Town, ENCA, 2011
- City of Cape Town makes up law to justify eviction of the poor, Jared Sacks, The Daily Maverick, 6 May 2013
- Cape Town evictions: Brutal, inhumane, and totally unlawful, Pierre de Vos, The Daily Maverick, 9 May 2013
- Lobby group vows to step up action in Cape Town ‘toilet wars’, BY BEKEZELA PHAKATHI], Business Day, 13 September 2013