Marilyn in Munich, January 1984
|Birth name||Peter Antony Robinson|
|Born||3 November 1962|
|Years active||1983–1985; 1989; 2000–2003; 2016|
Desilu Records (2000)
Robinson was born in Kingston, Jamaica. At age 5, he moved with his mother to Borehamwood, Hertfordshire. He left school at 15, and has stated that he was bullied at school for being feminine, and that he self-harmed.
The Marilyn persona
As a boy, Robinson loved Marilyn Monroe's image, and Marilyn became his school nickname. While the name originated from homophobic bullies at school, Robinson decided to appropriate it to his advantage. As a teenager, he was a regular nightclub-goer and wanted to look different, so he adopted a Marilyn Monroe image wearing vintage dresses with bleached blond hair. He became part of the British New Romantic movement which emerged in the late 1970s club scene and was popularised in the early 1980s.
Robinson was a regular at 'The Blitz' nightclub (regulars being labelled as Blitz Kids), a highly stylised club in London run by Steve Strange of the pop group Visage, and a place which spawned many early 1980s pop stars such as Spandau Ballet. During this time, Robinson met Boy George (prior to his forming Culture Club), and the pair would later share a squat together.
In 1979, Robinson appeared in the documentary Steppin' Out directed by Lyndall Hobbs, which explored the fashionable nightclubs and the trendy pop culture scenes that were famous in London in the late '70s. It was shown as the support film to Alien in British cinemas. Also in 1979, he appeared in the first segment of director Derek Jarman's 12-minute short film Broken English. While Boy George went on to form Culture Club in 1981 and secured a recording deal with Virgin Records, Marilyn was still scouting for a recording contract and had relocated to Los Angeles for some time. There, he worked as a personal assistant to daytime soap star Terry Lester, and teamed up with songwriter and pop entrepreneur Paul Caplin who became his manager.
Music career: 1980s
After Marilyn's friend Boy George had made a commercial impact with Culture Club, record companies were looking for other artists with a similar cross-dressing image. In 1983, following a high-profile appearance in the promo video for Eurythmics' hit single, "Who's That Girl?", Robinson signed his own recording contract as Marilyn with Phonogram Records.
Marilyn's first chart success came in late 1983 with his debut single "Calling Your Name" which reached the Top 5 in the UK and Australia, and number 1 in Japan. He had two further minor UK Top 40 hits in 1984 with "Cry and Be Free" and "You Don't Love Me" (the latter of which he performed at the Children's Royal Variety Performance held at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, in the presence of The Princess Anne).
In March 1984, Marilyn flew to Australia for a 10-day promotional tour and was besieged by fans who were waiting to greet him at Melbourne Airport. Film footage of his arrival was broadcast on that evening's television news. While in Australia, he was attacked and kicked in the face by a member of the public at the Exchange Hotel, a gay bar venue in Sydney, sustaining a bruised eye from the incident.
In late 1984, Marilyn took part in the Band Aid charity single "Do They Know It's Christmas" along with various other pop stars of the era. In early 1985, now facing financial difficulties and being forced to give up his London home, Phonogram Records dispatched him to Detroit, Michigan, to work with producer Don Was. While in America, he cut his trademark long blonde hair short and ceased wearing make-up, abandoning the image that had brought him his initial success. After spending a week recording new material with Was, Marilyn was scheduled to perform live for the first time at New York's famed Area nightclub. The performance was intended to be filmed for use in the promo video for his new single, "Baby U Left Me", but the film crew were delayed, and although Marilyn proceeded to go onstage anyway, the performance was ruined by technical problems with the club's PA system. Midway through his first song, Marilyn abandoned the performance.
In June 1985, Marilyn released his debut album, Despite Straight Lines. Despite including his three earlier UK Top 40 hit singles, the album only charted in Australia. Further singles from the album, "Baby U Left Me" and "Pray for That Sunshine" were unsuccessful, although the former reached the top 40 in Australia.
By this time, Robinson's drug addiction and his highly publicised disputes with Boy George damaged his public image. Public tastes were also changing, and his music career suffered.
Despite the problems in New York the year before, Marilyn performed live once in December 1986 at the Mud Club in London, where he performed a cover version of "Spirit in the Sky" which was planned to be his new single but was never released.
By 1989, Robinson had signed with the Interbeat label, though again no new recordings surfaced. He then dropped out of the public eye for the next decade, abandoning his music career.
Activities from late 1990s–2006
Robinson first reappeared in 1999 when he was interviewed on the Channel 4 programme Top Ten New Romantics, though he himself was not listed in the chart. In 2000, he attempted to relaunch his career and recorded a new single as Marilyn, a cover version of the Dennis Brown song "How Could I Live?" for Desilu Records based in Jamaica. Robinson recorded the track in Jamaica and a few months later producer Nick Cabrera flew out there to supervise the final work on the track and its subsequent remixes. German producer Kinky Roland also made a remix of the track. Following disagreements with the label, Robinson refused to let the single be released, though some 12" promotional copies do exist.
In 2001, Robinson appeared in the BBC documentary programme A Fine Romance: The Story of the New Romantics. On 2 September 2001, Marilyn performed a live appearance at the Sound on Sunday club night in Leicester Square, London. It was his first live performance in over 14 years. To promote the gig, Robinson gave a series of magazine interviews.
A 4-track self-released CD-R of older material was issued in 2003. The same year, Robinson appeared on the Channel 4 television show The Salon, a reality show based at a hairdressing salon where members of the public and several celebrities went for haircuts and beauty treatments. He also appeared in the TV documentary 25 Years of Smash Hits that traced the influence of UK pop music.
In 2006, Robinson was interviewed in the Channel 4 TV documentary Whatever Happened to the Gender Benders?, which reflected on the advent of the New Romantic movement of the early 1980s and the prominent roles that he, Boy George and Steve Strange played within it.
Career since 2013
On 16 May 2013, Robinson appeared on Birmingham's Switch Radio where he gave a 30-minute interview. The following month, he appeared on Kev Gurney's Club Tropicana radio show on Bolton 96.5 radio where he gave a 20-minute interview in which he speaks candidly about his life. During the interview, he revealed that he has been back in the recording studio and is currently working on four new tracks with a new production team, and suggested the possibility of live dates in the future.
Robinson began reporting on his Facebook page in Spring 2015 that he has been writing and recording some new material with Boy George as producer, and some re-recordings of his back catalogue. He spoke about the new recordings at length during a June 2016 interview. On 23 September 2016, Marilyn released his first new single in over 30 years, entitled "Love or Money". The same day, both he and Boy George appeared on the television show BBC Breakfast, which showed the promo video for the single. The pair were also interviewed on Loose Women on 26 September 2016.
Robinson was born in Jamaica, but after his parents split up, he and his mother moved back to England when he was five years old, settling in Hertfordshire. After being constantly bullied, he left school at 15, and by 1979 he had left home and was living in a squat in London.
Robinson has been candid about the effect drug abuse has had on his life, and the physical and mental health problems he has suffered. In 1986, both he and Boy George were arrested in London on charges of drug possession. On 20 August 1986, at Marylebone Magistrates Court in London, a magistrate dismissed a heroin charge against Robinson because the prosecution offered no evidence. In a November 2014 interview with the Daily Mirror, he said that he was a heroin addict from the mid-1980s to the mid-2000s. Robinson says he has been clear of all drugs since 2010, after a period in rehab prompted by some specific severe health problems.
In his 1995 autobiography Take It Like a Man, Boy George wrote that in the 1980s Robinson had a relationship with singer Gavin Rossdale. In a 1996 interview for Rolling Stone, Rossdale responded: "That's George's take – he doesn't know me. There's a queue of people going to their lawyers about stuff in his book. I hope he manages to sell some books by putting my name in there." Elsewhere both Rossdale and Robinson initially denied the story but in 2003 Robinson dedicated the Marilyn CD "Hold on Tight" to Rossdale, citing "the years of our passionate relationship" and featuring a photo of them together on the cover. Later, both men spoke more candidly about their relationship, with Robinson confirming in 2009 that they had been "together five years" in the 1980s while in 2010 Rossdale said the relationship with Robinson had been an experimentation and "part of growing up". Robinson said, "Gavin and Gwen [Stefani, Rossdale's then-wife] are perfect for each other, but he was the love of my life."
Depictions in culture and media
Exhibitions that have included material relating to Marilyn:
Books that have included references to Marilyn include:
Take It Like a Man: The Autobiography of Boy George (1995) - Marilyn features prominently in Boy George's autobiography, which reflects on their long friendship and years together from living in a London squat and working at the Blitz Club. In the book, George claims that while they were living in a squat together, they were chased out by a neighbour (male) who was attracted to Marilyn, but who then broke the door down with an axe when he discovered Marilyn was a man. He also claims Marilyn once tried to seduce David Bowie at a London nightclub but was rebuffed.
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|1985||Despite Straight Lines||73|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Certifications
|1983||"Calling Your Name"||4||3||—||10||—||17||Despite Straight Lines|
|1984||"Cry and Be Free"||31||24||—||—||—||—|
|"You Don't Love Me"||40||57||26||—||18||16|
|1985||"Baby U Left Me (In the Cold)"||70||34||—||—||—||—|
|"Pray for That Sunshine"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2002||"Sooner or Later"||—||—||—||—||—||—||Self-pressed CD-R promo singles|
|"Spirit in the Sky"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2003||"Hold on Tight"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2016||"Love or Money"||—||—||—||—||—||—||Non-album single|
- Avery, Dan (24 October 2016). "'80s Androgynous Icon Marilyn Returns With New Music". Newnownext.com.[permanent dead link]
- "Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "Bandar Bola Tangkas Online". mistermarilyn.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- Petridis, Alexis (27 September 2016). "Marilyn: 'I sat in a room for 20 years, taking crack and watching the Alien films'". the Guardian.
- ICA (6 June 2016). "Toby Mott in conversation with Marilyn". YouTube.
- Sheaf, Claire (27 October 1983). "Marilyn (interview)". Smash Hits. Vol. 5 no. 22. EMAP Metro. p. 30.
- Tebbutt, Simon (6 August 1983). "News Beat: Some Like It Hot (an interview with Marilyn)". Number One Magazine. IPC Magazines. p. 19.
- "Carlin Music UK - 100 years of Music". Carlinmusic.com.
- "1983. Music: Eurhythmics. Who's That Girl? - Gay in the 80s". Gayinthe80s.com. 10 October 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Blitz Kids (clippings)". Archived from the original on 21 April 2014.
- "Feed the world? Band Aid 25 years on". Independent.co.uk.
- Tennant, Neil (14 March 1985). "Marilyn - Does Anyone Still Want Him?". Smash Hits. Vol. 7 no. 6. EMAP Metro. pp. 26, 27.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 192. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Marilyn at the Mud Club (MazMag, 1986)". Archived from the original on 21 April 2014.
- "Daily Motion". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014.
- "Nick Cabrera Photography". Nickcabrera.com.
- Limited, Global Websuites. "Gay History, Gay Celebrities, Gay Icons - Marilyn ( Peter Robinson ) - Circa - Club for Gay Professional Men". Circa-club.com.
- Marilyn quotes, from 'The Marilyn Files' by Stewart Who? QX magazine, 29 August 2001, No. 345, pages 24–26: "When we discuss the long exile, he feels there's nothing to explain. 'I don't go round looking for publicity ... because I've done that already.' He's just beginning to comprehend the cult status and level of support on offer. If he could only help himself: 'It's shocking to me. I haven't tuned into anything for years. Or thought about work, because I've been a junkie. No one was in my bubble but me. My outlook has been, will the last person leaving, switch the light out'."
- Extract from an interview with Marilyn – ‘She's back’ in The Pink Paper, 31 August 2001, issue 701, page 15: "Few can remember just how huge Marilyn was in the early 80s, when, with other characters like Steve Strange, Leigh Bowery and one George O'Dowd, he crossed from club-scene mannequin to mainstream diva."
- Extract from ‘Karma Chameleon’ in Boyz magazine, 1 September 2001, issue 526, page 33. "Way back in the day, when Liam Gallager was still at school, Patsy Kensit was in Eighth Wonder (just about) and Duran Duran had the biggest hair on the planet (apart from George Michael and Bonnie Tyler of course), homosexuality was sadly still just about as uncouth as not replacing the toilet roll... only about ten times so. Therefore, it's not hard to imagine the dramatic effect the likes of gender benders Boy George and Marilyn had on society at large. Gay and straight boys alike went wild with mascara, whilst mothers and grannies, well, er... we joined them!"
- "Marilyn - Hold On Tight". Discogs.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Soundcloud". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014.
- "Boy George, Miranda Hart and Jamie Dornan to appear in Gogglebox celebrity special". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "MISTER MARILYN LOVE OR MONEY". Boygeorgeuk.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- Press, Associated (20 August 1986). "British Drug Charge Against Pop Singer Marilyn Dismissed". Articles.latimes.com.
- Thompson, Melissa (11 November 2014). "Band Aid star spent decades battling heroin and poverty after recording track". Mirror.co.uk.
- "Music News". Rolling Stone.
- "Gavin Rossdale 'gay' – Boy George". Stuff.co.nz. Australian Associated Press. 27 April 2009. Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "Celebrity news and entertainment from". In Touch Weekly. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Gavin Rossdale Confirms Same Sex Hook-Up With Cross Dressing Pop Star!". PerezHilton.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Weiner, Jonah (1 November 2010). "Gavin Rossdale, Uncensored: Music + Books". Details.com. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "70s New Romantics make an exhibition of themselves at Sadie Coles HQ exhibition in London". Flashinonthe70s.wordpress.com. 17 February 2013.
- "Sadie Coles". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "Culture Now: Nicola Tyson in Conversation with Michael Bracewell". Ica.org.uk. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "Marilyn". Discogs.
- "Marilyn (Peter Robinson) - Person - National Portrait Gallery". Npg.org.uk.
- "The Blitz kids: How the New Romantics made London swing again". Independent.co.uk.
- "The Blitz kids: How the New Romantics made London swing again". Independent.co.uk.
- Dean Cook (7 October 2011). "A taste of the 80s Blitz Kids — this photo book captures their unseen glory". Shapersofthe80s.com.
- O'Dowd, George "Boy George" (1995). Take It Like a Man: The Autobiography of Boy George. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0062117786.
- MARILYN interview by James Anderson in Attitude magazine in which Marilyn discusses the forthcoming musical 'Taboo' in which he is portrayed, September 2001, number 89, pages 22–23. "How do you feel about the forthcoming musical, Taboo, based on the early '80s London club legends? 'Originally it was going to be a film – and I'm not sure what I think about it really. The four main characters are Marilyn, Boy George, Steve Strange and Philip Salon. I've got to look at the tapes of the actors' workshops from it round at George's. It's coming from mainly George's angle again [the Boy is writing the music for the show] and that's slightly perturbing to me.' You talk about George like he has some real hold over you? 'I love George, we're friends and we've got a history together. The thing is, he's more famous than me. I don't have the access to the media to be able to say my A-B-C to his D-E-F. People will believe anything someone says it they're a celebrity, and that's sad'."
- "One From the Archives: FANTASTIC MR FOX: FREDDIE FOX". Hungertv.com.
- "Official Charts > Marilyn". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- "Discografie Marilyn". Ultratop.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Search the charts". Irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on 2 June 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Discografie Marilyn". Ultratop.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Discography Marilyn". Charts.nz. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Certified Awards". Bpi.co.uk. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2013.