Marilyn B. Young
|Marilyn B. Young|
April 25, 1937|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||February 19, 2017
New York, U.S.
She graduated from Samuel J. Tilden High School in Brooklyn in 1953 and Vassar College in 1957. Her doctoral work at Harvard University was supported by an anonymous full scholarship to learn Chinese and to pursue research in the field of United States relations with East Asia. She did her doctoral work under the direction of Ernest R. May, a scholar of American foreign relations, and John King Fairbank, an historian of China. Her doctoral dissertation became her first book, The Rhetoric of Empire: American China Policy, 1895–1901, which examined the American Open Door Notes and the international diplomacy of the Boxer Uprising. She taught at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, before moving to NYU in 1980.
In 2000–01 she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship and an American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship, and the Berkshire Women's History Prize for The Vietnam Wars, 1945–1990. She was elected President of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations in 2011.
Scholarly and political career
In the late 1960s, as part of her opposition to the American war in Vietnam, she was a founding member of the Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars. Many of her subsequent writings concerned this and following American wars. She recalled in her presidential address to the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations:
I find that I have spent most of my life as a teacher and scholar thinking and writing about war. I moved from war to war, from the War of 1898 and U.S. participation in the Boxer Expedition and the Chinese civil war, to the Vietnam War, back to the Korean War, then further back to World War II and forward to the wars of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Initially, I wrote about all these as if war and peace were discrete: prewar, war, peace, or postwar. Over time, this progression of wars has looked to me less like a progression than a continuation: as if between one war and the next, the country was on hold.
Of the Iraq War, she wrote: "If Vietnam was Korea in slow motion, then Operation Iraqi Freedom is Vietnam on crack cocaine. In less than two weeks a 30-year-old vocabulary is back: credibility gap, seek and destroy, hard to tell friend from foe, civilian interference in military affairs, the dominance of domestic politics, winning, or more often, losing hearts and minds."
Young became a member of the faculty at NYU in 1980. She was the founder of its Women Studies Department, and from 1993 to 1996 she was the chairwoman of its history department. Young was a co-director of the Tamiment Library's Center for the United States and the Cold War. She became president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations in 2011.
- The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990. (Harper Collins 1991), ISBN 0060165537.
- with William G. Rosenberg, Transforming Russia and China: Revolutionary Struggle in the Twentieth Century (Oxford University Press, 1982), ISBN 0195029666.
- Women in China: Studies in Social Change and Feminism. (Center for Chinese Studies, 1973), ISBN 0892640154.
- The Rhetoric of Empire: America China Policy, 1895-1901. (Harvard University Press, 1968), ISBN 0196265223.
- with Y. Tanaka, Bombing Civilians: a 20th century history, (The New Press, 2009).
- with Mark Bradley, Making Sense of the Vietnam War, (Oxford University Press, 2008).
- with Lloyd Gardner, Iraq and the Lessons of Vietnam, The New Press, 2007.
- with Lloyd Gardner, The New American Empire, The New Press, 2005.
- with Tom Grunfeld and John Fitzgerald, The Vietnam War: A History in Documents, OUP, 2003.
- with Robert Buzzanco, Companion to the Vietnam War, Blackwell, 2002.
- edited with Lynn Hunt and Jeffrey Wasserstrom, Human Rights and Revolutions, (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), ISBN 0847687376
- Editorial Committee, Reporting Vietnam:American Journalism, 1959-1975, two volumes, Library of America, 1998.
- with Marvin Gettleman, Jane Franklin and Bruce Franklin, Vietnam and America, Grove Press, 1985; rev. edition Anchor Books, 1995.
- with Rayna Rapp and Sonia Kruks, Promissory Notes: Women and the Transition to Socialism, Monthly Review Press, 1983.
- American Expansionism: the Critical Issues, Little Brown, 1973, edited collection
- "The Korean War: Ambivalence on the Silver Screen," in The Korean War at Fifty: International Perspectives, edited by Mark F. Wilkinson (John Adams Center for Military History and Strategic Analysis, 2004).
- "In the Combat Zone," reprinted in Hollywood and War: The Film Reader, edited by J. David Slocum (NY/London; Routledge, 2006).
- "Two, Three, Many Vietnams," Cold War Studies, November 2006.
- "The Vietnam Laugh Track," in David Ryan, ed. Iraq in Vietnam (London: Routledge, 2006)
- "’Shared Victory,’ Korea, the U.S. and France," in The First Vietnam War: Colonial Conflict and Cold War Crisis, ed. Mark Atwood Lawrence and Fredrik Logevall. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006).
- "The American Empire at War," in The Barbarization of Warfare, edited by George Kassimeris (London: Routledge/NY: NYU Press, 2006).
- "Counterinsurgency, Now and Forever," in Gardner and Young, Iraq and the Lessons of Vietnam
- "Why Vietnam Still Matters," in The War That Never Ends, edited by John Ernst and David Anderson (University Press of Kentucky), 2007.
- Christy Thornton; Stuart Schrader (February 24, 2017). "Marilyn Young (1937–2017)". Jacobin.
- Roberts, Sam. "Marilyn Young, Historian Who Challenged U.S. Foreign Policy, Dies at 79". New York Times. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, Harvard East Asian Series 36, 1968. ISBN 0196265223.
- Faculty Profile New York University Department of History
- Marilyn B. Young (2012). "'I Was Thinking, as I Often Do These Days, of War': The United States in the Twenty-First Century". Diplomatic History. 36 (1): 1. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7709.2011.01004.x.
- quoted at Bill Moyers Journal (PBS) May 11, 2007 from Historians Reflect on the War in Iraq: A Roundtable (Organization of American Historians Annual Meeting, Memphis Tennessee, 2003).